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State Income Tax Rates

Source 2020: https://www.thebalance.com/state-income-tax-rates-3193320 | 2020-02-05
Do you know what you pay in state income tax? The various state income tax rates range from 0% to more than 13%. Here's what you need to know about where you live.

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<iframe id="height-change-listener" role="none" tabindex="-1" src="about:blank"></iframe><article id="article_1-0" class="comp article--journey right-rail article--structured-content article" data-title="A List of State Income Tax Rates" data-tt="STRUCTUREDCONTENT" data-aid="4ffd8f9619001ec1f780184c" data-disable-popup="false" role="article" data-doc-id="3193320" data-au="73882" data-url="https://www.thebalance.com/state-income-tax-rates-3193320" data-t="110" data-sc-breakpoint="65em" data-rail-bp="large" data-tracking-container="true">
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<span>Best & Worst Taxes By State</span>
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href="https://www.thebalance.com/states-without-an-income-tax-3193345"
>States With No Income Tax</a>
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<a
href="https://www.thebalance.com/where-you-ll-pay-the-most-in-state-and-local-taxes-3193259"
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<a
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<a
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<a
href="https://www.thebalance.com/which-states-have-a-flat-income-tax-rate-3193306"
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<a
href="https://www.thebalance.com/best-and-worst-states-to-pay-lottery-taxes-4176944"
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<a
href="https://www.thebalance.com/states-with-highest-estate-inheritance-taxes-4150633"
>Highest Inheritance Taxes</a>
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A List of State Income Tax Rates</span>
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Tax Rates Run From 0% to Almost 13%</h2>
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By
<span data-tooltip="Tonya Moreno is a former writer and tax expert for The Balance, specializing in taxes at the state level. She holds an active CPA license in Idaho." class="byline__tooltip">
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href="https://www.thebalance.com/tonya-moreno-cpa-bio-3192734"
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Reviewed By
<span data-tooltip="Janet Berry-Johnson is a CPA with 10 years of experience in public accounting and writes about income taxes and small business accounting for companies such as Forbes and Credit Karma." data-tooltip-position-x="" data-tooltip-position-y="" class="reviewed-by__tooltip">
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Updated January 27, 2020
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<p>California, Hawaii, Oregon, Minnesota, and New Jersey have some of the <a href="https://www.thebalance.com/where-you-ll-pay-the-most-in-state-and-local-taxes-3193259" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">highest state income tax rates</a> in the country. At the other end of the scale, <a href="https://www.thebalance.com/states-without-an-income-tax-3193345" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">seven states have no tax</a> on earned income at all. Another nine have a flat tax rate—everyone pays the same percentage regardless of how much income they earn.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="15"></span></p>
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<p>Overall, rates range from 0% to more than 13%. Location is everything if you want to save a few income tax dollars.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="13"></span></p>
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<iframe id="mntl-sc-block-iframe__uri_1-0" class="comp lazyload mntl-sc-block-iframe__uri mntl-block" data-src="https://datawrapper.dwcdn.net/8jHxc/1/" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen="false" title="2019 Top State Marginal Individual Income Tax Rates"></iframe>
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<a class="heading-toc" id="states-with-no-income-tax"></a> <h2 id="mntl-sc-block_1-0-6" class="comp mntl-sc-block mntl-sc-block-heading"> <span class="mntl-sc-block-heading__text"> States With No Income Tax </span> </h2>
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<p>Alaska, <a href="https://www.thebalance.com/an-overview-of-taxes-in-florida-3193256" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Florida</a>, Nevada, South Dakota, <a href="https://www.thebalance.com/taxes-in-texas-a-state-tax-profile-3193310" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">Texas</a>, Washington, and Wyoming do not impose an income tax.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="15"></span></p>
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<p>Tennessee and New Hampshire fall into a gray area. They don't levy a tax on earned income, but they do tax interest and dividends. These states can get you in other ways, however.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="1"></span></p>
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<ul><li><strong>Tennessee</strong> has one of the highest combined state and local sales tax rates in the country. Your paycheck might be safe, but you'll be dinged at the cash register.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="12"></span></li><li><strong>New Hampshire</strong> is known for its exorbitant property taxes.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="16"></span></li><li><strong>Nevada</strong> and <strong>Texas</strong> have high property taxes, too.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="18"></span> <span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="17"></span></li><li><strong>Washington</strong> charges a significant tax on gasoline.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="20"></span></li><li><strong>Florida</strong> is known for both high property taxes and a pretty significant sales tax.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="21"></span> <span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="6"></span></li><li><strong>Wyoming</strong> and <strong>Alaska</strong> are the kindest states, at least for resident taxpayers. They take in a lot of revenue from taxation of their natural resources.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="22"></span> <span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="23"></span></li><span class="mntl-sc-block-adslot mntl-sc-block-adslot-inline"></span></ul>
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<div id="mntl-sc-block-callout-body_1-0" class="comp mntl-sc-block-callout-body mntl-text-block">
<p>The bottom line is that states have to pull their revenues from somewhere. Income taxes represent 37% of state tax revenues, according to the Tax Foundation.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="12"></span></p></div>
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<a class="heading-toc" id="states-with-flat-tax-rates"></a> <h2 id="mntl-sc-block_1-0-14" class="comp mntl-sc-block mntl-sc-block-heading"> <span class="mntl-sc-block-heading__text"> States With Flat Tax Rates </span> </h2>
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<p>Among the states that <em>do</em> have income taxes, many residents get a break because the highest rates don't kick in until upper-income levels. But this isn't the case in the <a href="https://www.thebalance.com/which-states-have-a-flat-income-tax-rate-3193306" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">nine states that have flat tax rates</a>. These jurisdictions don't care how much you earn.</p>
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<div id="mntl-sc-block-callout-body_1-0-1" class="comp mntl-sc-block-callout-body mntl-text-block">
<p>If you bring in $5,000 a year, you'll pay the same percentage as the guy who earns $5 million.</p></div>
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<p>Flat tax states include:</p>
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<ul><li><strong>Colorado</strong></li><li><strong>Illinois</strong></li><li><strong>Indiana</strong></li><li><strong>Kentucky</strong></li><li><strong>Massachusetts</strong></li><li><strong>Michigan</strong></li><li><strong>North Carolina</strong> </li><li><strong>Pennsylvania</strong></li><li><strong>Utah</strong><span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="1"></span> </li></ul>
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<a class="heading-toc" id="a-state-by-state-comparison"></a> <h2 id="mntl-sc-block_1-0-22" class="comp mntl-sc-block mntl-sc-block-heading"> <span class="mntl-sc-block-heading__text"> A State-by-State Comparison </span> </h2>
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<p>The remaining states and the District of Columbia charge a "progressive" tax on all income. The more you earn, the higher percentage you'll pay in income tax. For example, California's top rate is 13.3%, but you'll only pay this if you earn more than $1 million.</p>
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<p>The rates and income thresholds for individuals filing single for the 2019 tax year, including those states that have no income tax and those who tax at a flat rate, are:</p>
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<ul><li><strong>Alabama</strong>: 2% to 5%, the highest rate applies to incomes over $3,000 </li><li><strong>Alaska</strong>: No income tax</li><li><strong>Arizona</strong>: 2.59% to 4.54%, the highest rate applies to incomes over $165,674</li><li><strong>Arkansas</strong>: 0.9% to 6.9%, the highest rate applies to incomes over $37,200 </li><li><a href="https://www.thebalance.com/california-personal-income-tax-3193243" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1"><strong>California</strong></a>:<strong> </strong>1% to 13.3%, the highest rate applies to incomes over $1,000,000</li><li><strong>Colorado:</strong> A flat rate of 4.63% of federal taxable income with modifications</li><li><strong>Connecticut</strong>: 3% to 6.99%, the highest rate applies to incomes over $500,000</li><li><strong>Delaware</strong>: 2.2% to 6.6%, the highest rate applies to incomes over $60,000</li><span class="mntl-sc-block-adslot mntl-sc-block-adslot-inline"></span><li><strong>Florida</strong>: No income tax</li><li><strong>Georgia</strong>: 1% to 5.75%, the highest rate applies to incomes over $7,000</li><li><strong>Hawaii</strong>: 1.4% to 11%, the highest rate applies to incomes over $200,000 </li><li><strong>Idaho</strong>: 1.125% to 6.925%, the highest rate applies to incomes over $11,554 </li><li><strong>Illinois</strong>: A flat rate of 4.95%</li><li><strong>Indiana:</strong> A flat rate of 3.23%</li><li><strong>Iowa</strong>: 0.33% to 8.53%, the highest rate applies to incomes over $73,710</li><li><strong>Kansas</strong>: 3.1% to 5.7%, the highest rate applies to incomes over $30,000</li><li><strong>Kentucky</strong>: A flat rate of 5%</li><li><strong>Louisiana</strong>: 2% to 6%, the highest rate applies to incomes over $50,000</li><span class="mntl-sc-block-adslot mntl-sc-block-adslot-inline"></span><li><strong>Maine</strong>:<strong> </strong>5.8% to 7.15%, the highest rate applies to incomes over $51,700 </li><li><strong>Maryland</strong>:<strong> </strong>2% to 5.75%, the highest rate applies to incomes over $250,000 </li><li><strong>Massachusetts:</strong> A flat rate of 5.05%</li><li><strong>Michigan:</strong> A flat rate of 4.25%</li><li><strong>Minnesota</strong>: 5.35% to 9.85%, the highest rate applies to incomes over $163,890 </li><li><strong>Mississippi</strong>: 3% to 5%, the highest rate applies to incomes over $10,000  </li><li><strong>Missouri</strong>: 1.5% to 5.9%, the highest rate applies to incomes over $9,072 </li><li><strong>Montana</strong>: 1% to 6.9%, the highest rate applies to incomes over $18,400 </li><span class="mntl-sc-block-adslot mntl-sc-block-adslot-inline"></span><li><strong>Nebraska</strong>: 2.46% to 6.84%, the highest rate applies to incomes over $31,780 </li><li><strong>Nevada</strong>: No income tax</li><li><strong>New Hampshire</strong>: A flat rate of 5% on unearned income only</li><li><strong>New Jersey</strong>:<strong> </strong>1.4% to 10.75%, the highest rate applies to incomes over $5 million</li><li><strong>New Mexico</strong>: 1.7% to 4.9%, the highest rate applies to incomes over $16,000</li><li><a href="https://www.thebalance.com/new-york-personal-income-tax-3193284" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2"><strong>New York</strong></a>: 4% to 8.82%, the highest rate applies to incomes over $1,077,550 </li><li><strong>North Carolina</strong>: A flat rate of 5.25%</li><li><strong>North Dakota</strong>: 1.1% to 2.9%, the highest rate applies to incomes over $432,000</li><li><strong>Ohio</strong>: 1.98% to 4.997%, the highest rate applies to incomes over $217,400</li><span class="mntl-sc-block-adslot mntl-sc-block-adslot-inline"></span><li><strong>Oklahoma</strong>: 0.5% to 5%, the highest rate applies to incomes over $13,550 </li><li><strong>Oregon</strong>:<strong> </strong>5% to 9.9%, the highest rate applies to incomes over $125,000 </li><li><strong>Pennsylvania</strong>: A flat rate of 3.07%</li><li><strong>Rhode Island</strong>: 3.75% to 5.99%, the highest rate applies to incomes over $145,600</li><li><strong>South Carolina</strong>: 1.1% to 7%, the highest rate applies to incomes over $12,250</li><li><strong>South Dakota:</strong> No income tax</li><li><strong>Tennessee</strong>: A flat rate of 2% on unearned income only</li><li><strong>Texas</strong>: No income tax</li><li><strong>Utah</strong>: A flat rate of 4.95%</li><li><strong>Vermont</strong>: 3.35% to 8.95%, the highest rate applies to incomes over $416,650</li><span class="mntl-sc-block-adslot mntl-sc-block-adslot-inline"></span><li><strong>Virginia</strong>: 2% to 5.75%, the highest rate applies to incomes over $17,000</li><li><strong>Washington</strong>: No income tax</li><li><strong>West Virginia</strong>:<strong> </strong>3% to 6.5%, the highest rate applies to incomes $60,000</li><li><strong>Wisconsin</strong>: 4% to 7.65%, the highest rate applies to incomes over $258,950 </li><li><strong>Wyoming</strong>: No income tax</li><li><strong>District of Columbia</strong>: 4% to 8.95%, the highest rate applies to incomes over $1 million<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="13"></span></li></ul>
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<a class="heading-toc" id="changes-since-2018-and-going-forward"></a> <h2 id="mntl-sc-block_1-0-29" class="comp mntl-sc-block mntl-sc-block-heading"> <span class="mntl-sc-block-heading__text"> Changes Since 2018 and Going Forward </span> </h2>
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<p>Tax laws can change at any time as legislation is passed or repealed. The years 2018 and 2019 saw quite a few changes.</p>
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<ul><li><strong>Georgia's</strong> top rate was reduced from 6% to 5.75%, but it could revert back when the provision expires in 2025.</li><li><strong>Iowa</strong> plans to slash its top rate to 6.5% by 2023.</li><li><strong>Kentucky</strong> had a progressive tax that topped out at a rate of 6%, but it converted to a flat rate system of 5% in 2018.</li><li><strong>New Jersey</strong> introduced a new top rate of 10.75%.</li><li><strong>North Carolina's</strong> top rate was reduced from 5.499% to 5.25% in 2018.</li><li><strong>Utah's</strong> rate went down 0.05% from 5% to 4.95%.<span class="ql-inline-citation" data-cite="24"></span></li></ul>
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<li class="mntl-sources__source" id="citation-13"><p>Tax Foundation. "<a href="https://files.taxfoundation.org/20190320121737/2019-Individual-Income-Tax-Rates-and-Brackets-FF-643.pdf" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="externalLink" data-ordinal="1">State Individual Income Tax Rates and Brackets for 2019</a>," Page 5-10. Accessed Jan. 16, 2020.</p></li>
<li class="mntl-sources__source" id="citation-1"><p>Federation of Tax Administrators. "<a href="https://www.taxadmin.org/assets/docs/Research/Rates/ind_inc.pdf" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="externalLink" data-ordinal="1">State Individual Income Taxes</a>." Accessed Jan. 16, 2020.</p></li>
<li class="mntl-sources__source" id="citation-12"><p>Tax Foundation. "<a href="https://files.taxfoundation.org/20190320121737/2019-Individual-Income-Tax-Rates-and-Brackets-FF-643.pdf" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="externalLink" data-ordinal="1">State Individual Income Tax Rates and Brackets for 2019</a>," Page 1. Accessed Jan. 16, 2020.</p></li>
<li class="mntl-sources__source" id="citation-16"><p>Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. "<a href="https://www.lincolninst.edu/sites/default/files/nh_feb_2018.pdf" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="externalLink" data-ordinal="1" rel="nofollow">New Hampshire</a>." Accessed Jan. 16, 2020.</p></li>
<li class="mntl-sources__source" id="citation-18"><p>Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. "<a href="https://www.lincolninst.edu/sites/default/files/tx_feb_2018.pdf" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="externalLink" data-ordinal="1" rel="nofollow">Texas</a>." Accessed Jan. 16, 2020.</p></li>
<li class="mntl-sources__source" id="citation-17"><p>Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. "<a href="https://www.lincolninst.edu/sites/default/files/nv_feb_2018.pdf" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="externalLink" data-ordinal="1" rel="nofollow">Nevada</a>." Accessed Jan. 16, 2020.</p></li>
<li class="mntl-sources__source" id="citation-20"><p>Washington State Department of Transportation. "<a href="https://www.wsdot.wa.gov/sites/default/files/2019/08/16/FinancialPlanning-Publication-FuelTaxAnalysisJan2019.pdf" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="externalLink" data-ordinal="1">Fuel Tax Analysis</a>." Accessed Jan. 16, 2020.</p></li>
<li class="mntl-sources__source" id="citation-21"><p>Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. "<a href="https://www.lincolninst.edu/sites/default/files/fl_feb_2018.pdf" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="externalLink" data-ordinal="1" rel="nofollow">Florida</a>." Accessed Jan. 16, 2020.</p></li>
<li class="mntl-sources__source" id="citation-6"><p>Florida Department of Revenue. "<a href="https://floridarevenue.com/taxes/taxesfees/Pages/sales_tax.aspx" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="externalLink" data-ordinal="1" rel="nofollow">Florida ​​Sales and Use Tax</a>." Accessed Jan. 16, 2020.</p></li>
<li class="mntl-sources__source" id="citation-22"><p>State of Wyoming Legislature. "<a href="https://www.wyoleg.gov/InterimCommittee/2018/03-20180920TaxStructureGuidebook.pdf" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="externalLink" data-ordinal="1" rel="nofollow">Wyoming Tax Structure</a>." Accessed Jan. 16, 2020.</p></li>
<li class="mntl-sources__source" id="citation-23"><p>Alaska Department of Revenue. "<a href="http://www.tax.alaska.gov/programs/programs/reports/AnnualReport.aspx?Year=2018" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="externalLink" data-ordinal="1">Annual Report 2018</a>." Accessed Jan. 16, 2020.</p></li>
<li class="mntl-sources__source" id="citation-24"><p>Tax Foundation. "<a href="https://files.taxfoundation.org/20190320121737/2019-Individual-Income-Tax-Rates-and-Brackets-FF-643.pdf" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="externalLink" data-ordinal="1">State Individual Income Tax Rates and Brackets for 2019</a>," Page 3. Accessed Jan. 16, 2020.</p></li>
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