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Google Earth - Wikipedia

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	<h1 id="firstHeading" class="firstHeading" lang="en">Google Earth</h1>
	
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<div class="shortdescription nomobile noexcerpt noprint searchaux" style="display:none"> 3D globe-based map program created by Google </div>
<table class="infobox vevent" style="width:22em"><caption class="summary">Google Earth</caption><tbody><tr><td colspan="2" style="text-align:center"><a href="/wiki/File:Google_Earth_icon.svg" class="image"><img alt="Google Earth icon.svg" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e4/Google_Earth_icon.svg/64px-Google_Earth_icon.svg.png" decoding="async" width="64" height="64" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e4/Google_Earth_icon.svg/96px-Google_Earth_icon.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e4/Google_Earth_icon.svg/128px-Google_Earth_icon.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="512" data-file-height="512" /></a></td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" style="text-align:center"><a href="/wiki/File:Google_Earth_on_Chrome_screenshot.png" class="image" title="Google Earth 9 on Google Chrome"><img alt="Google Earth 9 on Google Chrome" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/0/0d/Google_Earth_on_Chrome_screenshot.png/300px-Google_Earth_on_Chrome_screenshot.png" decoding="async" width="300" height="147" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/0/0d/Google_Earth_on_Chrome_screenshot.png 1.5x" data-file-width="384" data-file-height="188" /></a><div>Google Earth 9 on <a href="/wiki/Google_Chrome" title="Google Chrome">Google Chrome</a></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="white-space: nowrap;"><a href="/wiki/Software_developer" class="mw-redirect" title="Software developer">Original author(s)</a></th><td><a href="/wiki/Keyhole,_Inc." class="mw-redirect" title="Keyhole, Inc.">Keyhole, Inc.</a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="white-space: nowrap;"><a href="/wiki/Software_developer" class="mw-redirect" title="Software developer">Developer(s)</a></th><td><a href="/wiki/Google" title="Google">Google</a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="white-space: nowrap;">Initial release</th><td>June 11, 2001<span class="noprint">; 18 years ago</span><span style="display:none"> (<span class="bday dtstart published updated">2001-06-11</span>)</span></td></tr><tr style="display: none;"><td colspan="2" style="text-align:center"></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="white-space: nowrap;"><a href="/wiki/Software_release_life_cycle" title="Software release life cycle">Stable release</a></th><td><div class="plainlist">
<ul><li><b>macOS</b><br />7.3.2.5776 (December 13, 2018<span class="noprint">; 15 months ago</span><span style="display:none"> (<span class="bday dtstart published updated">2018-12-13</span>)</span><sup id="cite_ref-Google_Earth_for_android,Linux_1-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Google_Earth_for_android,Linux-1">[1]</a></sup>) <span class="plainlinks"><a class="external text" href="https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Template:Latest_stable_software_release/Google_Earth&action=edit">[±]</a></span></li>
<li><b>Google Chrome</b><br />9.3.105.0 <sup id="cite_ref-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-2">[2]</a></sup>  <span class="plainlinks"><a class="external text" href="https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Template:Latest_stable_software_release/Google_Earth&action=edit">[±]</a></span></li>
<li><b>Android</b><br />9.3.7.8 (January 22, 2020<span class="noprint">; 2 months ago</span><span style="display:none"> (<span class="bday dtstart published updated">2020-01-22</span>)</span><sup id="cite_ref-3" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-3">[3]</a></sup>) <span class="plainlinks"><a class="external text" href="https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Template:Latest_stable_software_release/Google_Earth&action=edit">[±]</a></span></li>
<li><b>iOS</b><br />9.3.7 (January 15, 2020<span class="noprint">; 2 months ago</span><span style="display:none"> (<span class="bday dtstart published updated">2020-01-15</span>)</span><sup id="cite_ref-4" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-4">[4]</a></sup>) <span class="plainlinks"><a class="external text" href="https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Template:Latest_stable_software_release/Google_Earth&action=edit">[±]</a></span></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="white-space: nowrap;"><a href="/wiki/Software_release_life_cycle" title="Software release life cycle">Preview release</a></th><td><b>Windows, macOS, Linux</b><br />7.3.2 (June 20, 2018<span class="noprint">; 21 months ago</span><span style="display:none"> (<span class="bday dtstart published updated">2018-06-20</span>)</span><sup id="cite_ref-5" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-5">[5]</a></sup>) <span class="plainlinks"><a class="external text" href="https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Template:Latest_preview_software_release/Google_Earth&action=edit">[±]</a></span></td></tr><tr style="display:none"><td colspan="2">
</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="white-space: nowrap;">Written in</th><td><a href="/wiki/C%2B%2B" title="C++">C++</a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="white-space: nowrap;"><a href="/wiki/Operating_system" title="Operating system">Operating system</a></th><td><a href="/wiki/Windows" class="mw-redirect" title="Windows">Windows</a>, <a href="/wiki/MacOS" title="MacOS">macOS</a>, <a href="/wiki/Linux" title="Linux">Linux</a>, <a href="/wiki/Xbox_One" title="Xbox One">Xbox One</a>, <a href="/wiki/Android_(operating_system)" title="Android (operating system)">Android 4.1+</a>, <a href="/wiki/IOS" title="IOS">iOS 11+</a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="white-space: nowrap;"><a href="/wiki/File_size" title="File size">Size</a></th><td><div class="plainlist">
<ul><li>Windows: 12.5 <a href="/wiki/Megabyte" title="Megabyte">MB</a></li>
<li>macOS: 35 MB</li>
<li>Linux: 24 MB</li>
<li>Android: 11.57  MB</li>
<li>iOS: 185.6  MB</li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="white-space: nowrap;">Available in</th><td>Various languages</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="white-space: nowrap;"><a href="/wiki/Software_categories#Categorization_approaches" title="Software categories">Type</a></th><td><a href="/wiki/Virtual_globe" title="Virtual globe">Virtual globe</a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="white-space: nowrap;"><a href="/wiki/Software_license" title="Software license">License</a></th><td><a href="/wiki/Freeware" title="Freeware">Freeware</a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="white-space: nowrap;">Website</th><td><span class="url"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://google.com/earth">google<wbr />.com<wbr />/earth</a></span></td></tr></tbody></table>
<p><b>Google Earth</b> is a <a href="/wiki/Computer_program" title="Computer program">computer program</a> that renders a <a href="/wiki/3D_computer_graphics" title="3D computer graphics">3D</a> representation of <a href="/wiki/Earth" title="Earth">Earth</a> based primarily on <a href="/wiki/Satellite_imagery" title="Satellite imagery">satellite imagery</a>. The program maps the Earth by <a href="/wiki/Superimposition" title="Superimposition">superimposing</a> satellite images, <a href="/wiki/Aerial_photography" title="Aerial photography">aerial photography</a>, and <a href="/wiki/Geographic_information_system" title="Geographic information system">GIS data</a> onto a 3D globe, allowing users to see cities and landscapes from various angles. Users can explore the globe by entering addresses and coordinates, or by using a <a href="/wiki/Computer_keyboard" title="Computer keyboard">keyboard</a> or <a href="/wiki/Computer_mouse" title="Computer mouse">mouse</a>. The program can also be downloaded on a <a href="/wiki/Smartphone" title="Smartphone">smartphone</a> or <a href="/wiki/Tablet_computer" title="Tablet computer">tablet</a>, using a <a href="/wiki/Touch_screen" class="mw-redirect" title="Touch screen">touch screen</a> or <a href="/wiki/Stylus" title="Stylus">stylus</a> to navigate. Users may use the program to add their own data using <a href="/wiki/Keyhole_Markup_Language" title="Keyhole Markup Language">Keyhole Markup Language</a> and upload them through various sources, such as forums or <a href="/wiki/Blog" title="Blog">blogs</a>. Google Earth is able to show various kinds of images overlaid on the surface of the earth and is also a <a href="/wiki/Web_Map_Service" title="Web Map Service">Web Map Service</a> client. Recently <a href="/wiki/Google" title="Google">Google</a> has revealed that Google Earth now covers more than 98 percent of the world, and has captured 10 million miles of Street View imagery, a distance that could circle the globe more than 400 times.
</p><p>In addition to Earth navigation, Google Earth provides a series of other tools through the desktop application. Additional globes for the <a href="/wiki/Moon" title="Moon">Moon</a> and <a href="/wiki/Mars" title="Mars">Mars</a> are available, as well as a tool for viewing the <a href="/wiki/Night_sky" title="Night sky">night sky</a>. A <a href="/wiki/Flight_simulator" title="Flight simulator">flight simulator</a> game is also included. Other features allow users to view photos from various places uploaded to <a href="/wiki/Panoramio" title="Panoramio">Panoramio</a>, information provided by <a href="/wiki/Wikipedia" title="Wikipedia">Wikipedia</a> on some locations, and Street View imagery. The web-based version of Google Earth also includes Voyager, a feature that periodically adds in-program tours, often presented by scientists and documentarians.
</p><p>Google Earth has been viewed by some as a threat to <a href="/wiki/Privacy" title="Privacy">privacy</a> and <a href="/wiki/National_security" title="National security">national security</a>, leading to the program being banned in multiple countries. Some countries have requested that certain areas be obscured in Google's satellite images, usually areas containing military facilities.
</p>
<div id="toc" class="toc" role="navigation" aria-labelledby="mw-toc-heading"><input type="checkbox" role="button" id="toctogglecheckbox" class="toctogglecheckbox" style="display:none" /><div class="toctitle" lang="en" dir="ltr"><h2 id="mw-toc-heading">Contents</h2><span class="toctogglespan"><label class="toctogglelabel" for="toctogglecheckbox"></label></span></div>
<ul>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-1"><a href="#History"><span class="tocnumber">1</span> <span class="toctext">History</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-2"><a href="#Imagery"><span class="tocnumber">2</span> <span class="toctext">Imagery</span></a>
<ul>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-3"><a href="#3D_imagery"><span class="tocnumber">2.1</span> <span class="toctext">3D imagery</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-4"><a href="#Street_View"><span class="tocnumber">2.2</span> <span class="toctext">Street View</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-5"><a href="#Water_and_ocean"><span class="tocnumber">2.3</span> <span class="toctext">Water and ocean</span></a></li>
</ul>
</li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-6"><a href="#Outer_space"><span class="tocnumber">3</span> <span class="toctext">Outer space</span></a>
<ul>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-7"><a href="#Google_Sky"><span class="tocnumber">3.1</span> <span class="toctext">Google Sky</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-8"><a href="#Google_Mars"><span class="tocnumber">3.2</span> <span class="toctext">Google Mars</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-9"><a href="#Google_Moon"><span class="tocnumber">3.3</span> <span class="toctext">Google Moon</span></a></li>
</ul>
</li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-10"><a href="#Other_features"><span class="tocnumber">4</span> <span class="toctext">Other features</span></a>
<ul>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-11"><a href="#Flight_simulators"><span class="tocnumber">4.1</span> <span class="toctext">Flight simulators</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-12"><a href="#Liquid_Galaxy"><span class="tocnumber">4.2</span> <span class="toctext">Liquid Galaxy</span></a></li>
</ul>
</li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-13"><a href="#Versions"><span class="tocnumber">5</span> <span class="toctext">Versions</span></a>
<ul>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-14"><a href="#Google_Earth_Pro"><span class="tocnumber">5.1</span> <span class="toctext">Google Earth Pro</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-15"><a href="#Google_Earth_Plus"><span class="tocnumber">5.2</span> <span class="toctext">Google Earth Plus</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-16"><a href="#Google_Earth_Enterprise"><span class="tocnumber">5.3</span> <span class="toctext">Google Earth Enterprise</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-17"><a href="#Google_Earth_9"><span class="tocnumber">5.4</span> <span class="toctext">Google Earth 9</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-18"><a href="#Google_Earth_Plug-in"><span class="tocnumber">5.5</span> <span class="toctext">Google Earth Plug-in</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-19"><a href="#Google_Earth_VR"><span class="tocnumber">5.6</span> <span class="toctext">Google Earth VR</span></a></li>
</ul>
</li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-20"><a href="#Google_Earth_Outreach"><span class="tocnumber">6</span> <span class="toctext">Google Earth Outreach</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-21"><a href="#Google_Earth_Engine"><span class="tocnumber">7</span> <span class="toctext">Google Earth Engine</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-22"><a href="#Controversy_and_criticism"><span class="tocnumber">8</span> <span class="toctext">Controversy and criticism</span></a>
<ul>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-23"><a href="#Defense"><span class="tocnumber">8.1</span> <span class="toctext">Defense</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-24"><a href="#National_security"><span class="tocnumber">8.2</span> <span class="toctext">National security</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-25"><a href="#Other_concerns"><span class="tocnumber">8.3</span> <span class="toctext">Other concerns</span></a></li>
</ul>
</li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-26"><a href="#See_also"><span class="tocnumber">9</span> <span class="toctext">See also</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-27"><a href="#References"><span class="tocnumber">10</span> <span class="toctext">References</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-28"><a href="#External_links"><span class="tocnumber">11</span> <span class="toctext">External links</span></a></li>
</ul>
</div>

<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="History">History</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Google_Earth&action=edit&section=1" title="Edit section: History">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
<p>The core technology behind Google Earth was originally developed at Intrinsic Graphics in the late 1990s. At the time, the company was developing 3D gaming software libraries.<sup id="cite_ref-kilday_6-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-kilday-6">[6]</a></sup> As a demo of their 3D software, they created a spinning globe that could be zoomed into, similar to the <i><a href="/wiki/Powers_of_Ten_(film)" title="Powers of Ten (film)">Powers of Ten</a></i> film.<sup id="cite_ref-kilday_6-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-kilday-6">[6]</a></sup> The demo was popular, but the board of Intrinsic wanted to remain focused on gaming, so in 1999, they created Keyhole, Inc., headed by <a href="/wiki/John_Hanke" title="John Hanke">John Hanke</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-kilday_6-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-kilday-6">[6]</a></sup> Keyhole then developed a way to stream large databases of mapping data over the internet to client software, a key part of the technology,<sup id="cite_ref-awes_7-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-awes-7">[7]</a></sup> and acquired patchworks of mapping data from governments and other sources.<sup id="cite_ref-kilday_6-3" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-kilday-6">[6]</a></sup> The product, called "Keyhole EarthViewer", was sold on CDs for use in fields such as <a href="/wiki/Real_estate" title="Real estate">real estate</a>, <a href="/wiki/Urban_planning" title="Urban planning">urban planning</a>, <a href="/wiki/War" title="War">defense</a>, and <a href="/wiki/Intelligence_assessment" title="Intelligence assessment">intelligence</a>; users paid a yearly fee for the service.<sup id="cite_ref-awes_7-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-awes-7">[7]</a></sup> Despite making a number of capital deals with <a href="/wiki/Nvidia" title="Nvidia">Nvidia</a> and <a href="/wiki/Sony" title="Sony">Sony</a>,<sup id="cite_ref-awes_7-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-awes-7">[7]</a></sup> the small company was struggling to make payroll, and employees were leaving.<sup id="cite_ref-kilday_6-4" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-kilday-6">[6]</a></sup>
</p><p>Fortunes for the company changed in early 2003 when CNN received a discount for the software in exchange for placing the Keyhole logo on-air whenever the map was used.<sup id="cite_ref-awes_7-3" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-awes-7">[7]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-kilday_6-5" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-kilday-6">[6]</a></sup> Keyhole did not expect it would amount to more than brief 5- or 10-second prerecorded animation clips, but it was used extensively by <a href="/wiki/Miles_O%27Brien_(journalist)" title="Miles O'Brien (journalist)">Miles O'Brien</a> live during the <a href="/wiki/2003_invasion_of_Iraq" title="2003 invasion of Iraq">2003 invasion of Iraq</a>, allowing CNN and millions of viewers to follow the progress of the war in a way that had never been seen before.<sup id="cite_ref-awes_7-4" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-awes-7">[7]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-kilday_6-6" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-kilday-6">[6]</a></sup> Public interest in the software exploded and Keyhole servers were not able to keep up with demand.<sup id="cite_ref-awes_7-5" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-awes-7">[7]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-kilday_6-7" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-kilday-6">[6]</a></sup> Keyhole was soon contacted by the <a href="/wiki/Central_Intelligence_Agency" title="Central Intelligence Agency">Central Intelligence Agency</a>'s venture capital firm, <a href="/wiki/In-Q-Tel" title="In-Q-Tel">In-Q-Tel</a>,<sup id="cite_ref-8" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-8">[8]</a></sup> and the <a href="/wiki/National_Geospatial-Intelligence_Agency" title="National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency">National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency</a>,<sup id="cite_ref-pandooakland_9-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-pandooakland-9">[9]</a></sup> for use with defense mapping databases, which gave Keyhole a much-needed cash infusion.<sup id="cite_ref-kilday_6-8" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-kilday-6">[6]</a></sup> Intrinsic Graphics was sold in 2003 to <a href="/wiki/Vicarious_Visions" title="Vicarious Visions">Vicarious Visions</a> after its gaming libraries did not sell well, and its core group of engineers and management transitioned to Keyhole with Hanke remaining at the head.<sup id="cite_ref-kilday_6-9" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-kilday-6">[6]</a></sup>
</p><p>At the time, Google was finding that over 25% of its searches were of a geospatial character, including searches for maps and directions.<sup id="cite_ref-kilday_6-10" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-kilday-6">[6]</a></sup> In October 2004, Google acquired Keyhole as part of a strategy to better serve its users.<sup id="cite_ref-10" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-10">[10]</a></sup>
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<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Imagery">Imagery</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Google_Earth&action=edit&section=2" title="Edit section: Imagery">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
<p>Google Earth's imagery is displayed on a digital <a href="/wiki/Globe" title="Globe">globe</a>, which displays the planet's surface using a single composited image from a far distance. After zooming in far enough, the imagery transitions into different imagery of the same area with finer detail, which varies in date and time from one area to the next. The imagery is retrieved from <a href="/wiki/Satellite" title="Satellite">satellites</a> or <a href="/wiki/Aircraft" title="Aircraft">aircraft</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-11" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-11">[11]</a></sup> Before the launch of <a href="/wiki/NASA" title="NASA">NASA</a> and the <a href="/wiki/United_States_Geological_Survey" title="United States Geological Survey">USGS's</a> <a href="/wiki/Landsat_8" title="Landsat 8">Landsat 8</a> satellite, Google relied partially on imagery from <a href="/wiki/Landsat_7" title="Landsat 7">Landsat 7</a>, which suffered from a hardware malfunction that left diagonal gaps in images.<sup id="cite_ref-12" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-12">[12]</a></sup> In 2013, Google used <a href="/wiki/Datamining" class="mw-redirect" title="Datamining">datamining</a> to remedy the issue, providing what was described as a successor to the <a href="/wiki/Blue_Marble" class="mw-redirect" title="Blue Marble">Blue Marble</a> image of Earth, with a single large image of the entire planet. This was achieved by combining multiple sets of imagery taken from Landsat 7 to eliminate clouds and diagonal gaps, creating a single "mosaic" image.<sup id="cite_ref-13" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-13">[13]</a></sup> Google now uses Landsat 8 to provide imagery in a higher quality and with greater frequency.<sup id="cite_ref-14" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-14">[14]</a></sup> Imagery is hosted on Google's servers, which are contacted by the application when opened, requiring an Internet connection.
</p><p>Imagery resolution ranges from 15 meters of resolution to 15 centimeters. For much of the Earth, Google Earth uses <a href="/wiki/Digital_elevation_model" title="Digital elevation model">digital elevation model</a> data collected by <a href="/wiki/NASA" title="NASA">NASA</a>'s <a href="/wiki/Shuttle_Radar_Topography_Mission" title="Shuttle Radar Topography Mission">Shuttle Radar Topography Mission</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-15" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-15">[15]</a></sup> This creates the impression of three-dimensional terrain, even where the imagery is only two-dimensional.
</p><p><span id="Copyright"></span> Google asserts that every image created from Google Earth using satellite data provided by Google Earth is a <a href="/wiki/Copyright" title="Copyright">copyrighted</a> map. Any derivative from Google Earth is made from data on which Google claims copyright under <a href="/wiki/United_States_Copyright_Law" class="mw-redirect" title="United States Copyright Law">United States Copyright Law</a>. Google grants licenses in this data allowing, among other things, non-commercial personal use of the images (e.g., on a personal website or blog) as long as copyrights and attributions are preserved.<sup id="cite_ref-16" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-16">[16]</a></sup> By contrast, images created with NASA's globe software <a href="/wiki/NASA_WorldWind" title="NASA WorldWind">WorldWind</a> use <a href="/wiki/The_Blue_Marble" title="The Blue Marble">The Blue Marble</a>, <a href="/wiki/Landsat" class="mw-redirect" title="Landsat">Landsat</a>, or USGS imagery, each of which is in the <a href="/wiki/Public_domain" title="Public domain">public domain</a>.
</p><p><span id="historicalimagery"></span> In version 5.0, Google introduced Historical Imagery, allowing users to view earlier imagery. Clicking the <a href="/wiki/Clock" title="Clock">clock</a> icon in the toolbar opens a time slider, which marks the time of available imagery from the past. This feature allows for observation of an area's changes over time.<sup id="cite_ref-Dive_into_New_Google_Earth_17-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Dive_into_New_Google_Earth-17">[17]</a></sup> Utilizing the timelapse feature allows for the ability to view a zoomable video as far back as 32 years.<sup id="cite_ref-18" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-18">[18]</a></sup>
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<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="3D_imagery">3D imagery</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Google_Earth&action=edit&section=3" title="Edit section: 3D imagery">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<div class="thumb tright"><div class="thumbinner" style="width:352px;"><a href="/wiki/File:3D_locations_in_Google_Earth.png" class="image"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/db/3D_locations_in_Google_Earth.png/350px-3D_locations_in_Google_Earth.png" decoding="async" width="350" height="179" class="thumbimage" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/db/3D_locations_in_Google_Earth.png/525px-3D_locations_in_Google_Earth.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/db/3D_locations_in_Google_Earth.png/700px-3D_locations_in_Google_Earth.png 2x" data-file-width="1436" data-file-height="736" /></a>  <div class="thumbcaption"><div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:3D_locations_in_Google_Earth.png" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div>Countries with 3D coverage in Google Earth as of November 2019.  <div class="plainlist" style="padding-left: 0.6em; text-align: left;"><span style="background-color:#ED1C24; color:black; border:1px solid #000000; text-align:center;">    </span> Countries with 3D coverage. </div> <span style="background-color:#FFAEC9; color:black; border:1px solid #000000; text-align:center;">    </span> Countries with former 3D coverage.</div></div></div>
<div class="thumb tright"><div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a href="/wiki/File:Google_Earth_(iOS)_-_3D_Mode_at_Wisconsin_Dells_Great_Wolf_Lodge.png" class="image"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/d/d4/Google_Earth_%28iOS%29_-_3D_Mode_at_Wisconsin_Dells_Great_Wolf_Lodge.png/220px-Google_Earth_%28iOS%29_-_3D_Mode_at_Wisconsin_Dells_Great_Wolf_Lodge.png" decoding="async" width="220" height="165" class="thumbimage" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/d/d4/Google_Earth_%28iOS%29_-_3D_Mode_at_Wisconsin_Dells_Great_Wolf_Lodge.png/330px-Google_Earth_%28iOS%29_-_3D_Mode_at_Wisconsin_Dells_Great_Wolf_Lodge.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/d/d4/Google_Earth_%28iOS%29_-_3D_Mode_at_Wisconsin_Dells_Great_Wolf_Lodge.png 2x" data-file-width="365" data-file-height="273" /></a>  <div class="thumbcaption"><div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:Google_Earth_(iOS)_-_3D_Mode_at_Wisconsin_Dells_Great_Wolf_Lodge.png" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div>3D imagery in the <a href="/wiki/IOS" title="IOS">iOS</a> version of Google Earth, seen here at <a href="/wiki/Wisconsin_Dells,_Wisconsin" title="Wisconsin Dells, Wisconsin">Wisconsin Dells, Wisconsin</a></div></div></div>
<p>Google Earth shows <a href="/wiki/3D_computer_graphics" title="3D computer graphics">3D</a> <a href="/wiki/Building_model" title="Building model">building models</a> in some cities, including photorealistic 3D imagery. The first 3D buildings in Google Earth were created using <a href="/wiki/3D_modeling" title="3D modeling">3D modeling</a> applications such as <a href="/wiki/SketchUp" title="SketchUp">SketchUp</a> and, beginning in 2009, <a href="/wiki/Google_Building_Maker" title="Google Building Maker">Building Maker</a>,<sup id="cite_ref-19" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-19">[19]</a></sup> and were uploaded to Google Earth via the <a href="/wiki/3D_Warehouse" class="mw-redirect" title="3D Warehouse">3D Warehouse</a>. In June 2012, Google announced that it would be replacing user-generated 3D buildings with an auto-generated 3D mesh.<sup id="cite_ref-20" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-20">[20]</a></sup> This would be phased in, starting with select larger cities, with the notable exception of cities such as <a href="/wiki/London" title="London">London</a> and <a href="/wiki/Toronto" title="Toronto">Toronto</a> which required more time to process detailed imagery of their vast number of buildings. The reason given is to have greater uniformity in 3D buildings and to compete with <a href="/wiki/Here_(company)" class="mw-redirect" title="Here (company)">Nokia Here</a> and <a href="/wiki/Apple_Maps" title="Apple Maps">Apple Maps</a>, which were already using this technology. The coverage began that year in 21 cities in four countries.<sup id="cite_ref-21" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-21">[21]</a></sup> By early 2016, 3D imagery had been expanded to hundreds of cities in over 40 countries, including every <a href="/wiki/U.S._state" title="U.S. state">U.S. state</a> and encompassing every continent except Antarctica.
</p><p>In 2009, in a collaboration between Google and the <a href="/wiki/Museo_del_Prado" title="Museo del Prado">Museo del Prado</a> in <a href="/wiki/Madrid" title="Madrid">Madrid</a>, the museum selected 14 of its paintings to be photographed and displayed at the resolution of 14,000 <a href="/wiki/Megapixel" class="mw-redirect" title="Megapixel">megapixels</a> inside the 3D version of the Prado in Google Earth and <a href="/wiki/Google_Maps" title="Google Maps">Google Maps</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-22" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-22">[22]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-23" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-23">[23]</a></sup>
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<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Street_View">Street View</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Google_Earth&action=edit&section=4" title="Edit section: Street View">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<div role="note" class="hatnote navigation-not-searchable">Main article: <a href="/wiki/Google_Street_View" title="Google Street View">Google Street View</a></div>
<p>On April 15, 2008, with version 4.3, Google fully integrated <a href="/wiki/Google_Street_View" title="Google Street View">Street View</a> into Google Earth.<sup id="cite_ref-PCM4.3_24-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-PCM4.3-24">[24]</a></sup> Street View displays 360° panoramic street-level photos of select cities and their surroundings. The photos were taken by cameras mounted on automobiles, can be viewed at different scales and from many angles, and are navigable by arrow icons imposed on them.
</p><p>Using the Street View on Google Earth, users have the opportunity to visit and explore 30 <a href="/wiki/UNESCO_world_heritage" class="mw-redirect" title="UNESCO world heritage">UNESCO world heritage</a> sites with historical context and pins for each one. The sites include, <a href="/wiki/The_Great_Pyramid" class="mw-redirect" title="The Great Pyramid">The Great Pyramid</a>, <a href="/wiki/The_Taj_Mahal" class="mw-redirect" title="The Taj Mahal">The Taj Mahal</a>, <a href="/wiki/Sagrada_Fam%C3%ADlia" title="Sagrada Família">Sagrada Família</a>, <a href="/wiki/The_Dolomites" class="mw-redirect" title="The Dolomites">The Dolomites</a>, <a href="/wiki/The_Royal_Botanic_Gardens,_Kew" class="mw-redirect" title="The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew">The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew</a>, <a href="/wiki/The_Great_Sphinx" class="mw-redirect" title="The Great Sphinx">The Great Sphinx</a> and etc.<sup id="cite_ref-25" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-25">[25]</a></sup>
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<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Water_and_ocean">Water and ocean</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Google_Earth&action=edit&section=5" title="Edit section: Water and ocean">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<p>Introduced in Google Earth 5.0 in 2009, the Google Ocean feature allows users to zoom below the surface of the ocean and view the 3D <a href="/wiki/Bathymetry" title="Bathymetry">bathymetry</a>. Supporting over 20 content layers, it contains information from leading scientists and <a href="/wiki/Oceanography" title="Oceanography">oceanographers</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-26" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-26">[26]</a></sup> On April 14, 2009, Google added bathymetric data for the <a href="/wiki/Great_Lakes" title="Great Lakes">Great Lakes</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-27" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-27">[27]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-28" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-28">[28]</a></sup>
</p><p>In June 2011, Google increased the resolution of some deep ocean floor areas from 1-kilometer grids to 100 meters.<sup id="cite_ref-29" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-29">[29]</a></sup> The high-resolution features were developed by oceanographers at Columbia University's Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory from scientific data collected on research cruises. The sharper focus is available for about 5 percent of the oceans. This can be seen in the Hudson off New York City, the Wini Seamount near Hawaii, and the <a href="/wiki/Mendocino_Fracture_Zone" title="Mendocino Fracture Zone">Mendocino Ridge</a> off the U.S. Pacific coast.<sup id="cite_ref-30" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-30">[30]</a></sup>
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<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Outer_space">Outer space</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Google_Earth&action=edit&section=6" title="Edit section: Outer space">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
<div class="thumb tright"><div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a href="/wiki/File:Google_Earth_Mars.png" class="image"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/9/9a/Google_Earth_Mars.png/220px-Google_Earth_Mars.png" decoding="async" width="220" height="143" class="thumbimage" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/9/9a/Google_Earth_Mars.png/330px-Google_Earth_Mars.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/9/9a/Google_Earth_Mars.png 2x" data-file-width="392" data-file-height="254" /></a>  <div class="thumbcaption"><div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:Google_Earth_Mars.png" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div>A picture of <a href="/wiki/Mars" title="Mars">Mars</a>' landscape</div></div></div>
<div class="thumb tright"><div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a href="/wiki/File:Google_Earth_Sky.png" class="image"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/7/75/Google_Earth_Sky.png/220px-Google_Earth_Sky.png" decoding="async" width="220" height="143" class="thumbimage" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/7/75/Google_Earth_Sky.png/330px-Google_Earth_Sky.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/7/75/Google_Earth_Sky.png 2x" data-file-width="392" data-file-height="254" /></a>  <div class="thumbcaption"><div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:Google_Earth_Sky.png" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div>Google Earth in Sky Viewing Mode</div></div></div>
<div class="thumb tright"><div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a href="/wiki/File:Google_moon_1.jpg" class="image"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/f/f5/Google_moon_1.jpg/220px-Google_moon_1.jpg" decoding="async" width="220" height="142" class="thumbimage" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/f/f5/Google_moon_1.jpg/330px-Google_moon_1.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/f/f5/Google_moon_1.jpg 2x" data-file-width="393" data-file-height="253" /></a>  <div class="thumbcaption"><div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:Google_moon_1.jpg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div>One of the lunar landers viewed in Google Moon</div></div></div>
<p>Google has programs and features, including within Google Earth, allowing exploration of <a href="/wiki/Mars" title="Mars">Mars</a>, the <a href="/wiki/Moon" title="Moon">Moon</a>, the view of the sky from Earth and <a href="/wiki/Outer_space" title="Outer space">outer space</a>, including the surfaces of various objects in the <a href="/wiki/Solar_System" title="Solar System">Solar System</a>.
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<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Google_Sky">Google Sky</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Google_Earth&action=edit&section=7" title="Edit section: Google Sky">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<p>Google Sky is a feature that was introduced in Google Earth 4.2 on August 22, 2007, in a browser-based application on March 13, 2008,<sup id="cite_ref-31" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-31">[31]</a></sup> and to <a href="/wiki/Android_(operating_system)" title="Android (operating system)">Android</a> <a href="/wiki/Smartphone" title="Smartphone">smartphones</a>, with <a href="/wiki/Augmented_reality" title="Augmented reality">augmented reality</a> features. Google Sky allows users to view <a href="/wiki/Star" title="Star">stars</a> and other celestial bodies.<sup id="cite_ref-32" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-32">[32]</a></sup> It was produced by <a href="/wiki/Google" title="Google">Google</a> through a partnership with the <a href="/wiki/Space_Telescope_Science_Institute" title="Space Telescope Science Institute">Space Telescope Science Institute</a> (STScI) in Baltimore, the science operations center for the <a href="/wiki/Hubble_Space_Telescope" title="Hubble Space Telescope">Hubble Space Telescope</a>. Dr. <a href="/wiki/Alberto_Conti" title="Alberto Conti">Alberto Conti</a> and his co-developer Dr. Carol Christian of STScI planned to add the public images from 2007,<sup id="cite_ref-33" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-33">[33]</a></sup> as well as color images of all of the archived data from Hubble's Advanced Camera for Surveys. Then-newly released <a href="/wiki/Hubble_Space_Telescope" title="Hubble Space Telescope">Hubble</a> pictures was added to the Google Sky program as soon as they are issued.
</p><p>New features such as multi-wavelength data, positions of major satellites and their orbits as well as educational resources are provided to the Google Earth community and also through Christian and Conti's website for Sky.<sup id="cite_ref-34" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-34">[34]</a></sup> Also visible on Sky mode are constellations, stars, galaxies, and animations depicting the planets in their orbits. A real-time Google Sky <a href="/wiki/Mashup_(web_application_hybrid)" title="Mashup (web application hybrid)">mashup</a> of recent astronomical transients, using the <a href="/wiki/VOEvent" title="VOEvent">VOEvent</a> protocol, is provided by the VOEventNet collaboration.<sup id="cite_ref-35" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-35">[35]</a></sup> Other programs similar to Google Sky include <a href="/wiki/Microsoft_WorldWide_Telescope" class="mw-redirect" title="Microsoft WorldWide Telescope">Microsoft WorldWide Telescope</a> and <a href="/wiki/Stellarium_(software)" title="Stellarium (software)">Stellarium</a>.
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<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Google_Mars">Google Mars</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Google_Earth&action=edit&section=8" title="Edit section: Google Mars">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<p>Google Mars is an application within Google Earth that is a version of the program for imagery of the planet Mars. Google also operates a browser-based version, although the maps are of a much higher resolution within Google Earth, and include 3D terrain, as well as <a href="/wiki/Infrared" title="Infrared">infrared</a> imagery and elevation data. There are also some extremely high-resolution images from the <a href="/wiki/Mars_Reconnaissance_Orbiter" title="Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter">Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter</a>'s <a href="/wiki/HiRISE" title="HiRISE">HiRISE</a> camera that are of a similar resolution to those of the cities on Earth. Finally, there are many high-resolution panoramic images from various Mars landers, such as the <a href="/wiki/Mars_Exploration_Rovers" class="mw-redirect" title="Mars Exploration Rovers">Mars Exploration Rovers</a>, <i><a href="/wiki/Spirit_Rover" class="mw-redirect" title="Spirit Rover">Spirit</a></i> and <i><a href="/wiki/Opportunity_Rover" class="mw-redirect" title="Opportunity Rover">Opportunity</a></i>, that can be viewed in a similar way to <a href="/wiki/Google_Street_View" title="Google Street View">Google Street View</a>.
</p><p>Mars also has a small application found near the <a href="/wiki/Face_on_Mars" class="mw-redirect" title="Face on Mars">face on Mars</a>. It is called Meliza, a robot character the user can speak with.<sup id="cite_ref-36" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-36">[36]</a></sup>
</p>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Google_Moon">Google Moon</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Google_Earth&action=edit&section=9" title="Edit section: Google Moon">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<p>Originally a browser application, Google Moon is a feature that allows exploration of the Moon. Google brought the feature to Google Earth for the 40th anniversary of the <a href="/wiki/Apollo_11" title="Apollo 11">Apollo 11</a> mission on July 20, 2009.<sup id="cite_ref-37" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-37">[37]</a></sup> It was announced and demonstrated to a group of invited guests by Google along with <a href="/wiki/Buzz_Aldrin" title="Buzz Aldrin">Buzz Aldrin</a> at the <a href="/wiki/Newseum" title="Newseum">Newseum</a> in <a href="/wiki/Washington,_D.C." title="Washington, D.C.">Washington, D.C.</a><sup id="cite_ref-38" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-38">[38]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-39" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-39">[39]</a></sup> Google Moon includes several tours, including one for the <a href="/wiki/Apollo_program" title="Apollo program">Apollo missions</a>, incorporating maps, videos, and Street View-style panoramas, all provided by NASA.
</p>
<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Other_features">Other features</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Google_Earth&action=edit&section=10" title="Edit section: Other features">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
<p>Google Earth has numerous features which allow the user to learn about specific places. These are called "layers", and include different forms of media, including photo and video. Some layers include tours, which guide the user between specific places in a set order. Layers are created using the <a href="/wiki/Keyhole_Markup_Language" title="Keyhole Markup Language">Keyhole Markup Language</a>, or KML, which users can also use to create customized layers.<sup id="cite_ref-40" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-40">[40]</a></sup> Locations can be marked with placemarks and organized in folders; For example, a user can use placemarks to list interesting landmarks around the globe, then provide a description with photos and videos, which can be viewed by clicking on the placemarks while viewing the new layer in the application.
</p><p>In December 2006, Google Earth added a new integration with <a href="/wiki/Wikipedia" title="Wikipedia">Wikipedia</a> and <a href="/wiki/Panoramio" title="Panoramio">Panoramio</a>. For the Wikipedia layer, entries are <a href="/wiki/Web_scraping" title="Web scraping">scraped</a> for coordinates via the <a href="/wiki/Template:Coord" title="Template:Coord">Coord templates</a>. There is also a community layer from the project <a href="https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WikiProjekt_Georeferenzierung/Wikipedia-World/en" class="extiw" title="de:Wikipedia:WikiProjekt Georeferenzierung/Wikipedia-World/en">Wikipedia-World</a>. More coordinates are used, different types are in the display, and different languages are supported than the built-in Wikipedia layer.<sup id="cite_ref-41" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-41">[41]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-42" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-42">[42]</a></sup> The Panoramio layer features pictures uploaded by Panoramio users, placed in Google Earth based on user-provided location data. In addition to flat images, Google Earth also includes a layer for user-submitted panoramic photos, navigable in a similar way to Street View.
</p><p>Google Earth includes multiple features that allow the user to monitor current events. In 2007, Google began offering users the ability to monitor traffic data provided by <a href="/wiki/Google_Traffic" class="mw-redirect" title="Google Traffic">Google Traffic</a> in real time, based on information <a href="/wiki/Crowdsourcing" title="Crowdsourcing">crowdsourced</a> from the GPS-identified locations of cell phone users.<sup id="cite_ref-43" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-43">[43]</a></sup>
</p>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Flight_simulators">Flight simulators</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Google_Earth&action=edit&section=11" title="Edit section: Flight simulators">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<div class="thumb tright"><div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a href="/wiki/File:Toronto_downtown.png" class="image"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/a/a3/Toronto_downtown.png/220px-Toronto_downtown.png" decoding="async" width="220" height="114" class="thumbimage" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/a/a3/Toronto_downtown.png/330px-Toronto_downtown.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/a/a3/Toronto_downtown.png 2x" data-file-width="439" data-file-height="227" /></a>  <div class="thumbcaption"><div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:Toronto_downtown.png" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div><a href="/wiki/Downtown_Toronto" title="Downtown Toronto">Downtown Toronto</a> as seen from an <a href="/wiki/General_Dynamics_F-16_Fighting_Falcon" title="General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon">F-16 Fighting Falcon</a> during a simulated flight</div></div></div>
<p>In Google Earth 4.2, a <a href="/wiki/Flight_simulator" title="Flight simulator">flight simulator</a> was added to the application. It was originally a <a href="/wiki/Easter_egg_(media)#Software-based" title="Easter egg (media)">hidden feature</a> when introduced in 2007, but starting with 4.3, it was given a labeled option in the menu. In addition to keyboard control, the simulator can be controlled with a mouse or joystick.<sup id="cite_ref-44" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-44">[44]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-45" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-45">[45]</a></sup> The simulator also runs with animation, allowing objects such as planes to animate while on the simulator.<sup id="cite_ref-46" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-46">[46]</a></sup>
</p><p>Another flight simulator, <a href="/wiki/GeoFS" title="GeoFS">GeoFS</a>, was created under the name GEFS-Online using the Google Earth Plug-in <a href="/wiki/API" class="mw-redirect" title="API">API</a> to operate within a <a href="/wiki/Web_browser" title="Web browser">web browser</a>. As of September 1, 2015, the program now uses the open-source program CesiumJS, due to the Google Earth Plug-in being discontinued.<sup id="cite_ref-47" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-47">[47]</a></sup>
</p>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Liquid_Galaxy">Liquid Galaxy</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Google_Earth&action=edit&section=12" title="Edit section: Liquid Galaxy">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<div role="note" class="hatnote navigation-not-searchable">Main article: <a href="/wiki/Liquid_Galaxy" title="Liquid Galaxy">Liquid Galaxy</a></div>
<p>Liquid Galaxy is a cluster of computers running Google Earth creating an <a href="/wiki/Immersive_technology" title="Immersive technology">immersive experience</a>. On September 30, 2010, Google made the configuration and schematics for their rigs public,<sup id="cite_ref-48" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-48">[48]</a></sup> placing code and setup guides on the Liquid Galaxy wiki.<sup id="cite_ref-49" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-49">[49]</a></sup> Liquid Galaxy has also been used as a panoramic photo viewer using KRpano, as well as a Google Street View viewer using Peruse-a-Rue<sup id="cite_ref-50" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-50">[50]</a></sup> Peruse-a-Rue is a method for synchronizing multiple <a href="/wiki/Google_Maps#Google_Maps_API" title="Google Maps">Maps API</a> clients.<sup id="cite_ref-51" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-51">[51]</a></sup>
</p>
<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Versions">Versions</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Google_Earth&action=edit&section=13" title="Edit section: Versions">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
<p>Google Earth has been released on <a href="/wiki/MacOS" title="MacOS">macOS</a>, <a href="/wiki/Linux" title="Linux">Linux</a>, <a href="/wiki/IOS" title="IOS">iOS</a>, and <a href="/wiki/Android_(operating_system)" title="Android (operating system)">Android</a>. The <a href="/wiki/Linux" title="Linux">Linux</a> version began with the version 4 beta of Google Earth, as a native port using the <a href="/wiki/Qt_(software)" title="Qt (software)">Qt toolkit</a>. The <a href="/wiki/Free_Software_Foundation" title="Free Software Foundation">Free Software Foundation</a> consider the development of a free compatible client for Google Earth to be a <a href="/wiki/High_Priority_Free_Software_Projects" class="mw-redirect" title="High Priority Free Software Projects">High Priority Free Software Project</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-52" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-52">[52]</a></sup> Google Earth was released for Android on February 22, 2010,<sup id="cite_ref-53" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-53">[53]</a></sup> and on iOS on October 27, 2008.<sup id="cite_ref-54" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-54">[54]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-55" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-55">[55]</a></sup> The mobile versions of Google Earth can make use of <a href="/wiki/Multi-touch" title="Multi-touch">multi-touch</a> interfaces to move on the globe, zoom or rotate the view, and allow to select the current location. An automotive version of Google Earth was made available in the 2010 <a href="/wiki/Audi_A8" title="Audi A8">Audi A8</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-56" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-56">[56]</a></sup> On February 27, 2020, Google opened up its web-based version of Earth to browsers like Firefox, Edge, and Opera.<sup id="cite_ref-57" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-57">[57]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-58" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-58">[58]</a></sup>
</p>
<table class="wikitable sortable" style="font-size:95%;">
<caption>Version history
</caption>
<tbody><tr>
<th style="width:8%">Version
</th>
<th style="width:10%">Release date
</th>
<th style="width:82%;">Changes
</th></tr>
<tr>
<td>1.0
</td>
<td>July 2001
</td>
<td>
</td></tr>
<tr>
<td>1.4
</td>
<td>January 2002
</td>
<td>
</td></tr>
<tr>
<td>1.6
</td>
<td>February 2003
</td>
<td>
</td></tr>
<tr>
<td>1.7.2
</td>
<td>October 2003
</td>
<td>
</td></tr>
<tr>
<td>2.2
</td>
<td>August 2004
</td>
<td>
</td></tr>
<tr>
<td>3.0
</td>
<td>June 2005
</td>
<td>
<ul><li>The first version was released after Google acquired Keyhole, Inc.</li></ul>
</td></tr>
<tr>
<td>4.0
</td>
<td>June 2006
</td>
<td>
</td></tr>
<tr>
<td>4.1
</td>
<td>May 2007
</td>
<td>
</td></tr>
<tr>
<td>4.2
</td>
<td>August 2007
</td>
<td>
<ul><li>Google Sky was introduced</li>
<li>A flight simulator was added</li></ul>
</td></tr>
<tr>
<td>4.3
</td>
<td>April 2008
</td>
<td>
<ul><li>First release to implement KML version 2.2</li>
<li>Google Street View was added</li></ul>
</td></tr>
<tr>
<td>5.0
</td>
<td>May 2009
</td>
<td>
<ul><li>Google Ocean was introduced</li>
<li>Historical Imagery was introduced</li></ul>
</td></tr>
<tr>
<td>5.1
</td>
<td>November 2009
</td>
<td>
</td></tr>
<tr>
<td>5.2
</td>
<td>July 2010
</td>
<td>
<ul><li>Last version to support Mac OS X 10.4 Tiger (PPC & Intel) and 10.5 Leopard (PPC)</li></ul>
</td></tr>
<tr>
<td>6.0
</td>
<td>March 2011
</td>
<td>
<ul><li>3D Trees were added</li></ul>
</td></tr>
<tr>
<td>6.1
</td>
<td>October 2011
</td>
<td>
</td></tr>
<tr>
<td>6.2
</td>
<td>April 2012
</td>
<td>
<ul><li>Last version to support Mac OS X 10.5 Leopard (Intel)</li></ul>
</td></tr>
<tr>
<td>7.0
</td>
<td>December 2012
</td>
<td>
<ul><li>Support for 3D Imagery data was introduced</li>
<li>Tour Guide was introduced</li></ul>
</td></tr>
<tr>
<td>7.1
</td>
<td>April 2013
</td>
<td>
<ul><li>Last version to support Mac OS X 10.6 Snow Leopard and Mac OS X 10.7 Lion</li></ul>
</td></tr>
<tr>
<td>7.3
</td>
<td>July 2017
</td>
<td>
<ul><li>Google Earth Pro became the standard version of the desktop program. (A free license key was also publicly provided by Google for all the earlier Pro versions.) <sup id="cite_ref-59" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-59">[59]</a></sup></li></ul>
</td></tr>
<tr>
<td>9.0
</td>
<td>April 2017
</td>
<td>
<ul><li>An entirely redesigned version of the program; Currently only available for Google Chrome and Android. The desktop application continues to be Google Earth Pro, with regular updates.</li></ul>
</td></tr>
</tbody></table>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Google_Earth_Pro">Google Earth Pro</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Google_Earth&action=edit&section=14" title="Edit section: Google Earth Pro">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<div class="thumb tright"><div class="thumbinner" style="width:246px;"><a href="/wiki/File:Google_Earth.png" class="image"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/0/0b/Google_Earth.png" decoding="async" width="244" height="406" class="thumbimage" data-file-width="244" data-file-height="406" /></a>  <div class="thumbcaption"><div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:Google_Earth.png" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div>Google Earth running on <a href="/wiki/Android_(operating_system)" title="Android (operating system)">Android</a></div></div></div>
<p>Google Earth Pro was originally the business-oriented upgrade to Google Earth, with features such as a movie maker and data importer. Up until late January 2015, it was available for $399/year, though Google decided to make it free to the public.<sup id="cite_ref-60" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-60">[60]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-61" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-61">[61]</a></sup> Google Earth Pro is currently the standard version of the Google Earth desktop application as of version 7.3.<sup id="cite_ref-62" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-62">[62]</a></sup> The Pro version includes add-on software for movie making, advanced printing, and precise measurements, and is currently available for Windows, Mac OS X 10.8 or later, and Linux.<sup id="cite_ref-63" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-63">[63]</a></sup>
</p>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Google_Earth_Plus">Google Earth Plus</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Google_Earth&action=edit&section=15" title="Edit section: Google Earth Plus">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<p>Discontinued in December 2008, Google Earth Plus was a paid subscription upgrade to Google Earth that provided customers with the following features, most of which have become available in the free Google Earth.<sup id="cite_ref-64" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-64">[64]</a></sup> One such feature was GPS integration, which allowed users to read tracks and waypoints from a <a href="/wiki/Global_Positioning_System" title="Global Positioning System">GPS</a> device. A variety of third-party applications have been created which provide this functionality using the basic version of Google Earth by generating KML or KMZ files based on user-specified or user-recorded waypoints.
</p>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Google_Earth_Enterprise">Google Earth Enterprise</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Google_Earth&action=edit&section=16" title="Edit section: Google Earth Enterprise">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<p>Google Earth Enterprise is designed for use by organizations whose businesses could take advantage of the program's capabilities, for example by having a globe that holds company data available for anyone in that company.<sup id="cite_ref-65" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-65">[65]</a></sup> As of March 20, 2015, Google has retired the Google Earth Enterprise product, with support ended on March 22, 2017.<sup id="cite_ref-66" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-66">[66]</a></sup> Google Earth Enterprise allowed developers to create maps and 3D globes for private use, and host them through the platform. GEE Fusion, GEE Server, and GEE Portable Server source code was published on GitHub under the Apache2 license in March 2017.<sup id="cite_ref-67" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-67">[67]</a></sup>
</p>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Google_Earth_9">Google Earth 9</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Google_Earth&action=edit&section=17" title="Edit section: Google Earth 9">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<p>Google Earth 9 is a version of Google Earth first released on April 18, 2017, having been in development for two years.<sup id="cite_ref-68" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-68">[68]</a></sup> The main feature of this version was the launching of a new web version of Google Earth, which is currently only available for <a href="/wiki/Google_Chrome" title="Google Chrome">Google Chrome</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-:1_69-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-:1-69">[69]</a></sup> This version added the "Voyager" feature, whereby users can view a portal page containing guided tours led by scientists and documentarians.<sup id="cite_ref-:0_70-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-:0-70">[70]</a></sup> The version also added an "I'm Feeling Lucky" button, represented by a die, which takes the user to a random location on earth along with showing them a "Knowledge Card" containing a short excerpt from the location's Wikipedia article.<sup id="cite_ref-:0_70-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-:0-70">[70]</a></sup>
</p>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Google_Earth_Plug-in">Google Earth Plug-in</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Google_Earth&action=edit&section=18" title="Edit section: Google Earth Plug-in">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<p>The Google Earth API was a free beta service, allowing users to place a version of Google Earth into web pages. The API enabled sophisticated 3D map applications to be built.<sup id="cite_ref-71" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-71">[71]</a></sup> At its unveiling at Google's 2008 I/O developer conference, the company showcased potential applications such as a game where the player controlled a milktruck atop a Google Earth surface.<sup id="cite_ref-72" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-72">[72]</a></sup> The Google Earth API has been deprecated as of December 15, 2014 and remained supported until December 15, 2015.<sup id="cite_ref-73" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-73">[73]</a></sup> Google Chrome ended support for the <a href="/wiki/NPAPI" title="NPAPI">Netscape Plugin API</a> (which the Google Earth API relies on) by the end of 2016.<sup id="cite_ref-74" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-74">[74]</a></sup>
</p>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Google_Earth_VR">Google Earth VR</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Google_Earth&action=edit&section=19" title="Edit section: Google Earth VR">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<p>On November 16, 2016, Google released a <a href="/wiki/Virtual_reality" title="Virtual reality">virtual reality</a> version of Google Earth for <a href="/wiki/Valve_Corporation" title="Valve Corporation">Valve</a>'s <a href="/wiki/Steam_(service)" title="Steam (service)">Steam</a> computer gaming platform.<sup id="cite_ref-75" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-75">[75]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-76" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-76">[76]</a></sup> Google Earth VR allows users to navigate using VR controllers, and is currently compatible with the <a href="/wiki/Oculus_Rift" title="Oculus Rift">Oculus Rift</a> and <a href="/wiki/HTC_Vive" title="HTC Vive">HTC Vive</a> <a href="/wiki/Virtual_reality_headset" title="Virtual reality headset">virtual reality headsets</a>. On September 14, 2017, as part of Google Earth VR's 1.4 update, Google added Street View support.<sup id="cite_ref-77" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-77">[77]</a></sup>
</p>
<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Google_Earth_Outreach">Google Earth Outreach</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Google_Earth&action=edit&section=20" title="Edit section: Google Earth Outreach">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
<p><b>Google Earth Outreach</b> is a charity program, through which Google promotes and donates to various non-profit organizations. Beginning in 2007, donations are often accompanied by layers featured in Google Earth, allowing users to view a non-profit's projects and goals by navigating to certain related locations.<sup id="cite_ref-78" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-78">[78]</a></sup> Google Earth Outreach offers online training on using Google Earth and Google Maps for public education on issues affecting local regions or the entire globe. In June 2008, training was given to 20 indigenous tribes in the Amazon rainforest, such as the <a href="/wiki/Paiter" title="Paiter">Suruí</a>, to help them preserve their culture and raise awareness for the problem of deforestation.<sup id="cite_ref-79" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-79">[79]</a></sup>
</p><p>Non-profit organizations featured in Google Earth via the Outreach program include <a href="/wiki/Arkive" class="mw-redirect" title="Arkive">Arkive</a>, the <a href="/wiki/Global_Heritage_Fund" title="Global Heritage Fund">Global Heritage Fund</a>, <a href="/wiki/WaterAid" title="WaterAid">WaterAid</a>, and the <a href="/wiki/World_Wide_Fund_for_Nature" title="World Wide Fund for Nature">World Wide Fund for Nature</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-80" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-80">[80]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-81" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-81">[81]</a></sup>
</p>
<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Google_Earth_Engine">Google Earth Engine</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Google_Earth&action=edit&section=21" title="Edit section: Google Earth Engine">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
<p><b>Google Earth Engine</b> is a <a href="/wiki/Cloud_computing" title="Cloud computing">cloud computing</a> platform for processing <a href="/wiki/Satellite_imagery" title="Satellite imagery">satellite imagery</a> and other geospatial and observation data. It provides access to a large database of satellite imagery and the computational power needed to analyze those images.<sup id="cite_ref-Timothy_Gardner_82-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Timothy_Gardner-82">[82]</a></sup> Google Earth Engine allows observation of dynamic changes in agriculture, natural resources, and climate using geospatial data from the <a href="/wiki/Landsat" class="mw-redirect" title="Landsat">Landsat</a> satellite program, which <a href="/wiki/Ground_track" title="Ground track">passes over</a> the same places on the Earth every sixteen days.<sup id="cite_ref-googleearthengine_83-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-googleearthengine-83">[83]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-84" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-84">[84]</a></sup> Google Earth Engine has become a platform that makes Landsat and Sentinel-2 data easily accessible to researchers in collaboration with the Google Cloud Storage.<sup id="cite_ref-googleearthengine_83-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-googleearthengine-83">[83]</a></sup> Google Earth Engine provides a data catalog along with computers for analysis; this allows scientists to collaborate using data, algorithms, and visualizations.<sup id="cite_ref-85" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-85">[85]</a></sup> The platform uses Python and Javascript application programming interfaces for making requests to the servers.<sup id="cite_ref-86" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-86">[86]</a></sup>
</p><p>Google Earth Engine has been used multiple times as a tool for tracking <a href="/wiki/Deforestation" title="Deforestation">deforestation</a>. Initial applications of the engine have included mapping the forests of <a href="/wiki/Mexico" title="Mexico">Mexico</a>, identifying water in the <a href="/wiki/Congo_basin" class="mw-redirect" title="Congo basin">Congo basin</a>, and detecting deforestation in the <a href="/wiki/Amazon_rainforest" title="Amazon rainforest">Amazon rainforest</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-Antonio_Regalado_87-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Antonio_Regalado-87">[87]</a></sup> Using Google Earth Engine to track global forest loss or gain, the <a href="/wiki/University_of_Maryland" class="mw-redirect" title="University of Maryland">University of Maryland</a> reported an overall loss in global forest cover.<sup id="cite_ref-88" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-88">[88]</a></sup> The <a href="/wiki/Carnegie_Mellon_University" title="Carnegie Mellon University">Carnegie Institute for Science's</a> CLASlite system and <a href="/wiki/Imazon" title="Imazon">Imazon</a>’s Sisteme de Alerta de Deforesation (SAD) are two institutions that partnered with Google in the development of Google Earth Engine. Both organizations use the program to build maps of forests that measure environmental disturbances.<sup id="cite_ref-89" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-89">[89]</a></sup> Additionally, Google Earth Engine has been expanded to further applications. These include: Tiger Habitat Monitoring,<sup id="cite_ref-90" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-90">[90]</a></sup> Malaria Risk Mapping,<sup id="cite_ref-91" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-91">[91]</a></sup> Global Surface Water,<sup id="cite_ref-92" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-92">[92]</a></sup> and increases in vegetation around Mount Everest.<sup id="cite_ref-93" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-93">[93]</a></sup>
</p>
<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Controversy_and_criticism">Controversy and criticism</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Google_Earth&action=edit&section=22" title="Edit section: Controversy and criticism">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
<div role="note" class="hatnote navigation-not-searchable">Further information: <a href="/wiki/List_of_satellite_map_images_with_missing_or_unclear_data" title="List of satellite map images with missing or unclear data">List of satellite map images with missing or unclear data</a></div>
<p>The software has been criticized by a number of <a href="/wiki/Special_interest_group" class="mw-redirect" title="Special interest group">special interest groups</a>, including national officials, as being an <a href="/wiki/Invasion_of_privacy" class="mw-redirect" title="Invasion of privacy">invasion of privacy</a> or posing a threat to <a href="/wiki/National_security" title="National security">national security</a>. The typical argument is that the software provides information about military or other critical installations that could be used by terrorists. Google Earth has been blocked by Google in Iran<sup id="cite_ref-iranban_94-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-iranban-94">[94]</a></sup> and Sudan<sup id="cite_ref-sudanban_95-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-sudanban-95">[95]</a></sup> since 2007, due to United States government export restrictions. The program has also been blocked in Morocco since 2006 by Maroc Telecom, a major service provider in the country.<sup id="cite_ref-Morocco_censorship_96-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Morocco_censorship-96">[96]</a></sup>
</p>
<div class="thumb tright"><div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a href="/wiki/File:Royal_Stables.jpg" class="image"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/6/68/Royal_Stables.jpg/220px-Royal_Stables.jpg" decoding="async" width="220" height="145" class="thumbimage" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/6/68/Royal_Stables.jpg/330px-Royal_Stables.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/6/68/Royal_Stables.jpg 2x" data-file-width="389" data-file-height="256" /></a>  <div class="thumbcaption"><div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:Royal_Stables.jpg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div>Blurred out image of the Royal Stables in <a href="/wiki/The_Hague" title="The Hague">The Hague</a>, Netherlands. This has since been partially lifted.</div></div></div>
<p>In the academic realm, increasing attention has been devoted to both Google Earth and its place in the development of digital globes. In particular, the International Journal of Digital Earth features multiple articles evaluating and comparing the development of Google Earth and its differences when compared to other professional, scientific, and governmental platforms.<sup id="cite_ref-97" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-97">[97]</a></sup> Google Earth's role in the expansion of "earth observing media" has been examined for its role in shaping a shared cultural consciousness regarding climate change and humanity's capacity to treat the earth as an engineerable object.<sup id="cite_ref-98" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-98">[98]</a></sup>
</p>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Defense">Defense</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Google_Earth&action=edit&section=23" title="Edit section: Defense">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<ul><li>In 2006, one user spotted a large topographical replica in a remote region of China. The model is a small-scale (1/500) version of the <a href="/wiki/Karakoram" title="Karakoram">Karakoram</a> Mountain Range, which is under the control of China but claimed by India. When later confirmed as a replica of this region, spectators began entertaining military implications.<sup id="cite_ref-SMHChinaModel_99-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-SMHChinaModel-99">[99]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-IndianExpressChinaModel_100-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-IndianExpressChinaModel-100">[100]</a></sup></li>
<li>In July 2007, it was reported that a new <a href="/wiki/People%27s_Liberation_Army_Navy" title="People's Liberation Army Navy">Chinese Navy</a> <a href="/wiki/Jin-class_submarine" title="Jin-class submarine">Jin-class</a> <a href="/wiki/Nuclear_weapon" title="Nuclear weapon">nuclear</a> <a href="/wiki/Ballistic_missile" title="Ballistic missile">ballistic missile</a> <a href="/wiki/Submarine" title="Submarine">submarine</a> was photographed at the Xiaopingdao Submarine Base south of <a href="/wiki/Dalian" title="Dalian">Dalian</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-101" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-101">[101]</a></sup></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Hamas" title="Hamas">Hamas</a> and the <a href="/wiki/Al-Aqsa_Martyrs%27_Brigades" title="Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades">al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades</a> have reportedly used Google Earth to plan <a href="/wiki/Qassam_rocket" title="Qassam rocket">Qassam rocket</a> attacks on Israel from Gaza (See: <a href="/wiki/Palestinian_rocket_attacks_on_Israel" title="Palestinian rocket attacks on Israel">Palestinian rocket attacks on Israel</a>.)<sup id="cite_ref-102" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-102">[102]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-103" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-103">[103]</a></sup></li>
<li>On February 13, 2019, 3D imagery was launched in four of <a href="/wiki/Taiwan" title="Taiwan">Taiwan</a>'s <a href="/wiki/List_of_administrative_divisions_of_Taiwan" title="List of administrative divisions of Taiwan">cities</a>: <a href="/wiki/Taipei" title="Taipei">Taipei</a>, <a href="/wiki/New_Taipei_City" title="New Taipei City">New Taipei</a>, <a href="/wiki/Taoyuan,_Taiwan" title="Taoyuan, Taiwan">Taoyuan</a>, and <a href="/wiki/Taichung" title="Taichung">Taichung</a>. This has caused concerns from Taiwanese officials, such as Taiwan's <a href="/wiki/Ministry_of_National_Defense_(Republic_of_China)" title="Ministry of National Defense (Republic of China)">Defense Minister</a> <a href="/wiki/Yen_Teh-fa" title="Yen Teh-fa">Yen Teh-fa</a>, saying that the 3D imagery exposed some of its <a href="/wiki/MIM-104_Patriot" title="MIM-104 Patriot">Patriot</a> missile sites. Ten days later on February 23, Google confirmed that it would be removing all of its 3D imagery from Taiwan.<sup id="cite_ref-104" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-104">[104]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-105" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-105">[105]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-106" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-106">[106]</a></sup></li></ul>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="National_security">National security</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Google_Earth&action=edit&section=24" title="Edit section: National security">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<ul><li>Former <a href="/wiki/President_of_India" title="President of India">President</a> of India <a href="/wiki/A._P._J._Abdul_Kalam" title="A. P. J. Abdul Kalam">A. P. J. Abdul Kalam</a> expressed concern over the availability of high-resolution pictures of sensitive locations in India.<sup id="cite_ref-IndianPresCrit_107-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-IndianPresCrit-107">[107]</a></sup> Google subsequently agreed to censor such sites.<sup id="cite_ref-108" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-108">[108]</a></sup></li>
<li>The <a href="/wiki/Indian_Space_Research_Organisation" title="Indian Space Research Organisation">Indian Space Research Organisation</a> said Google Earth poses a security threat to India, and seeks dialogue with Google officials.<sup id="cite_ref-ISROCrit_109-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-ISROCrit-109">[109]</a></sup></li>
<li>The <a href="/wiki/South_Korea" title="South Korea">South Korean</a> government expressed concern that the software offers images of the <a href="/wiki/Blue_House" title="Blue House">presidential palace</a> and various military installations that could possibly be used by its hostile neighbor <a href="/wiki/North_Korea" title="North Korea">North Korea</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-SouthKoreaGovCrit_110-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-SouthKoreaGovCrit-110">[110]</a></sup></li>
<li>In 2006, Google Earth began offering detailed images of classified areas in Israel. The images showed <a href="/wiki/Israel_Defense_Forces" title="Israel Defense Forces">Israel Defense Forces</a> bases, including secret <a href="/wiki/Israeli_Air_Force" title="Israeli Air Force">Israeli Air Force</a> facilities, Israel's <a href="/wiki/Arrow_(Israeli_missile)" title="Arrow (Israeli missile)">Arrow missile</a> defense system, military headquarters and Defense Ministry compound in <a href="/wiki/Tel_Aviv" title="Tel Aviv">Tel Aviv</a>, a top-secret power station near <a href="/wiki/Ashkelon" title="Ashkelon">Ashkelon</a>, and the <a href="/wiki/Negev_Nuclear_Research_Center" class="mw-redirect" title="Negev Nuclear Research Center">Negev Nuclear Research Center</a>. Also shown was the alleged headquarters of <a href="/wiki/Mossad" title="Mossad">Mossad</a>, Israel's foreign intelligence service, whose location is highly classified.<sup id="cite_ref-111" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-111">[111]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-112" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-112">[112]</a></sup></li>
<li>As a result of pressure from the <a href="/wiki/United_States_government" class="mw-redirect" title="United States government">United States government</a>, the residence of the <a href="/wiki/Vice_President_of_the_United_States" title="Vice President of the United States">Vice President</a> at <a href="/wiki/Number_One_Observatory_Circle" title="Number One Observatory Circle">Number One Observatory Circle</a> was obscured through <a href="/wiki/Pixelization" title="Pixelization">pixelization</a> in Google Earth and <a href="/wiki/Google_Maps" title="Google Maps">Google Maps</a> in 2006, but this restriction has since been lifted. The usefulness of this downgrade is questionable, as high-resolution photos and aerial surveys of the property are readily available on the Internet elsewhere.<sup id="cite_ref-113" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-113">[113]</a></sup> <a href="/wiki/Capitol_Hill" title="Capitol Hill">Capitol Hill</a> also used to be pixelized in this way. The Royal Stables in <a href="/wiki/The_Hague" title="The Hague">The Hague</a>, <a href="/wiki/Netherlands" title="Netherlands">Netherlands</a> also used to be pixelized, and are still pixelized at high zoom levels. This is also true for airports in Greece.</li>
<li>The lone surviving gunman involved in the <a href="/wiki/2008_Mumbai_attacks" title="2008 Mumbai attacks">2008 Mumbai attacks</a> admitted to using Google Earth to familiarise himself with the locations of buildings used in the attacks.<sup id="cite_ref-114" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-114">[114]</a></sup></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Michael_Finton" title="Michael Finton">Michael Finton</a>, aka Talib Islam, used Google Earth in planning his attempted September 24, 2009, bombing of the Paul Findley Federal Building and the adjacent offices of Congressman <a href="/wiki/Aaron_Schock" title="Aaron Schock">Aaron Schock</a> in <a href="/wiki/Springfield,_Illinois" title="Springfield, Illinois">Springfield, Illinois</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-115" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-115">[115]</a></sup></li></ul>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Other_concerns">Other concerns</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Google_Earth&action=edit&section=25" title="Edit section: Other concerns">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<ul><li>Operators of the <a href="/wiki/Open-pool_Australian_lightwater_reactor" title="Open-pool Australian lightwater reactor">Lucas Heights nuclear reactor</a> in <a href="/wiki/Sydney" title="Sydney">Sydney</a>, <a href="/wiki/New_South_Wales" title="New South Wales">New South Wales</a>, Australia asked Google to censor high-resolution pictures of the facility.<sup id="cite_ref-ABCAUNukeFears_116-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-ABCAUNukeFears-116">[116]</a></sup> They later withdrew the request.<sup id="cite_ref-SearchViewsAussieNukeReqDropped_117-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-SearchViewsAussieNukeReqDropped-117">[117]</a></sup></li>
<li>In 2009, Google superimposed old woodblock prints of maps from 18th- and 19th-century Japan over Japan today. These maps marked areas inhabited by the <i><a href="/wiki/Burakumin" title="Burakumin">burakumin</a></i> caste, who were considered "non-humans" for their "dirty" occupations, including <a href="/wiki/Leather_tanning" class="mw-redirect" title="Leather tanning">leather tanning</a> and <a href="/wiki/Butchery" class="mw-redirect" title="Butchery">butchery</a>. Descendants of members of the burakumin caste still face discrimination today and many Japanese people feared that some would use these areas, labeled <i>etamura</i> (穢多村, <i>translation: "village of an abundance of defilement""</i>), to target current inhabitants of them. These maps are still visible on Google Earth, but with the label removed where necessary.<sup id="cite_ref-118" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-118">[118]</a></sup></li>
<li>Late 2000s versions of Google Earth require a software component running in the background that will automatically download and install updates. Several users expressed concerns that there is not an easy way to disable this updater, as it runs without the permission of the user.<sup id="cite_ref-119" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-119">[119]</a></sup></li></ul>
<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="See_also">See also</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Google_Earth&action=edit&section=26" title="Edit section: See also">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Orthophotomap" class="mw-redirect" title="Orthophotomap">Orthophotomap</a>, the type of aerial and satellite imagery present in Google Earth</li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Virtual_globe" title="Virtual globe">Virtual globe</a>, the category of software that includes Google Earth</li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Web_mapping" title="Web mapping">Web mapping</a></li></ul>
<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="References">References</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Google_Earth&action=edit&section=27" title="Edit section: References">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
<div class="reflist columns references-column-width" style="-moz-column-width: 30em; -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">
<ol class="references">
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<li id="cite_note-3"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-3">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.apkmirror.com/apk/google-inc/earth/">"Google Earth APKs"</a>. <i>APKMirror</i><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">October 1,</span> 2019</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=unknown&rft.jtitle=APKMirror&rft.atitle=Google+Earth+APKs&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.apkmirror.com%2Fapk%2Fgoogle-inc%2Fearth%2F&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle+Earth" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"/></span>
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<li id="cite_note-4"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-4">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://apps.apple.com/app/id293622097">"‎Google Earth"</a>. <i>App Store</i><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">October 14,</span> 2019</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=unknown&rft.jtitle=App+Store&rft.atitle=%E2%80%8EGoogle+Earth&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fapps.apple.com%2Fapp%2Fid293622097&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle+Earth" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"/></span>
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<li id="cite_note-5"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-5">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">
<cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://support.google.com/earth/answer/40901?hl=en&ref_topic=2376010">"Google Earth Release Notes"</a>. Google<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">November 1,</span> 2013</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=unknown&rft.btitle=Google+Earth+Release+Notes&rft.pub=Google&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fsupport.google.com%2Fearth%2Fanswer%2F40901%3Fhl%3Den%26ref_topic%3D2376010&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle+Earth" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"/></span>
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<li id="cite_note-kilday-6"><span class="mw-cite-backlink">^ <a href="#cite_ref-kilday_6-0"><sup><i><b>a</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-kilday_6-1"><sup><i><b>b</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-kilday_6-2"><sup><i><b>c</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-kilday_6-3"><sup><i><b>d</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-kilday_6-4"><sup><i><b>e</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-kilday_6-5"><sup><i><b>f</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-kilday_6-6"><sup><i><b>g</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-kilday_6-7"><sup><i><b>h</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-kilday_6-8"><sup><i><b>i</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-kilday_6-9"><sup><i><b>j</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-kilday_6-10"><sup><i><b>k</b></i></sup></a></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation book">Bill Kilday (2018). <i>Never Lost Again: The Google Mapping Revolution That Sparked New Industries and Augmented Our Reality</i>. HarperBusiness. <a href="/wiki/International_Standard_Book_Number" title="International Standard Book Number">ISBN</a> <a href="/wiki/Special:BookSources/978-0062673046" title="Special:BookSources/978-0062673046"><bdi>978-0062673046</bdi></a>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=book&rft.btitle=Never+Lost+Again%3A+The+Google+Mapping+Revolution+That+Sparked+New+Industries+and+Augmented+Our+Reality&rft.pub=HarperBusiness&rft.date=2018&rft.isbn=978-0062673046&rft.au=Bill+Kilday&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle+Earth" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"/></span>
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<li id="cite_note-awes-7"><span class="mw-cite-backlink">^ <a href="#cite_ref-awes_7-0"><sup><i><b>a</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-awes_7-1"><sup><i><b>b</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-awes_7-2"><sup><i><b>c</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-awes_7-3"><sup><i><b>d</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-awes_7-4"><sup><i><b>e</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-awes_7-5"><sup><i><b>f</b></i></sup></a></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation news">Kevin Manney (March 21, 2003). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.usatoday.com/tech/news/techinnovations/2003-03-20-earthviewer_x.htm">"Tiny tech company awes viewers"</a>. <i>USA Today</i>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=article&rft.jtitle=USA+Today&rft.atitle=Tiny+tech+company+awes+viewers&rft.date=2003-03-21&rft.au=Kevin+Manney&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.usatoday.com%2Ftech%2Fnews%2Ftechinnovations%2F2003-03-20-earthviewer_x.htm&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle+Earth" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"/></span>
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<li id="cite_note-8"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-8">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation magazine"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20130605121646/http://www.businessweek.com/stories/2005-05-09/meet-the-cias-venture-capitalist">"Meet The CIA's Venture Capitalist"</a>. <i><a href="/wiki/Bloomberg_Businessweek" title="Bloomberg Businessweek">Bloomberg Businessweek</a></i>. Archived from <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.businessweek.com/stories/2005-05-09/meet-the-cias-venture-capitalist">the original</a> on June 5, 2013.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=article&rft.jtitle=Bloomberg+Businessweek&rft.atitle=Meet+The+CIA%27s+Venture+Capitalist&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.businessweek.com%2Fstories%2F2005-05-09%2Fmeet-the-cias-venture-capitalist&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle+Earth" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"/></span>
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<li id="cite_note-pandooakland-9"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-pandooakland_9-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://pando.com/2014/03/07/the-google-military-surveillance-complex/">"Oakland emails give another glimpse into the Google-Military-Surveillance Complex"</a>. <a href="/wiki/PandoDaily" title="PandoDaily">PandoDaily</a>. March 7, 2014.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=unknown&rft.btitle=Oakland+emails+give+another+glimpse+into+the+Google-Military-Surveillance+Complex&rft.pub=PandoDaily&rft.date=2014-03-07&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fpando.com%2F2014%2F03%2F07%2Fthe-google-military-surveillance-complex%2F&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle+Earth" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"/></span>
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<li id="cite_note-10"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-10">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB109888284313557107">"Google Acquires Keyhole"</a>. <i>Wall Street Journal</i>. October 27, 2004<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">December 3,</span> 2017</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=article&rft.jtitle=Wall+Street+Journal&rft.atitle=Google+Acquires+Keyhole&rft.date=2004-10-27&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.wsj.com%2Farticles%2FSB109888284313557107&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle+Earth" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"/></span>
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<li id="cite_note-11"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-11">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://support.google.com/earth/answer/6327779?hl=en">"How images are collected"</a><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">August 6,</span> 2017</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=unknown&rft.btitle=How+images+are+collected&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fsupport.google.com%2Fearth%2Fanswer%2F6327779%3Fhl%3Den&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle+Earth" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"/></span>
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<li id="cite_note-12"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-12">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170807072341/https://landsat.usgs.gov/slc-products-background">"SLC-off Products: Background"</a>. United States Geological Survey. Archived from <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://landsat.usgs.gov/slc-products-background">the original</a> on August 7, 2017<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">August 6,</span> 2017</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=unknown&rft.btitle=SLC-off+Products%3A+Background&rft.pub=United+States+Geological+Survey&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Flandsat.usgs.gov%2Fslc-products-background&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle+Earth" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"/></span>
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<li id="cite_note-13"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-13">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://maps.googleblog.com/2013/06/only-clear-skies-on-google-maps-and.html">"Only clear skies on Google Maps and Earth"</a>. June 26, 2013<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">August 6,</span> 2017</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=unknown&rft.btitle=Only+clear+skies+on+Google+Maps+and+Earth&rft.date=2013-06-26&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fmaps.googleblog.com%2F2013%2F06%2Fonly-clear-skies-on-google-maps-and.html&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle+Earth" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"/></span>
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<li id="cite_note-14"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-14">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://techcrunch.com/2016/06/27/google-earth-and-maps-get-sharper-satellite-imagery-with-new-update/">"Google Earth and Maps get sharper satellite imagery with new update"</a>. Tech Crunch. June 27, 2016<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">August 6,</span> 2017</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=unknown&rft.btitle=Google+Earth+and+Maps+get+sharper+satellite+imagery+with+new+update&rft.pub=Tech+Crunch&rft.date=2016-06-27&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Ftechcrunch.com%2F2016%2F06%2F27%2Fgoogle-earth-and-maps-get-sharper-satellite-imagery-with-new-update%2F&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle+Earth" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"/></span>
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<li id="cite_note-15"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-15">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation journal">Farr, Tom G.; Rosen, Paul A.; Caro, Edward; Crippen, Robert; Duren, Riley; Hensley, Scott; Kobrick, Michael; Paller, Mimi; Rodriguez, Ernesto; Roth, Ladislav; Seal, David; Shaffer, Scott; Shimada, Joanne; Umland, Jeffrey; Werner, Marian; Oskin, Michael; Burbank, Douglas; Alsdorf, Douglas (2007). "The Shuttle Radar Topography Mission". <i>Reviews of Geophysics</i>. <b>45</b> (2): RG2004. <a href="/wiki/Bibcode" title="Bibcode">Bibcode</a>:<a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007RvGeo..45.2004F">2007RvGeo..45.2004F</a>. <a href="/wiki/CiteSeerX" title="CiteSeerX">CiteSeerX</a> <span class="cs1-lock-free" title="Freely accessible"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="//citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.102.9372">10.1.1.102.9372</a></span>. <a href="/wiki/Digital_object_identifier" title="Digital object identifier">doi</a>:<a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://doi.org/10.1029%2F2005RG000183">10.1029/2005RG000183</a>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=article&rft.jtitle=Reviews+of+Geophysics&rft.atitle=The+Shuttle+Radar+Topography+Mission&rft.volume=45&rft.issue=2&rft.pages=RG2004&rft.date=2007&rft_id=%2F%2Fciteseerx.ist.psu.edu%2Fviewdoc%2Fsummary%3Fdoi%3D10.1.1.102.9372&rft_id=info%3Adoi%2F10.1029%2F2005RG000183&rft_id=info%3Abibcode%2F2007RvGeo..45.2004F&rft.aulast=Farr&rft.aufirst=Tom+G.&rft.au=Rosen%2C+Paul+A.&rft.au=Caro%2C+Edward&rft.au=Crippen%2C+Robert&rft.au=Duren%2C+Riley&rft.au=Hensley%2C+Scott&rft.au=Kobrick%2C+Michael&rft.au=Paller%2C+Mimi&rft.au=Rodriguez%2C+Ernesto&rft.au=Roth%2C+Ladislav&rft.au=Seal%2C+David&rft.au=Shaffer%2C+Scott&rft.au=Shimada%2C+Joanne&rft.au=Umland%2C+Jeffrey&rft.au=Werner%2C+Marian&rft.au=Oskin%2C+Michael&rft.au=Burbank%2C+Douglas&rft.au=Alsdorf%2C+Douglas&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle+Earth" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"/></span>
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<li id="cite_note-16"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-16">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://earth.google.com/support/bin/answer.py?answer=21422">"Can I post images to the web?"</a>. Google Earth Help Center.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=unknown&rft.btitle=Can+I+post+images+to+the+web%3F&rft.pub=Google+Earth+Help+Center&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fearth.google.com%2Fsupport%2Fbin%2Fanswer.py%3Fanswer%3D21422&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle+Earth" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"/></span>
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<li id="cite_note-Dive_into_New_Google_Earth-17"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-Dive_into_New_Google_Earth_17-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://googleblog.blogspot.com/2009/02/dive-into-new-google-earth.html">"Dive into New Google Earth"</a><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">February 3,</span> 2009</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=unknown&rft.btitle=Dive+into+New+Google+Earth&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fgoogleblog.blogspot.com%2F2009%2F02%2Fdive-into-new-google-earth.html&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle+Earth" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"/></span>
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<li id="cite_note-18"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-18">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">“Timelapse.” <i>Google Earth Engine</i>, earthengine.google.com/timelapse/.</span>
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<li id="cite_note-19"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-19">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://maps.googleblog.com/2009/10/introducing-google-building-maker.html">"Introducing Google Building Maker"</a><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">July 24,</span> 2016</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=unknown&rft.btitle=Introducing+Google+Building+Maker&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fmaps.googleblog.com%2F2009%2F10%2Fintroducing-google-building-maker.html&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle+Earth" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"/></span>
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<li id="cite_note-20"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-20">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://google-latlong.blogspot.ca/2012/10/explore-world-with-tour-guide-and-3d.html">"Explore the world with tour guide and 3D imagery in Google Earth 7"</a>. Google LatLong Blog<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">July 24,</span> 2016</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=unknown&rft.btitle=Explore+the+world+with+tour+guide+and+3D+imagery+in+Google+Earth+7&rft.pub=Google+LatLong+Blog&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fgoogle-latlong.blogspot.ca%2F2012%2F10%2Fexplore-world-with-tour-guide-and-3d.html&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle+Earth" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"/></span>
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<li id="cite_note-21"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-21">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://venturebeat.com/2012/10/31/google-earth-adds-new-3d-imagery-in-21-cities-to-its-11000-guided-tours-of-our-planet/">"Google Earth adds new 3D imagery in 21 cities to its 11,000 guided tours of our planet"</a>. November 2012<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">July 24,</span> 2016</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=unknown&rft.btitle=Google+Earth+adds+new+3D+imagery+in+21+cities+to+its+11%2C000+guided+tours+of+our+planet&rft.date=2012-11&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fventurebeat.com%2F2012%2F10%2F31%2Fgoogle-earth-adds-new-3d-imagery-in-21-cities-to-its-11000-guided-tours-of-our-planet%2F&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle+Earth" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"/></span>
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<li id="cite_note-22"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-22">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation news"><a href="/wiki/Giles_Tremlett" title="Giles Tremlett">Giles Tremlett</a> (January 14, 2009). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2009/jan/14/museums-internet-google-earth-prado">"Online gallery zooms in on Prado's masterpieces (even the smutty bits)"</a>. <i>The Guardian</i>. London.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=article&rft.jtitle=The+Guardian&rft.atitle=Online+gallery+zooms+in+on+Prado%27s+masterpieces+%28even+the+smutty+bits%29&rft.date=2009-01-14&rft.au=Giles+Tremlett&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.theguardian.com%2Fartanddesign%2F2009%2Fjan%2F14%2Fmuseums-internet-google-earth-prado&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle+Earth" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"/></span>
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<li id="cite_note-108"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-108">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation news">Deshpande, Rajeev (February 4, 2007). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2007-02-04/india/27872874_1_google-earth-images-concern-that-unrestricted-pictures">"Google Earth agrees to blur pix of key Indian sites"</a>. <i>The Times Of India</i>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=article&rft.jtitle=The+Times+Of+India&rft.atitle=Google+Earth+agrees+to+blur+pix+of+key+Indian+sites&rft.date=2007-02-04&rft.aulast=Deshpande&rft.aufirst=Rajeev&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Farticles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com%2F2007-02-04%2Findia%2F27872874_1_google-earth-images-concern-that-unrestricted-pictures&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle+Earth" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"/></span>
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<li id="cite_note-ISROCrit-109"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-ISROCrit_109-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.techshout.com/internet/2006/10/google-earth-poses-security-threat-to-india-isro-chief-seeks-dialogue/">"Google Earth Poses Security Threat to India, ISRO Chief seeks Dialogue"</a>. July 10, 2006<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">January 25,</span> 2007</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=unknown&rft.btitle=Google+Earth+Poses+Security+Threat+to+India%2C+ISRO+Chief+seeks+Dialogue&rft.date=2006-07-10&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.techshout.com%2Finternet%2F2006%2F10%2Fgoogle-earth-poses-security-threat-to-india-isro-chief-seeks-dialogue%2F&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle+Earth" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"/></span>
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<li id="cite_note-SouthKoreaGovCrit-110"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-SouthKoreaGovCrit_110-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20070701162623/http://www.worldtribune.com/worldtribune/TEMP/ea_skorea_09_06.html">"Google Earth images compromise secret installations in S. Korea"</a>. Archived from <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.worldtribune.com/worldtribune/TEMP/ea_skorea_09_06.html">the original</a> on July 1, 2007<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">January 25,</span> 2007</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=unknown&rft.btitle=Google+Earth+images+compromise+secret+installations+in+S.+Korea&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.worldtribune.com%2Fworldtribune%2FTEMP%2Fea_skorea_09_06.html&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle+Earth" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"/></span>
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<li id="cite_note-111"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-111">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3261490,00.html">"Google 'spying' on IDF"</a>. Ynetnews.com. June 20, 1995<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">August 6,</span> 2011</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=unknown&rft.btitle=Google+%27spying%27+on+IDF&rft.pub=Ynetnews.com&rft.date=1995-06-20&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.ynetnews.com%2Farticles%2F0%2C7340%2CL-3261490%2C00.html&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle+Earth" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"/></span>
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<li id="cite_note-112"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-112">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><a href="/wiki/Daily_Mail" title="Daily Mail">Daily Mail</a>: <i>Google Exposes Israeli Top Secret Sites</i><sup class="noprint Inline-Template"><span style="white-space: nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Link_rot" title="Wikipedia:Link rot"><span title=" Dead link since December 2018">dead link</span></a></i>]</span></sup></span>
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<li id="cite_note-113"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-113">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.eyeball-series.org/veep-eyeball.htm">"Eyeballing the US Vice Presidential Residence"</a>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=unknown&rft.btitle=Eyeballing+the+US+Vice+Presidential+Residence&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.eyeball-series.org%2Fveep-eyeball.htm&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle+Earth" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"/></span>
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<li id="cite_note-114"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-114">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation news">Bedi, Rahul (December 9, 2008). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/india/3691723/Mumbai-attacks-Indian-suit-against-Google-Earth-over-image-use-by-terrorists.html">"Mumbai attacks: Indian suit against Google Earth over image use by terrorists"</a>. Telegraph.co.uk<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">August 6,</span> 2011</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=article&rft.atitle=Mumbai+attacks%3A+Indian+suit+against+Google+Earth+over+image+use+by+terrorists&rft.date=2008-12-09&rft.aulast=Bedi&rft.aufirst=Rahul&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.telegraph.co.uk%2Fnews%2Fworldnews%2Fasia%2Findia%2F3691723%2FMumbai-attacks-Indian-suit-against-Google-Earth-over-image-use-by-terrorists.html&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle+Earth" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"/></span>
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<li id="cite_note-115"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-115">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">Gruen, Madeleine,<a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.nefafoundation.org/miscellaneous/FeaturedDocs/nefa_fintontargetamerica.pdf">"Attempt to Attack the Paul Findley Federal Building in Springfield, Illinois"</a><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20120301022613/http://www.nefafoundation.org/miscellaneous/FeaturedDocs/nefa_fintontargetamerica.pdf">Archived</a> March 1, 2012, at the <a href="/wiki/Wayback_Machine" title="Wayback Machine">Wayback Machine</a>," The <a href="/wiki/NEFA_Foundation" class="mw-redirect" title="NEFA Foundation">NEFA Foundation</a>, December 2009, accessed December 18, 2009</span>
</li>
<li id="cite_note-ABCAUNukeFears-116"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-ABCAUNukeFears_116-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20070124105253/http://www.abc.net.au/news/indepth/featureitems/s1432602.htm">"Google Earth prompts security fears"</a>. Archived from <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.abc.net.au/news/indepth/featureitems/s1432602.htm">the original</a> on January 24, 2007<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">January 25,</span> 2007</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=unknown&rft.btitle=Google+Earth+prompts+security+fears&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.abc.net.au%2Fnews%2Findepth%2Ffeatureitems%2Fs1432602.htm&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle+Earth" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"/></span>
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<li id="cite_note-SearchViewsAussieNukeReqDropped-117"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-SearchViewsAussieNukeReqDropped_117-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20061017173952/http://searchviews.com/archives/2005/08/aussie_nuclear.php">"Aussie Nuclear Reactor on Google Earth"</a>. Archived from <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://searchviews.com/archives/2005/08/aussie_nuclear.php">the original</a> on October 17, 2006<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">January 25,</span> 2007</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=unknown&rft.btitle=Aussie+Nuclear+Reactor+on+Google+Earth&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fsearchviews.com%2Farchives%2F2005%2F08%2Faussie_nuclear.php&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle+Earth" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"/></span>
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<li id="cite_note-118"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-118">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20090927080209/http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/asia/article6337499.ece">"Google Earth maps out discrimination against burakumin caste in Japan"</a>. Timesonline.co.uk. May 22, 2009. Archived from <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/asia/article6337499.ece">the original</a> on September 27, 2009<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">January 10,</span> 2018</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=article&rft.atitle=Google+Earth+maps+out+discrimination+against+burakumin+caste+in+Japan&rft.date=2009-05-22&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.timesonline.co.uk%2Ftol%2Fnews%2Fworld%2Fasia%2Farticle6337499.ece&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle+Earth" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"/></span>
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<li id="cite_note-119"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-119">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation news">Gilbertson, Scott (February 13, 2009). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.wired.com/epicenter/2009/02/why-googles-sof/">"Why Google's Software Update Tool Is Evil"</a>. <i>Wired</i>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=article&rft.jtitle=Wired&rft.atitle=Why+Google%27s+Software+Update+Tool+Is+Evil&rft.date=2009-02-13&rft.aulast=Gilbertson&rft.aufirst=Scott&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.wired.com%2Fepicenter%2F2009%2F02%2Fwhy-googles-sof%2F&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGoogle+Earth" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"/></span>
</li>
</ol></div>
<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="External_links">External links</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Google_Earth&action=edit&section=28" title="Edit section: External links">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
<table role="presentation" class="mbox-small plainlinks sistersitebox" style="background-color:#f9f9f9;border:1px solid #aaa;color:#000">
<tbody><tr>
<td class="mbox-image"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/4/4a/Commons-logo.svg/30px-Commons-logo.svg.png" decoding="async" width="30" height="40" class="noviewer" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/4/4a/Commons-logo.svg/45px-Commons-logo.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/4/4a/Commons-logo.svg/59px-Commons-logo.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1024" data-file-height="1376" /></td>
<td class="mbox-text plainlist">Wikimedia Commons has media related to <i><b><a href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Google_Earth" class="extiw" title="commons:Category:Google Earth"><span style="">Google Earth</span></a></b></i>.</td></tr>
</tbody></table>
<table class="noprint infobox" id="GeoGroup" style="width: 23em; font-size: 88%; line-height: 1.5em">

<tbody><tr>
<td><b>Map all coordinates using:</b> <a class="external text" href="//tools.wmflabs.org/osm4wiki/cgi-bin/wiki/wiki-osm.pl?project=en&article=Google_Earth">OpenStreetMap</a> 
</td></tr>
<tr>
<td><b>Download coordinates as:</b> <a class="external text" href="//tools.wmflabs.org/kmlexport?article=Google_Earth">KML</a> <b>·</b> <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://tripgang.com/kml2gpx/http%3A%2F%2Ftools.wmflabs.org%2Fkmlexport%3Farticle%3DGoogle_Earth?gpx=1">GPX</a>
</td></tr></tbody></table>
<ul><li><span class="official-website"><span class="url"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://earth.google.com">Official website</a></span></span> <a href="https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q42274#P856" title="Edit this at Wikidata"><img alt="Edit this at Wikidata" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/10px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png" decoding="async" width="10" height="10" style="vertical-align: text-top" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/15px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/20px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="20" data-file-height="20" /></a></li>
<li><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.blog.google/products/maps/">Official Google Maps and Earth blog</a></li>
<li><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.google.com/earth/outreach/index.html">Google Earth Outreach</a></li></ul>
<div role="navigation" class="navbox" aria-labelledby="Google" style="padding:3px"><table class="nowraplinks hlist mw-collapsible mw-collapsed navbox-inner" style="border-spacing:0;background:transparent;color:inherit"><tbody><tr><th scope="col" class="navbox-title" colspan="3"><div class="plainlinks hlist navbar mini"><ul><li class="nv-view"><a href="/wiki/Template:Google_LLC" title="Template:Google LLC"><abbr title="View this template" style=";;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none; padding:0;">v</abbr></a></li><li class="nv-talk"><a href="/wiki/Template_talk:Google_LLC" title="Template talk:Google LLC"><abbr title="Discuss this template" style=";;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none; padding:0;">t</abbr></a></li><li class="nv-edit"><a class="external text" href="https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Template:Google_LLC&action=edit"><abbr title="Edit this template" style=";;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none; padding:0;">e</abbr></a></li></ul></div><div id="Google" style="font-size:114%;margin:0 4em"><a href="/wiki/Google" title="Google">Google</a></div></th></tr><tr><td class="navbox-abovebelow" colspan="3"><div id="*_Alphabet_Inc._*_History_*_Outline_*_List_of_products_*_List_of_mergers_and_acquisitions">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Alphabet_Inc." title="Alphabet Inc.">Alphabet Inc.</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/History_of_Google" title="History of Google">History</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Outline_of_Google" title="Outline of Google">Outline</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/List_of_Google_products" title="List of Google products">List of products</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/List_of_mergers_and_acquisitions_by_Alphabet" title="List of mergers and acquisitions by Alphabet">List of mergers and acquisitions</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Company</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em"></div><table class="nowraplinks navbox-subgroup" style="border-spacing:0"><tbody><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Criticism</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/2018_Google_walkouts" title="2018 Google walkouts">2018 walkouts</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Censorship_by_Google" title="Censorship by Google">Censorship</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Criticism_of_Google" title="Criticism of Google">Criticism</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Dragonfly_(search_engine)" title="Dragonfly (search engine)"><i>Dragonfly</i></a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_litigation" title="Google litigation">Litigation</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Privacy_concerns_regarding_Google" title="Privacy concerns regarding Google">Privacy concerns</a>
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Google_Street_View_privacy_concerns" title="Google Street View privacy concerns">Street View</a></li></ul></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/San_Francisco_tech_bus_protests" title="San Francisco tech bus protests">San Francisco tech bus protests</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_worker_organization" title="Google worker organization">Worker organization</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Events</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li>Android
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Android_Developer_Challenge" title="Android Developer Challenge">Developer Challenge</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Android_Developer_Day" title="Android Developer Day">Developer Day</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Android_Developer_Lab" title="Android Developer Lab">Developer Lab</a></li></ul></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Doodle4Google" title="Doodle4Google">Doodle4Google</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Code-in" title="Google Code-in">Code-in</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Code_Jam" title="Google Code Jam">Code Jam</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Developer_Day" title="Google Developer Day">Developer Day</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Developers_Live" title="Google Developers Live">Developers Live</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_I/O" title="Google I/O">I/O</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Lunar_X_Prize" title="Google Lunar X Prize"><i>Lunar XPRIZE</i></a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Science_Fair" title="Google Science Fair">Science Fair</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Summer_of_Code" title="Google Summer of Code">Summer of Code</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Talks_at_Google" title="Talks at Google">Talks at Google</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Initiatives / Projects</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Google_ATAP" title="Google ATAP">ATAP</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Dragonfly_(search_engine)" title="Dragonfly (search engine)"><i>Dragonfly</i></a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Made_with_Code" title="Made with Code">Made with Code</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Project_Sunroof" title="Project Sunroof">Sunroof</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Arts_%26_Culture#Google_Cultural_Institute" title="Google Arts & Culture">Cultural Institute</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">People</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Al_Gore" title="Al Gore">Al Gore</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Alan_Eustace" title="Alan Eustace">Alan Eustace</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Alan_Mulally" title="Alan Mulally">Alan Mulally</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Amit_Singhal" title="Amit Singhal">Amit Singhal</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Ann_Mather" title="Ann Mather">Ann Mather</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/David_Drummond_(businessman)" title="David Drummond (businessman)">David Drummond</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Eric_Schmidt" title="Eric Schmidt">Eric Schmidt</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Jeff_Dean_(computer_scientist)" title="Jeff Dean (computer scientist)">Jeff Dean</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/John_Doerr" title="John Doerr">John Doerr</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/John_L._Hennessy" title="John L. Hennessy">John L. Hennessy</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Krishna_Bharat" title="Krishna Bharat">Krishna Bharat</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Matt_Cutts" title="Matt Cutts">Matt Cutts</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Patrick_Pichette" title="Patrick Pichette">Patrick Pichette</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Paul_Otellini" title="Paul Otellini">Paul Otellini</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Omid_Kordestani" title="Omid Kordestani">Omid Kordestani</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Rachel_Whetstone" title="Rachel Whetstone">Rachel Whetstone</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Rajen_Sheth" title="Rajen Sheth">Rajen Sheth</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Ram_Shriram" title="Ram Shriram">Ram Shriram</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Ray_Kurzweil" title="Ray Kurzweil">Ray Kurzweil</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Ruth_Porat" title="Ruth Porat">Ruth Porat</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Salar_Kamangar" title="Salar Kamangar">Salar Kamangar</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Sanjay_Ghemawat" title="Sanjay Ghemawat">Sanjay Ghemawat</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Shirley_M._Tilghman" title="Shirley M. Tilghman">Shirley M. Tilghman</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Sundar_Pichai" title="Sundar Pichai">Sundar Pichai</a> (CEO)</li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Susan_Wojcicki" title="Susan Wojcicki">Susan Wojcicki</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Urs_H%C3%B6lzle" title="Urs Hölzle">Urs Hölzle</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Vint_Cerf" title="Vint Cerf">Vint Cerf</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Hal_Varian" title="Hal Varian">Hal Varian</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Real Estates</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/111_Eighth_Avenue" title="111 Eighth Avenue">111 Eighth Avenue</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Chelsea_Market" title="Chelsea Market">Chelsea Market</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Googleplex" title="Googleplex">Googleplex</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_data_centers" title="Google data centers">Data centers</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Divisions</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Android_(operating_system)" title="Android (operating system)">Android</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Glass" title="Google Glass">Glass</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Ads" title="Google Ads">Google Ads</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_AI" title="Google AI">Google AI</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Chrome" title="Google Chrome">Google Chrome</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Cloud_Platform" title="Google Cloud Platform">Google Cloud</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Maps" title="Google Maps">Google Maps</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Nest" title="Google Nest">Google Nest</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Pixel" title="Google Pixel">Google Pixel</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Search" title="Google Search">Google Search</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/YouTube" title="YouTube">YouTube</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr></tbody></table><div></div></td><td class="navbox-image" rowspan="5" style="width:1px;padding:0px 0px 0px 2px"><div><a href="/wiki/File:Google_2015_logo.svg" class="image"><img alt="Google 2015 logo.svg" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2f/Google_2015_logo.svg/80px-Google_2015_logo.svg.png" decoding="async" width="80" height="27" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2f/Google_2015_logo.svg/120px-Google_2015_logo.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2f/Google_2015_logo.svg/160px-Google_2015_logo.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="272" data-file-height="92" /></a></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Development</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Google_Chrome_Experiments" title="Google Chrome Experiments">Chrome Experiments</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Data_Transfer_Project" title="Data Transfer Project">Data Transfer Project</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Material_Design" title="Material Design">Material Design</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/OpenSocial" title="OpenSocial">OpenSocial</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Web_Server" title="Google Web Server">Web Server</a></li></ul>
</div><table class="nowraplinks navbox-subgroup" style="border-spacing:0"><tbody><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Programming languages</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Dart_(programming_language)" title="Dart (programming language)">Dart</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Go_(programming_language)" title="Go (programming language)">Go</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Sawzall_(programming_language)" title="Sawzall (programming language)"><i>Sawzall</i></a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Operating systems</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Android_(operating_system)" title="Android (operating system)">Android</a>
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Android_Automotive" title="Android Automotive">Android Automotive</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Android_TV" title="Android TV">Android TV</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Wear_OS" title="Wear OS">Wear OS</a></li></ul></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Chrome_OS" title="Chrome OS">Chrome OS</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Fuchsia" title="Google Fuchsia">Fuchsia</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Libraries / Frameworks</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Accelerated_Mobile_Pages" title="Accelerated Mobile Pages">AMP</a></li>
<li>Angular
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Angular_(web_framework)" title="Angular (web framework)">Angular</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/AngularJS" title="AngularJS">AngularJS</a></li></ul></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/ARCore" title="ARCore">ARCore</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_APIs" title="Google APIs">APIs</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Charts" title="Google Charts">Charts</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Dialogflow" title="Dialogflow">Dialogflow</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Flutter_(software)" title="Flutter (software)">Flutter</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Guava" title="Google Guava">Guava</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Guice" title="Google Guice">Guice</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Polymer_(library)" title="Polymer (library)">Polymer</a>
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Google_Web_Components" title="Google Web Components">Web Components</a></li></ul></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Tango_(platform)" title="Tango (platform)"><i>Tango</i></a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/TensorFlow" title="TensorFlow">TensorFlow</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Tools</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/App_Inventor_for_Android" title="App Inventor for Android">App Inventor</a> (MIT)</li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_App_Maker" title="Google App Maker">App Maker</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Closure_Tools" title="Google Closure Tools">Closure Toos</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Gadgets" title="Google Gadgets">Gadgets API</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/GData" title="GData">GData</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Lighthouse" title="Google Lighthouse">Lighthouse</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Native_Client" title="Google Native Client">Native Client</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Browser_speed_test#Octane_(unmaintained)" title="Browser speed test"><i>Octane</i></a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/OpenRefine" title="OpenRefine">OpenRefine</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_PageSpeed_Tools" title="Google PageSpeed Tools">PageSpeed</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/ReCAPTCHA" title="ReCAPTCHA">reCAPTCHA</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Search_Console" title="Google Search Console">Search Console</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Swiffy" title="Google Swiffy"><i>Swiffy</i></a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Web_Toolkit" title="Google Web Toolkit">Web Toolkit</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Website_Optimizer" title="Google Website Optimizer">Website Optimizer</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Search algorithms</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/PageRank" title="PageRank">PageRank</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Hummingbird" title="Google Hummingbird">Hummingbird</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Panda" title="Google Panda">Panda</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Penguin" title="Google Penguin">Penguin</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Pigeon" title="Google Pigeon">Pigeon</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/RankBrain" title="RankBrain">RankBrain</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Platforms</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Google_Cloud_Platform" title="Google Cloud Platform">Cloud Platform</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_App_Engine" title="Google App Engine">App Engine</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Apps_Script" title="Google Apps Script">Apps Script</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Firebase" title="Firebase">Firebase</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Kubernetes" title="Kubernetes">Kubernetes</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr></tbody></table><div>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Services</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Google_Arts_%26_Culture" title="Google Arts & Culture">Arts & Culture</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Assistant" title="Google Assistant">Assistant</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Chrome" title="Google Chrome">Chrome</a>
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Google_Chrome_for_Android" title="Google Chrome for Android">Android</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Chromium_(web_browser)" title="Chromium (web browser)">Chromium</a></li></ul></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Classroom" title="Google Classroom">Classroom</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Cloud_Print" title="Google Cloud Print">Cloud Print</a></li>
<li><a class="mw-selflink selflink">Earth</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Express" title="Google Express"><i>Express</i></a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Fi" title="Google Fi">Fi</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Gboard" title="Gboard">Gboard</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Now" title="Google Now">Now</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Safe_Browsing" title="Google Safe Browsing">Safe Browsing</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Station" title="Google Station">Station</a></li></ul>
</div><table class="nowraplinks navbox-subgroup" style="border-spacing:0"><tbody><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Entertainment</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Chromecast" title="Chromecast">Chromecast</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Play" title="Google Play">Play</a>
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Google_Play_Books" title="Google Play Books">Books</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Play_Games" title="Google Play Games">Games</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Play_Movies_%26_TV" title="Google Play Movies & TV">Movies & TV</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Play_Music" title="Google Play Music">Music</a></li></ul></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Podcasts" title="Google Podcasts">Podcasts</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Stadia" title="Google Stadia">Stadia</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Vevo" title="Vevo">Vevo</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/YouTube" title="YouTube">YouTube</a>
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/YouTube_Gaming" class="mw-redirect" title="YouTube Gaming"><i>Gaming</i></a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/YouTube_Kids" title="YouTube Kids">Kids</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/YouTube_Music" title="YouTube Music">Music</a></li></ul></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Communication</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Google_Contacts" title="Google Contacts">Contacts</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Duo" title="Google Duo">Duo</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Gmail" title="Gmail">Gmail</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Groups" title="Google Groups">Groups</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Hangouts" title="Google Hangouts">Hangouts</a>
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Google_Hangouts#Google_Hangouts_Chat" title="Google Hangouts">Hangouts Chat</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Hangouts#Google_Hangouts_Meet" title="Google Hangouts">Hangouts Meet</a></li></ul></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_IME" title="Google IME">IME</a>
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Google_Japanese_Input" title="Google Japanese Input">Japanese</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Pinyin" title="Google Pinyin">Pinyin</a></li></ul></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Inbox" class="mw-redirect" title="Google Inbox"><i>Inbox</i></a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Messages" class="mw-redirect" title="Google Messages">Messages</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Spaces" title="Google Spaces"><i>Spaces</i></a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Talk" title="Google Talk"><i>Talk</i></a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Translate" title="Google Translate">Translate</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Voice" title="Google Voice">Voice</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Organization</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Calendar" title="Calendar">Calendar</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Photos" title="Google Photos">Photos</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Drive" title="Google Drive">Google Drive</a>
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Google_Docs" title="Google Docs">Docs</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Sheets" title="Google Sheets">Sheets</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Slides" title="Google Slides">Slides</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Drawings" title="Google Drawings">Drawings</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Forms" title="Google Forms">Forms</a></li></ul></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Keep" title="Google Keep">Keep</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Business / Finance</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/AdMob" title="AdMob">AdMob</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Analytics" title="Google Analytics">Analytics</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Ad_Grants" class="mw-redirect" title="Google Ad Grants">Ad Grants</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Ad_Manager" title="Google Ad Manager">Ad Manager</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Ads" title="Google Ads">Ads</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_AdSense" title="Google AdSense">AdSense</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Business_Groups" title="Google Business Groups">Business Groups</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Marketing_Platform" class="mw-redirect" title="Google Marketing Platform">Marketing Platform</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Pay" title="Google Pay">Pay</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Primer" title="Google Primer">Primer</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Tag_Manager" class="mw-redirect" title="Google Tag Manager">Tag Manager</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Search</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Google_Alerts" title="Google Alerts">Alerts</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Blog_Search" title="Google Blog Search"><i>Blog Search</i></a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Books" title="Google Books">Books</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Dataset_Search" title="Google Dataset Search">Dataset Search</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Dictionary" title="Google Dictionary">Dictionary</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Flights" title="Google Flights">Flights</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Finance" title="Google Finance">Finance</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Googlebot" title="Googlebot">Googlebot</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Images" title="Google Images">Images</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Maps" title="Google Maps">Maps</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_News" title="Google News">News</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Patents" title="Google Patents">Patents</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Public_Data_Explorer" title="Google Public Data Explorer">Public Data</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Scholar" title="Google Scholar">Scholar</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Search" title="Google Search">Search</a>
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Knowledge_Graph" title="Knowledge Graph">Knowledge Graph</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Personalized_Search" title="Google Personalized Search">Personalized</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/SafeSearch" title="SafeSearch">SafeSearch</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Voice_Search" title="Google Voice Search">Voice Search</a></li></ul></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Shopping" title="Google Shopping">Shopping</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Trends" title="Google Trends">Trends</a>
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Google_Insights_for_Search" title="Google Insights for Search"><i>Insights for Search</i></a></li></ul></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Videos" title="Google Videos">Videos</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Images / Photo</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Google_Camera" title="Google Camera">Camera</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Lens" title="Google Lens">Lens</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Snapseed" title="Snapseed">Snapseed</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Photos" title="Google Photos">Photos</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Publishing</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Blogger_(service)" title="Blogger (service)">Blogger</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Domains" title="Google Domains">Domains</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Feedburner" class="mw-redirect" title="Google Feedburner">Feedburner</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Sites" title="Google Sites">Sites</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr></tbody></table><div>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Hardware</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Chromecast" title="Chromecast">Chromecast</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Home" title="Google Home">Home</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Chromebox" title="Chromebox">Chromebox</a></li></ul>
</div><table class="nowraplinks navbox-subgroup" style="border-spacing:0"><tbody><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Virtual Reality / Display</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Google_Cardboard" title="Google Cardboard">Cardboard</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Daydream" title="Google Daydream">Daydream</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Contact_Lens" title="Google Contact Lens"><i>Contact Lens</i></a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Glass" title="Google Glass">Glass</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Smartphones</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Google_Nexus" title="Google Nexus">Nexus</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Pixel" title="Google Pixel">Pixel</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Google Nest</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Nest_Protect" class="mw-redirect" title="Nest Protect">Nest Protect</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Nest_Learning_Thermostat" title="Nest Learning Thermostat">Nest Learning Thermostat</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Nest_Wifi" title="Google Nest Wifi">Nest WiFi</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Laptops and tablets</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Chromebook" title="Chromebook">Chromebook</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Pixelbook" title="Google Pixelbook">Pixelbook</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Chromebook_Pixel" title="Chromebook Pixel">Chromebook Pixel</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Pixel_Slate" title="Pixel Slate">Pixel Slate</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr></tbody></table><div>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Related</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em"></div><table class="nowraplinks navbox-subgroup" style="border-spacing:0"><tbody><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Documentaries</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Google_Behind_the_Screen" title="Google Behind the Screen"><i>Google: Behind the Screen</i></a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_The_Thinking_Factory" title="Google The Thinking Factory"><i>Google: The Thinking Factory</i></a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_and_the_World_Brain" title="Google and the World Brain"><i>Google and the World Brain</i></a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/The_Creepy_Line" title="The Creepy Line"><i>The Creepy Line</i></a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Terms and phrases</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Don%27t_be_evil" title="Don't be evil">"Don't be evil"</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Gayglers" title="Gayglers">Gayglers</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_(verb)" title="Google (verb)">Google (verb)</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_bombing" title="Google bombing">Google bombing</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Developer_Expert" title="Google Developer Expert">Google Developer Expert</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Googlization" title="Googlization">Googlization</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr></tbody></table><div></div></td></tr><tr><td class="navbox-abovebelow" colspan="3"><div><div class="hlist hlist-separated"><ul><li><i>Italics</i> indicate <a href="/wiki/Category:Discontinued_products" title="Category:Discontinued products">discontinued products, services</a>, or <a href="/wiki/Category:Defunct_computer_companies_of_the_United_States" title="Category:Defunct computer companies of the United States">defunct companies</a>.</li></ul></div>
<ul><li><img alt="Category" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/4/48/Folder_Hexagonal_Icon.svg/16px-Folder_Hexagonal_Icon.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Category" width="16" height="14" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/4/48/Folder_Hexagonal_Icon.svg/24px-Folder_Hexagonal_Icon.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/4/48/Folder_Hexagonal_Icon.svg/32px-Folder_Hexagonal_Icon.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="36" data-file-height="31" /> <a href="/wiki/Category:Google" title="Category:Google">Category</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/File:Industry5.svg" class="image"><img alt="Industry5.svg" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2a/Industry5.svg/28px-Industry5.svg.png" decoding="async" width="28" height="28" class="noviewer" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2a/Industry5.svg/42px-Industry5.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2a/Industry5.svg/56px-Industry5.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="512" data-file-height="512" /></a> <a href="/wiki/Portal:Companies" title="Portal:Companies">Companies portal</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/File:Crystal_Clear_app_linneighborhood.svg" class="image"><img alt="Crystal Clear app linneighborhood.svg" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f9/Crystal_Clear_app_linneighborhood.svg/28px-Crystal_Clear_app_linneighborhood.svg.png" decoding="async" width="28" height="28" class="noviewer" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f9/Crystal_Clear_app_linneighborhood.svg/42px-Crystal_Clear_app_linneighborhood.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f9/Crystal_Clear_app_linneighborhood.svg/56px-Crystal_Clear_app_linneighborhood.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="407" data-file-height="407" /></a> <a href="/wiki/Portal:Internet" title="Portal:Internet">Internet portal</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/List_of_Google_products#Discontinued_products_and_services" title="List of Google products">Discontinued products and services</a></li></ul></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div>
<div role="navigation" class="navbox" aria-labelledby="Google_Maps" style="padding:3px"><table class="nowraplinks vevent mw-collapsible expanded navbox-inner" style="border-spacing:0;background:transparent;color:inherit"><tbody><tr><th scope="col" class="navbox-title" colspan="3"><div class="plainlinks hlist navbar mini"><ul><li class="nv-view"><a href="/wiki/Template:Google_Maps_navbox" title="Template:Google Maps navbox"><abbr title="View this template" style=";;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none; padding:0;">v</abbr></a></li><li class="nv-talk"><a href="/wiki/Template_talk:Google_Maps_navbox" title="Template talk:Google Maps navbox"><abbr title="Discuss this template" style=";;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none; padding:0;">t</abbr></a></li><li class="nv-edit"><a class="external text" href="https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Template:Google_Maps_navbox&action=edit"><abbr title="Edit this template" style=";;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none; padding:0;">e</abbr></a></li></ul></div><div id="Google_Maps" style="font-size:114%;margin:0 4em"><a href="/wiki/Google_Maps" title="Google Maps">Google Maps</a></div></th></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Related products</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-odd hlist" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Waze" title="Waze">Waze</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Arts_%26_Culture" title="Google Arts & Culture">Arts & Culture</a></li></ul>
 </div><table class="nowraplinks navbox-subgroup" style="border-spacing:0"><tbody><tr><th id="Discontinued" scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Discontinued</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Google_Latitude" title="Google Latitude">Latitude</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Maps_Navigation" title="Google Maps Navigation">Google Maps Navigation</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Map_Maker" title="Google Map Maker">Map Maker</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr></tbody></table><div>
</div></td><td class="navbox-image" rowspan="4" style="width:1px;padding:0px 0px 0px 2px"><div><a href="/wiki/File:Google_Maps_icon_(2020).svg" class="image" title="Google Maps marker"><img alt="Google Maps marker" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Google_Maps_icon_%282020%29.svg/50px-Google_Maps_icon_%282020%29.svg.png" decoding="async" width="50" height="72" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Google_Maps_icon_%282020%29.svg/75px-Google_Maps_icon_%282020%29.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Google_Maps_icon_%282020%29.svg/100px-Google_Maps_icon_%282020%29.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="512" data-file-height="734" /></a></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Views and mapping sites</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-odd hlist" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a class="mw-selflink selflink">Earth</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Earth#Google_Mars" title="Google Earth">Mars</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Earth#Google_Moon" title="Google Earth">Moon</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Earth#Google_Sky" title="Google Earth">Sky</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Street_View" title="Google Street View">Street View</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%"><a href="/wiki/Google_Street_View" title="Google Street View">Street View</a></th><td class="navbox-list navbox-odd hlist" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em"></div><table class="nowraplinks navbox-subgroup" style="border-spacing:0"><tbody><tr><th id="Coverage" scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%"><a href="/wiki/Coverage_of_Google_Street_View" title="Coverage of Google Street View">Coverage</a></th><td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Google_Street_View_in_Africa" title="Google Street View in Africa">Africa</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Street_View_in_Antarctica" title="Google Street View in Antarctica">Antarctica</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Street_View_in_Asia" title="Google Street View in Asia">Asia</a>
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Google_Street_View_in_Israel" title="Google Street View in Israel">Israel</a></li></ul></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Street_View_in_Europe" title="Google Street View in Europe">Europe</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Street_View_in_North_America" title="Google Street View in North America">North America</a>
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Google_Street_View_in_Canada" title="Google Street View in Canada">Canada</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Street_View_in_the_United_States" title="Google Street View in the United States">United States</a></li></ul></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Street_View_in_Oceania" title="Google Street View in Oceania">Oceania</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Street_View_in_South_America" title="Google Street View in South America">South America</a>
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Google_Street_View_in_Argentina" title="Google Street View in Argentina">Argentina</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Street_View_in_Chile" title="Google Street View in Chile">Chile</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Street_View_in_Colombia" title="Google Street View in Colombia">Colombia</a></li></ul></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Google_Street_View_privacy_concerns" title="Google Street View privacy concerns">Privacy concerns</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/List_of_street_view_services" title="List of street view services">Competing products</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr></tbody></table><div></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Other</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-even hlist" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Historypin" title="Historypin">Historypin</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Mapillary" title="Mapillary">Mapillary</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Mapathon" title="Google Mapathon">Google Mapathon</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Maps_pin" title="Google Maps pin">Google Maps pin</a></li>
<li><i><a href="/wiki/Google_Maps_Road_Trip" title="Google Maps Road Trip">Google Maps Road Trip</a></i></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Argleton" title="Argleton">Argleton</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr></tbody></table></div>
<div role="navigation" class="navbox" aria-labelledby="Android_(operating_system)" style="padding:3px"><table class="nowraplinks mw-collapsible autocollapse navbox-inner" style="border-spacing:0;background:transparent;color:inherit"><tbody><tr><th scope="col" class="navbox-title" colspan="3"><div class="plainlinks hlist navbar mini"><ul><li class="nv-view"><a href="/wiki/Template:Android_(operating_system)" title="Template:Android (operating system)"><abbr title="View this template" style=";;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none; padding:0;">v</abbr></a></li><li class="nv-talk"><a href="/wiki/Template_talk:Android_(operating_system)" title="Template talk:Android (operating system)"><abbr title="Discuss this template" style=";;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none; padding:0;">t</abbr></a></li><li class="nv-edit"><a class="external text" href="https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Template:Android_(operating_system)&action=edit"><abbr title="Edit this template" style=";;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none; padding:0;">e</abbr></a></li></ul></div><div id="Android_(operating_system)" style="font-size:114%;margin:0 4em"><a href="/wiki/Android_(operating_system)" title="Android (operating system)">Android (operating system)</a></div></th></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%"><a href="/wiki/Android_software_development" title="Android software development">Software <br />development</a><br /><img alt="Category" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/4/48/Folder_Hexagonal_Icon.svg/16px-Folder_Hexagonal_Icon.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Category" width="16" height="14" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/4/48/Folder_Hexagonal_Icon.svg/24px-Folder_Hexagonal_Icon.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/4/48/Folder_Hexagonal_Icon.svg/32px-Folder_Hexagonal_Icon.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="36" data-file-height="31" /> <a href="/wiki/Category:Android_(operating_system)_development_software" title="Category:Android (operating system) development software">Category</a></th><td class="navbox-list navbox-odd hlist" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em"></div><table class="nowraplinks navbox-subgroup" style="border-spacing:0"><tbody><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%"><a href="/wiki/Programming_tool" title="Programming tool">Development tools</a>,<br />official</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Android_SDK" class="mw-redirect" title="Android SDK">Software development kit</a> (SDK)
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Android_Debug_Bridge" class="mw-redirect" title="Android Debug Bridge">Android Debug Bridge</a> (ADB)</li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Fastboot" class="mw-redirect" title="Fastboot">Fastboot</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Android_application_package" title="Android application package">Android application package</a> (APK)</li></ul></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Android_NDK" class="mw-redirect" title="Android NDK">Native Development Kit</a> (NDK)</li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Android_Open_Accessory_Development_Kit" class="mw-redirect" title="Android Open Accessory Development Kit">Android Open Accessory Development Kit</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Bionic_(software)" title="Bionic (software)">Bionic</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/RenderScript" title="RenderScript">RenderScript</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Skia_Graphics_Engine" title="Skia Graphics Engine">Skia</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Dalvik_(software)" title="Dalvik (software)">Dalvik</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Android_Runtime" title="Android Runtime">Android Runtime</a> (ART)</li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Firebase" title="Firebase">Firebase</a>
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Google_Cloud_Messaging" title="Google Cloud Messaging">Google Cloud Messaging</a> (GCM)</li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Firebase_Cloud_Messaging" title="Firebase Cloud Messaging">Firebase Cloud Messaging</a> (FCM)</li></ul></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/AdMob" title="AdMob">AdMob</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Material_Design" title="Material Design">Material Design</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Font" title="Font">Fonts</a>
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Droid_fonts" title="Droid fonts">Droid</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Roboto" title="Roboto">Roboto</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Noto_fonts" title="Noto fonts">Noto</a></li></ul></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Developers" title="Google Developers">Google Developers</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Development tools,<br />other</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/OpenBinder" title="OpenBinder">OpenBinder</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Apache_Harmony" title="Apache Harmony">Apache Harmony</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/OpenJDK" title="OpenJDK">OpenJDK</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Gradle" title="Gradle">Gradle</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%"><a href="/wiki/Integrated_development_environment" title="Integrated development environment">Integrated development<br />environments</a> (IDE)</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Android_Studio" title="Android Studio">Android Studio</a>
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/IntelliJ_IDEA" title="IntelliJ IDEA">IntelliJ IDEA</a></li></ul></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Eclipse_(software)" title="Eclipse (software)">Eclipse</a>
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Eclipse_(software)#Android_Development_Tools" title="Eclipse (software)">Android Development Tools</a> (ADT)</li></ul></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/App_Inventor_for_Android" title="App Inventor for Android">App Inventor</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%"><a href="/wiki/Programming_language" title="Programming language">Languages</a>, <a href="/wiki/Database" title="Database">databases</a></th><td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Java_(programming_language)" title="Java (programming language)">Java</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Kotlin_(programming_language)" title="Kotlin (programming language)">Kotlin</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/XML" title="XML">XML</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/C_(programming_language)" title="C (programming language)">C</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/C%2B%2B" title="C++">C++</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/SQLite" title="SQLite">SQLite</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%"><a href="/wiki/Virtual_reality" title="Virtual reality">Virtual reality</a></th><td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Google_Cardboard" title="Google Cardboard">Cardboard</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Daydream" title="Google Daydream">Daydream</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Events, <a href="/wiki/Community_of_practice" title="Community of practice">communities</a></th><td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Google_I/O" title="Google I/O">Google I/O</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Android_Developer_Challenge" title="Android Developer Challenge">Developer Challenge</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Android_Developer_Lab" title="Android Developer Lab">Developer Lab</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Android_Open_Source_Project" class="mw-redirect" title="Android Open Source Project">Android Open Source Project</a> (AOSP)</li></ul>
</div></td></tr></tbody></table><div></div></td><td class="navbox-image" rowspan="10" style="width:1px;padding:0px 0px 0px 2px"><div><a href="/wiki/File:Android_logo_2019.svg" class="image" title="Android logo"><img alt="Android logo" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/82/Android_logo_2019.svg/100px-Android_logo_2019.svg.png" decoding="async" width="100" height="87" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/82/Android_logo_2019.svg/150px-Android_logo_2019.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/82/Android_logo_2019.svg/200px-Android_logo_2019.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1000" data-file-height="873" /></a></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%"><a href="/wiki/Android_version_history" title="Android version history">Releases</a></th><td class="navbox-list navbox-odd hlist" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Android_version_history#Android_1.0_(API_1)" title="Android version history">1.0</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Android_version_history#Android_1.1_(API_2)" title="Android version history">1.1</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Android_Cupcake" title="Android Cupcake">Cupcake (1.5)</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Android_Donut" title="Android Donut">Donut (1.6)</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Android_Eclair" title="Android Eclair">Eclair (2.0–2.1)</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Android_Froyo" title="Android Froyo">Froyo (2.2)</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Android_Gingerbread" title="Android Gingerbread">Gingerbread (2.3)</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Android_Honeycomb" title="Android Honeycomb">Honeycomb (3.x)</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Android_Ice_Cream_Sandwich" title="Android Ice Cream Sandwich">Ice Cream Sandwich (4.0)</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Android_Jelly_Bean" title="Android Jelly Bean">Jelly Bean (4.1–4.3)</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Android_KitKat" title="Android KitKat">KitKat (4.4)</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Android_Lollipop" title="Android Lollipop">Lollipop (5.x)</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Android_Marshmallow" title="Android Marshmallow">Marshmallow (6.0)</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Android_Nougat" title="Android Nougat">Nougat (7.x)</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Android_Oreo" title="Android Oreo">Oreo (8.x)</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Android_Pie" title="Android Pie">Pie (9.0)</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Android_10" title="Android 10">10</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Android_11" title="Android 11">11</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Derivatives</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-even hlist" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Android_Automotive" title="Android Automotive">Android Automotive</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Android_Things" title="Android Things">Android Things</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Android_TV" title="Android TV">Android TV</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Wear_OS" title="Wear OS">Wear OS</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%"><a href="/wiki/Smartphone" title="Smartphone">Smartphones</a>,<br /><a href="/wiki/Tablet_computer" title="Tablet computer">tablets</a></th><td class="navbox-list navbox-odd hlist" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em"></div><table class="nowraplinks navbox-subgroup" style="border-spacing:0"><tbody><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%"><a href="/wiki/Google_Pixel" title="Google Pixel">Google Pixel</a></th><td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Pixel_(smartphone)" class="mw-redirect" title="Pixel (smartphone)">Pixel & Pixel XL</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Pixel_2" title="Pixel 2">Pixel 2 & Pixel 2 XL</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Pixel_3" title="Pixel 3">Pixel 3 & Pixel 3 XL</a>
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Pixel_3a" title="Pixel 3a">3a & 3a XL</a></li></ul></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Pixel_C" title="Pixel C">Pixel C</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Pixel_4" title="Pixel 4">Pixel 4 & Pixel 4 XL</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%"><a href="/wiki/Google_Nexus" title="Google Nexus">Google Nexus</a></th><td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Nexus_One" title="Nexus One">Nexus One</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Nexus_S" title="Nexus S">Nexus S</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Galaxy_Nexus" title="Galaxy Nexus">Galaxy Nexus</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Nexus_4" title="Nexus 4">Nexus 4</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Nexus_5" title="Nexus 5">Nexus 5</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Nexus_5X" title="Nexus 5X">Nexus 5X</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Nexus_6" title="Nexus 6">Nexus 6</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Nexus_6P" title="Nexus 6P">Nexus 6P</a></li>
<li>Nexus 7
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Nexus_7_(2012)" title="Nexus 7 (2012)">2012 version</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Nexus_7_(2013)" title="Nexus 7 (2013)">2013 version</a></li></ul></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Nexus_10" title="Nexus 10">Nexus 10</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Nexus_9" title="Nexus 9">Nexus 9</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Nexus_Q" title="Nexus Q">Nexus Q</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Nexus_Player" title="Nexus Player">Nexus Player</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%"><a href="/wiki/Google_Experience_device" class="mw-redirect" title="Google Experience device">Google Play edition</a></th><td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/HTC_One_(M7)" title="HTC One (M7)">HTC One (M7)</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/HTC_One_(M8)" title="HTC One (M8)">HTC One (M8)</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/LG_G_Pad_8.3" title="LG G Pad 8.3">LG G Pad 8.3</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Moto_G_(1st_generation)" title="Moto G (1st generation)">Moto G</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Samsung_Galaxy_S4" title="Samsung Galaxy S4">Samsung Galaxy S4</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Sony_Xperia_Z_Ultra" title="Sony Xperia Z Ultra">Sony Xperia Z Ultra</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Android_Go" title="Android Go">Android Go</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Android_One" title="Android One">Android One</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/List_of_Android_smartphones" title="List of Android smartphones">other smartphones</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr></tbody></table><div></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Customized<br />variants</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-odd hlist" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Android-x86" title="Android-x86">Android-x86</a>
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Remix_OS" title="Remix OS">Remix OS</a></li></ul></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/AOKP" title="AOKP">AOKP</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Baidu_Yi" title="Baidu Yi">Baidu Yi</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Barnes_%26_Noble_Nook" title="Barnes & Noble Nook">Barnes & Noble Nook</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/ColorOS" title="ColorOS">ColorOS</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/CopperheadOS" title="CopperheadOS">CopperheadOS</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Fire_OS" title="Fire OS">Fire OS</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Meizu#Flyme" title="Meizu">Flyme OS</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Funtouch_OS" class="mw-redirect" title="Funtouch OS">Funtouch OS</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/LeWa_OS" title="LeWa OS">LeWa OS</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/LineageOS" title="LineageOS">LineageOS</a>
<ul><li><a href="/wiki//e/_(operating_system)" title="/e/ (operating system)">/e/</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/CrDroid" title="CrDroid">CrDroid</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/CyanogenMod" title="CyanogenMod">CyanogenMod</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Kali_NetHunter" title="Kali NetHunter">Kali NetHunter</a></li></ul></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/GrapheneOS" title="GrapheneOS">GrapheneOS</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/MicroG" title="MicroG">MicroG</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/MIUI" title="MIUI">MIUI</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Nokia_X_family#Nokia_X_software_platform" title="Nokia X family">Nokia X software platform</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/OmniROM" title="OmniROM">OmniROM</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/OPhone" title="OPhone">OPhone</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/OxygenOS" title="OxygenOS">OxygenOS</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Replicant_(operating_system)" title="Replicant (operating system)">Replicant</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Resurrection_Remix_OS" title="Resurrection Remix OS">Resurrection Remix OS</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Ubuntu_for_Android" title="Ubuntu for Android">Ubuntu for Android</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/XobotOS" title="XobotOS">XobotOS</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Yun_OS" class="mw-redirect" title="Yun OS">Yun OS</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%"><a href="/wiki/Category:Android_(operating_system)_software" title="Category:Android (operating system) software">Applications</a></th><td class="navbox-list navbox-even hlist" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Android_Auto" title="Android Auto">Android Auto</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Assistant" title="Google Assistant">Assistant</a>
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Google_Now" title="Google Now">Google Now</a></li></ul></li>
<li><a class="mw-selflink selflink">Earth</a>
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Google_Sky" class="mw-redirect" title="Google Sky">Sky</a></li></ul></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Gmail" title="Gmail">Gmail</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Chrome_for_Android" title="Google Chrome for Android">Google Chrome for Android</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Goggles" title="Google Goggles">Goggles</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Hangouts" title="Google Hangouts">Hangouts</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Maps_(app)" class="mw-redirect" title="Google Maps (app)">Maps</a>
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Google_Maps_Navigation" title="Google Maps Navigation">Navigation</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Waze" title="Waze">Waze</a></li></ul></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Pay" title="Google Pay">Pay</a>
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Google_Pay_Send" title="Google Pay Send">Send</a></li></ul></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Play" title="Google Play">Play</a>
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Google_Play_Books" title="Google Play Books">Books</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Play_Games" title="Google Play Games">Games</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Play_Movies_%26_TV" title="Google Play Movies & TV">Movies & TV</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Play_Music" title="Google Play Music">Music</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Play_Newsstand" title="Google Play Newsstand">Newsstand</a></li></ul></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Talk" title="Google Talk">Talk</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Trips" title="Google Trips">Trips</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Voice" title="Google Voice">Voice</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%"><a href="/wiki/Application_programming_interface" title="Application programming interface">APIs</a></th><td class="navbox-list navbox-odd hlist" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Google_Maps" title="Google Maps">Google Maps</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Play_Services" title="Google Play Services">Google Play Services</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Search" title="Google Search">Google Search</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Alternative<br /><a href="/wiki/User_interface" title="User interface">user interfaces</a></th><td class="navbox-list navbox-even hlist" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Asus_Zen_UI" class="mw-redirect" title="Asus Zen UI">Asus Zen UI</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google_Pixel_UI" class="mw-redirect" title="Google Pixel UI">Google Pixel UI</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Hive_UI" title="Hive UI">Hive UI</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/HTC_Sense" title="HTC Sense">HTC Sense</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Huawei_EMUI" class="mw-redirect" title="Huawei EMUI">Huawei EMUI</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/LG_UX" title="LG UX">LG UX</a> (<a href="/wiki/Optimus_UI" title="Optimus UI">Optimus UI</a>)</li>
<li><a href="/wiki/MIUI" title="MIUI">MIUI</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/One_UI" title="One UI">Samsung One UI</a>
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Samsung_Experience" title="Samsung Experience">Experience</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/TouchWiz" title="TouchWiz">TouchWiz</a></li></ul></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Lists</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-odd hlist" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/List_of_custom_Android_firmware" class="mw-redirect" title="List of custom Android firmware">Custom firmware</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/List_of_features_in_Android" title="List of features in Android">Features</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/List_of_free_and_open-source_Android_applications" title="List of free and open-source Android applications">Free and open-source applications</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/List_of_Android_games" title="List of Android games">Games</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/List_of_Google_apps_for_Android" class="mw-redirect" title="List of Google apps for Android">Google apps</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/List_of_Android_launchers" title="List of Android launchers">Launchers</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Related topics</th><td class="navbox-list navbox-even hlist" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Index_of_Android_OS_articles" title="Index of Android OS articles">Index of articles</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Androidland" title="Androidland">Androidland</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Chromecast" title="Chromecast">Chromecast</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Google" title="Google">Google</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Comparison_of_Java_and_Android_API" title="Comparison of Java and Android API">Java vs. Android API</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Android_lawn_statues" title="Android lawn statues">Lawn statues</a></li>
<li>Legal issues
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Oracle_America,_Inc._v._Google,_Inc." class="mw-redirect" title="Oracle America, Inc. v. Google, Inc.">Oracle v. Google</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Smartphone_patent_wars" title="Smartphone patent wars">Smartphone patent wars</a></li></ul></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Rooting_(Android_OS)" class="mw-redirect" title="Rooting (Android OS)">Rooting</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/XDA_Developers" title="XDA Developers">XDA Developers</a></li></ul>
</div></td></tr></tbody></table></div>
<div role="navigation" class="navbox authority-control" aria-labelledby="Authority_control_frameless_&#124;text-top_&#124;10px_&#124;alt=Edit_this_at_Wikidata_&#124;link=https&#58;//www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q42274&#124;Edit_this_at_Wikidata" style="padding:3px"><table class="nowraplinks hlist navbox-inner" style="border-spacing:0;background:transparent;color:inherit"><tbody><tr><th id="Authority_control_frameless_&#124;text-top_&#124;10px_&#124;alt=Edit_this_at_Wikidata_&#124;link=https&#58;//www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q42274&#124;Edit_this_at_Wikidata" scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%"><a href="/wiki/Help:Authority_control" title="Help:Authority control">Authority control</a> <a href="https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q42274" title="Edit this at Wikidata"><img alt="Edit this at Wikidata" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/10px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png" decoding="async" width="10" height="10" style="vertical-align: text-top" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/15px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg/20px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="20" data-file-height="20" /></a></th><td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul><li><span class="nowrap"><a href="/wiki/Integrated_Authority_File" title="Integrated Authority File">GND</a>: <span class="uid"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://d-nb.info/gnd/7519118-0">7519118-0</a></span></span></li>
<li><span class="nowrap"><a href="/wiki/Library_of_Congress_Control_Number" title="Library of Congress Control Number">LCCN</a>: <span class="uid"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n2006033376">n2006033376</a></span></span></li>
<li><span class="nowrap"><a href="/wiki/National_Library_of_the_Czech_Republic" title="National Library of the Czech Republic">NKC</a>: <span class="uid"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://aleph.nkp.cz/F/?func=find-c&local_base=aut&ccl_term=ica=ph825968&CON_LNG=ENG">ph825968</a></span></span></li>
<li><span class="nowrap"> <a href="/wiki/WorldCat_Identities" class="mw-redirect" title="WorldCat Identities">WorldCat Identities</a> (via LCCN): <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.worldcat.org/identities/lccn-n2006-033376">n2006-033376</a></span></li></ul>
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hreflang="la" class="interlanguage-link-target">Latina</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-lv"><a href="https://lv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Earth" title="Google Earth – Latvian" lang="lv" hreflang="lv" class="interlanguage-link-target">Latviešu</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-lb"><a href="https://lb.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Earth" title="Google Earth – Luxembourgish" lang="lb" hreflang="lb" class="interlanguage-link-target">Lëtzebuergesch</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-lt"><a href="https://lt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Earth" title="Google Earth – Lithuanian" lang="lt" hreflang="lt" class="interlanguage-link-target">Lietuvių</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-hu"><a href="https://hu.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_F%C3%B6ld" title="Google Föld – Hungarian" lang="hu" hreflang="hu" class="interlanguage-link-target">Magyar</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-mk"><a href="https://mk.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%93%D1%83%D0%B3%D0%BB_%D0%97%D0%B5%D0%BC%D1%98%D0%B0" title="Гугл Земја – Macedonian" lang="mk" hreflang="mk" class="interlanguage-link-target">Македонски</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-ml"><a href="https://ml.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E0%B4%97%E0%B5%82%E0%B4%97%E0%B4%BF%E0%B5%BE_%E0%B4%8E%E0%B5%BC%E0%B4%A4%E0%B5%8D%E0%B4%A4%E0%B5%8D" title="ഗൂഗിൾ എർത്ത് – Malayalam" lang="ml" hreflang="ml" class="interlanguage-link-target">മലയാളം</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-mr"><a href="https://mr.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E0%A4%97%E0%A5%82%E0%A4%97%E0%A4%B2_%E0%A4%85%E0%A4%B0%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%A5" title="गूगल अर्थ – Marathi" lang="mr" hreflang="mr" class="interlanguage-link-target">मराठी</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-ms"><a href="https://ms.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Earth" title="Google Earth – Malay" lang="ms" hreflang="ms" class="interlanguage-link-target">Bahasa Melayu</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-nl"><a href="https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Earth" title="Google Earth – Dutch" lang="nl" hreflang="nl" class="interlanguage-link-target">Nederlands</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-ja"><a href="https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Earth" title="Google Earth – Japanese" lang="ja" hreflang="ja" class="interlanguage-link-target">日本語</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-no"><a href="https://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Earth" title="Google Earth – Norwegian Bokmål" lang="nb" hreflang="nb" class="interlanguage-link-target">Norsk bokmål</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-nn"><a href="https://nn.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Earth" title="Google Earth – Norwegian Nynorsk" lang="nn" hreflang="nn" class="interlanguage-link-target">Norsk nynorsk</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-oc"><a href="https://oc.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Earth" title="Google Earth – Occitan" lang="oc" hreflang="oc" class="interlanguage-link-target">Occitan</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-uz"><a href="https://uz.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Earth" title="Google Earth – Uzbek" lang="uz" hreflang="uz" class="interlanguage-link-target">Oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-km"><a href="https://km.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E1%9E%A0%E1%9F%92%E1%9E%82%E1%9E%BC%E1%9E%A0%E1%9F%92%E1%9E%82%E1%9E%9B_%E1%9E%A2%E1%9E%BE%E1%9E%92" title="ហ្គូហ្គល អើធ – Khmer" lang="km" hreflang="km" class="interlanguage-link-target">ភាសាខ្មែរ</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-pl"><a href="https://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Earth" title="Google Earth – Polish" lang="pl" hreflang="pl" class="interlanguage-link-target">Polski</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-pt"><a href="https://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Earth" title="Google Earth – Portuguese" lang="pt" hreflang="pt" class="interlanguage-link-target">Português</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-ro"><a href="https://ro.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Earth" title="Google Earth – Romanian" lang="ro" hreflang="ro" class="interlanguage-link-target">Română</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-ru"><a href="https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_%D0%9F%D0%BB%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B5%D1%82%D0%B0_%D0%97%D0%B5%D0%BC%D0%BB%D1%8F" title="Google Планета Земля – Russian" lang="ru" hreflang="ru" class="interlanguage-link-target">Русский</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-sa"><a href="https://sa.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E0%A4%97%E0%A5%82%E0%A4%97%E0%A4%B2%E0%A5%8D_%E0%A4%85%E0%A4%B0%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%A4%E0%A5%8D" title="गूगल् अर्त् – Sanskrit" lang="sa" hreflang="sa" class="interlanguage-link-target">संस्कृतम्</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-sco"><a href="https://sco.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Earth" title="Google Earth – Scots" lang="sco" hreflang="sco" class="interlanguage-link-target">Scots</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-sq"><a href="https://sq.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Earth" title="Google Earth – Albanian" lang="sq" hreflang="sq" class="interlanguage-link-target">Shqip</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-simple"><a href="https://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Earth" title="Google Earth – Simple English" lang="en-simple" hreflang="en-simple" class="interlanguage-link-target">Simple English</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-sk"><a href="https://sk.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Earth" title="Google Earth – Slovak" lang="sk" hreflang="sk" class="interlanguage-link-target">Slovenčina</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-sr"><a href="https://sr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Earth" title="Google Earth – Serbian" lang="sr" hreflang="sr" class="interlanguage-link-target">Српски / srpski</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-sh"><a href="https://sh.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Earth" title="Google Earth – Serbo-Croatian" lang="sh" hreflang="sh" class="interlanguage-link-target">Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-su"><a href="https://su.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Earth" title="Google Earth – Sundanese" lang="su" hreflang="su" class="interlanguage-link-target">Sunda</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-fi"><a href="https://fi.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Earth" title="Google Earth – Finnish" lang="fi" hreflang="fi" class="interlanguage-link-target">Suomi</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-sv"><a href="https://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Earth" title="Google Earth – Swedish" lang="sv" hreflang="sv" class="interlanguage-link-target">Svenska</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-tl"><a href="https://tl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Earth" title="Google Earth – Tagalog" lang="tl" hreflang="tl" class="interlanguage-link-target">Tagalog</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-ta"><a href="https://ta.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E0%AE%95%E0%AF%82%E0%AE%95%E0%AF%81%E0%AE%B3%E0%AF%8D_%E0%AE%8E%E0%AE%B0%E0%AF%8D%E0%AE%A4%E0%AF%8D" title="கூகுள் எர்த் – Tamil" lang="ta" hreflang="ta" class="interlanguage-link-target">தமிழ்</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-te"><a href="https://te.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E0%B0%97%E0%B1%82%E0%B0%97%E0%B1%81%E0%B0%B2%E0%B1%8D_%E0%B0%8E%E0%B0%B0%E0%B1%8D%E0%B0%A4%E0%B1%8D" title="గూగుల్ ఎర్త్ – Telugu" lang="te" hreflang="te" class="interlanguage-link-target">తెలుగు</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-tet"><a href="https://tet.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Earth" title="Google Earth – Tetum" lang="tet" hreflang="tet" class="interlanguage-link-target">Tetun</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-th"><a href="https://th.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E0%B8%81%E0%B8%B9%E0%B9%80%E0%B8%81%E0%B8%B4%E0%B8%A5_%E0%B9%80%E0%B8%AD%E0%B8%B4%E0%B8%A3%E0%B9%8C%E0%B8%98" title="กูเกิล เอิร์ธ – Thai" lang="th" hreflang="th" class="interlanguage-link-target">ไทย</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-tg"><a href="https://tg.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Earth" title="Google Earth – Tajik" lang="tg" hreflang="tg" class="interlanguage-link-target">Тоҷикӣ</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-tr"><a href="https://tr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Earth" title="Google Earth – Turkish" lang="tr" hreflang="tr" class="interlanguage-link-target">Türkçe</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-uk"><a href="https://uk.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Earth" title="Google Earth – Ukrainian" lang="uk" hreflang="uk" class="interlanguage-link-target">Українська</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-ur"><a href="https://ur.wikipedia.org/wiki/%DA%AF%D9%88%DA%AF%D9%84_%D8%AF%D9%86%DB%8C%D8%A7" title="گوگل دنیا – Urdu" lang="ur" hreflang="ur" class="interlanguage-link-target">اردو</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-vec"><a href="https://vec.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Earth" title="Google Earth – Venetian" lang="vec" hreflang="vec" class="interlanguage-link-target">Vèneto</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-vi"><a href="https://vi.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Earth" title="Google Earth – Vietnamese" lang="vi" hreflang="vi" class="interlanguage-link-target">Tiếng Việt</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-wuu"><a href="https://wuu.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google%E5%9C%B0%E7%90%83" title="Google地球 – Wu Chinese" lang="wuu" hreflang="wuu" class="interlanguage-link-target">吴语</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-yi"><a href="https://yi.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D7%92%D7%95%D7%92%D7%9C_%D7%A2%D7%A8%D7%93" title="גוגל ערד – Yiddish" lang="yi" hreflang="yi" class="interlanguage-link-target">ייִדיש</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-zh-yue"><a href="https://zh-yue.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google%E5%9C%B0%E7%90%83" title="Google地球 – Cantonese" lang="yue" hreflang="yue" class="interlanguage-link-target">粵語</a></li><li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-zh"><a href="https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google%E5%9C%B0%E7%90%83" title="Google地球 – Chinese" lang="zh" hreflang="zh" class="interlanguage-link-target">中文</a></li></ul>
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