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article-main-component__header--inner"><ul class="meta-list"><li><div class="byline-component"><span class="visually-hidden">Author: <!-- -->Reuters</span><span class="byline-component__content" itemProp="author"><a class="byline-component__link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true" role="presentation" rel="author" to="/author/reuters" href="/author/reuters">Reuters</a></span></div></li><li><div class="brow-component"><span class="brow-component--security"><a to="/category/security/" href="/category/security/">security</a></span></div></li><li><time class="date-mdy">01.16.02</time></li><li><time class="date-gia">10:07 am</time></li></ul><h1 id="articleTitleFull" class="title">Enron Auditor 'Cooperating'</h1></header><article class="article-body-component article-body-component--security"><div><p>WASHINGTON – An auditor said to have led a hurry-up effort to destroy documents in the Enron case was cooperating with congressional investigators a day after his accounting firm fired him, his attorneys said.</p><p>David Duncan, who oversaw Enron's audits from the Houston office of Arthur Andersen LLP, was to be interviewed Wednesday by staff from the House Energy and Commerce Committee.</p><p class="paywall">On Tuesday, Andersen said Duncan organized a document destruction effort on Oct. 23 shortly after he learned the Securities and Exchange Commission was asking Enron for accounting information.</p><p class="paywall">The effort ended Nov. 9 when Duncan's assistant e-mailed secretaries to "stop the shredding" a day after the firm had received a federal subpoena for documents.</p><div class="mid-banner-wrap paywall"><div class="js-in-copy-mobile ad ad--js-in-copy-mobile"><div class="ad__slot ad__slot--js-in-copy-mobile"></div></div></div><p class="paywall">Along with Duncan's dismissal, Andersen said four partners in its Houston office would be stripped of management responsibilities. Among them, D. Stephen Goddard Jr., an Andersen managing partner, was a major fund-raiser for President Bush's 2000 campaign for the White House and was one of the "Pioneers" who raised at least $100,000. Enron was Bush's largest corporate contributor during the campaign.</p><div class="mid-banner-wrap paywall"><div class="js-in-copy-rad ad ad--js-in-copy-rad"><div class="ad__slot ad__slot--js-in-copy-rad"></div></div></div><p class="paywall">In New York Wednesday, Wall Street powerhouse J.P. Morgan Chase & Co. reported a big loss for the fourth quarter of last year, in large part because of its loans to bankrupt Enron that went bad. J.P. Morgan's results were far below analysts' estimates. Citigroup Inc., another large Enron creditor, is expected to take a hit when it reports earnings Thursday.</p><p class="paywall">Duncan, like all witnesses, can refuse to talk to investigators unless given a limited grant of immunity from prosecution, meaning that his own statements would not be used against him.</p><div class="mid-banner-wrap paywall"><div class="js-in-copy-mobile ad ad--js-in-copy-mobile"><div class="ad__slot ad__slot--js-in-copy-mobile"></div></div></div><p class="paywall">But "Duncan Ippears willing to cooperate and to the best of my knowledge there's been no discussion of any immunity," committee spokesman Ken Johnson said Tuesday night.</p><p class="paywall">The auditor may have relied on an Oct. 12 e-mail from an Andersen attorney who forwarded a copy of the firm's policy which allows for destruction of some documents.</p><p class="paywall">"Mr. Duncan is cooperating with all investigations. ... He did nothing wrong" and "he followed the instructions of an Andersen in-house lawyer in handling documents," said a statement from the law firm of Sullivan & Cromwell.</p><div class="mid-banner-wrap paywall"><div class="js-in-copy-rad ad ad--js-in-copy-rad"><div class="ad__slot ad__slot--js-in-copy-rad"></div></div></div><div class="mid-banner-wrap paywall"><div class="js-in-copy-mobile ad ad--js-in-copy-mobile"><div class="ad__slot ad__slot--js-in-copy-mobile"></div></div></div><p class="paywall">Duncan's lawyers disputed Andersen's assessment.</p><p class="paywall">In announcing Duncan's dismissal Tuesday, Andersen said "nothing in an Oct. 12 e-mail" authorized the type of destruction that occurred between Oct. 23 and Nov. 9. It said it had "discovered activities including the deletion of thousands of e-mails and the rushed disposal of large numbers of paper documents."</p><p class="paywall">Chicago-based Andersen said it would fire any other employees found to have participated in the improper destruction of documents, which it disclosed last week.</p><p class="paywall">Enron publicly acknowledged it was the focus of an SEC inquiry Oct. 22. On Oct. 31, the company announced the SEC was conducting a formal investigation.</p><div class="mid-banner-wrap paywall"><div class="js-in-copy-mobile ad ad--js-in-copy-mobile"><div class="ad__slot ad__slot--js-in-copy-mobile"></div></div></div><p class="paywall">Enron, formerly the world's largest energy trader, filed for bankruptcy protection on Dec. 2.</p><div class="mid-banner-wrap paywall"><div class="js-in-copy-rad ad ad--js-in-copy-rad"><div class="ad__slot ad__slot--js-in-copy-rad"></div></div></div><p class="paywall">The SEC has been investigating Andersen's role in Enron's complex accounting, including questionable partnerships that kept about $500 million in debt off the energy company's books and allowed Enron executives to profit from the arrangements.</p><p class="paywall">The SEC's enforcement director, Stephen M. Cutler, said last week the agency was widening the scope of its investigation to include Andersen's destruction of documents.</p><div class="mid-banner-wrap paywall"><div class="js-in-copy-mobile ad ad--js-in-copy-mobile"><div class="ad__slot ad__slot--js-in-copy-mobile"></div></div></div><p class="paywall">The Justice Department is pursuing a criminal investigation of Enron, which became the biggest corporate bankruptcy in U.S. history on Dec. 2.</p><p class="paywall">``If anyone at Enron broke the rules, they will be punished,'' Treasury Secretary Paul O'Neill said in a speech to a retailers' group.</p><p class="paywall">O'Neill is among the administration officials who received telephone calls last fall from Enron Chairman Kenneth Lay Bush's biggest campaign benefactor seeking help for Enron as it careened toward collapse. O'Neill has said he dismissed any suggestion of intervening to help the company.</p><div class="mid-banner-wrap paywall"><div class="js-in-copy-rad ad ad--js-in-copy-rad"><div class="ad__slot ad__slot--js-in-copy-rad"></div></div></div><div class="mid-banner-wrap paywall"><div class="js-in-copy-mobile ad ad--js-in-copy-mobile"><div class="ad__slot ad__slot--js-in-copy-mobile"></div></div></div><p class="paywall">In other developments:</p><p class="paywall">Another potentially important witness said she gave Enron's chairman a warning in August about the company's accounting practices because <code>I thought Ken Lay ought to know the facts and look into them.'' Lay was </code>concerned'' when he listened to her, Sherron Watkins told Houston television station KTRK. In a letter to Lay, Watkins said ``we will implode in a wave of accounting scandals'' unless the company halted practices that eventually sent it into bankruptcy.</p><p class="paywall"><code>Has Enron become a risky place to work?,'' Watkins asked Lay in the seven-page letter. </code>For those of us who didn't get rich over the last few years, can we afford to stay?''</p><p class="paywall">She said the abrupt resignation in August of chief executive officer Jeffrey Skilling ``will raise suspicions of accounting improprieties.''</p><p class="paywall">A law firm representing Enron employees in a lawsuit said the company incorrectly told its employees in September that they would be barred for about a month starting Oct. 19 from selling Enron stock in their 401(k) retirement accounts. The stock price plummeted during that period. The company says the actual period was a week, but the law firm said employees didn't realize that because Enron didn't send out a correction to its initial erroneous e-mail. The law firm released a copy of the Sept. 27 e-mail from Enron to employees saying that the company was changing the retirement plan's trustee and that during a one-month transition starting Oct. 19, participants ``are not able to ... request a withdrawal or close an account.''</p></div></article></main><div class="most-popular-side-bar-component" style="transition:opacity 1s cubic-bezier(.33, .66, .66, 1);opacity:0"><aside class="sidebar-component sidebar-component--right sidebar-component--is-sticky" style="height:100%"><div class="component-sticky " style="top:115px"><div><div class="js-post-listing-rad ad ad--side_rail"><div class="ad__slot ad__slot--side_rail"></div></div><div style="opacity:1"><div class="post-listing-component most-popular"><div class="post-listing-component__wrapper"><div class="title-bar-component title-bar-component--security"><span><h4 class="">Most Popular</h4></span></div><ul class="post-listing-component__list"><li class="post-listing-list-item__post"><a 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n=parseFloat(e[1])/parseFloat(e[0])*100,r=t.parentNode;r.classList.add("cns-ads-flex"),r.querySelector(".cns-ads-flex-sizer").style.paddingTop=n+"%"}(l,a):o(l,r)&&function(e){e.parentNode.classList.add("full-screen")}(a),e||(c=["height","width","padding","margin"],[a,d].forEach(function(e){c.forEach(function(t){e.removeAttribute(t)})}),function(e){return 9===e[0]}(l)||function(e,t,n){var r='[id^="google_ads_iframe"]:not([id$="to_be_removed__"]):not([id$="hidden__"])',o=find$1(t,"iframe"+r),a=find$1(t,"div"+r);i(e,n),i(o,n),i(a,n)}(a,d,l)))}}function getCookie(e,t){for(var n=(t=t||document.cookie).split(";"),r=RegExp("^\\s*"+e+"=\\s*(.*?)\\s*$"),i=0;i<n.length;i++){var o=n[i].match(r);if(o)return o[1]}}_fixReWks("replace",2,function(e,t,n){return[function(r,i){var o=e(this),a=void 0==r?void 0:r[t];return void 0!==a?a.call(r,o,i):n.call(String(o),r,i)},n]}),_fixReWks("match",1,function(e,t,n){return[function(n){var r=e(this),i=void 0==n?void 0:n[t];return void 0!==i?i.call(n,r):new 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t=e.slotTargeting,n=e.pageTargeting;return{dim1:JSON.stringify({adBlock:n.adblock&&n.adblock.join(),channel:e.channel,device:e.device,server:e.server,subChannel:e.subChannel,template:e.templateType,version:e.version}),dim2:JSON.stringify({adUnitPath:e.adUnitPath,advertiserId:e.advertiserId,campaignId:e.campaignId,creativeId:e.creativeId,elementId:e.slotElementId,instance:e.instance,isBackfill:e.isBackfill,isEmpty:e.isEmpty,isFirstImpression:e.isFirstImpression,isFirstImpressionViewable:e.isFirstImpressionViewable,isFirstRequested:e.isFirstRequested,isFirstMoneyImpression:e.isFirstMoneyImpression,isFirstMoneyImpressionViewable:e.isFirstMoneyImpressionViewable,isFirstMoneyRequested:e.isFirstMoneyRequested,isRefresh:e.requestNumber>0,keywords:e.keywords,lineItemId:e.lineItemId,name:t.ctx_slot_name&&t.ctx_slot_name.join(),outOfPage:e.outOfPage,requestNumber:e.requestNumber.toString(),size:e.size,sizes:e.sizes,slug:e.slug,suffix:e.suffix}),dim3:JSON.stringify({footerStart:e.footerStart,headerStart:e.headerStart,navigationStart:get(performance,"timing.navigationStart"),injected:e.injected,viewable:e.viewable,viewport:e.viewport,impression:e.impression}),dim4:JSON.stringify(Object.assign({},t,n))}}function 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setFirstImpressionMetric(){performance.mark("ATP-First-Impression"),performance.measure("ATP-Init-To-First-Impression","ATP-Init","ATP-First-Impression")}function setFirstMoneyImpressionMetric(){performance.mark("ATP-First-Money-Impression"),performance.measure("ATP-Init-To-First-Money-Impression","ATP-Init","ATP-First-Money-Impression")}function setFirstViewableMetric(){performance.mark("ATP-First-Viewable-Impression"),performance.measure("ATP-Init-To-Viewable-Impression","ATP-Init","ATP-First-Viewable-Impression")}function setFirstMoneyViewableMetric(){performance.mark("ATP-First-Money-Viewable-Impression"),performance.measure("ATP-Init-To-Money-Viewable-Impression","ATP-Init","ATP-First-Money-Viewable-Impression")}window.BOOMR_mq=window.BOOMR_mq||[],window.BOOMR_mq.push(["addVar","cnsLib",version]);var events={adsReady:setAdsReadyMetric,pubadsReady:setPubadsReadyMetric,firstRequested:setFirstRequestedMetric,firstMoneyRequested:setFirstMoneyRequestedMetric,firstImpression:setFirstImpressionMetric,firstMoneyImpression:setFirstMoneyImpressionMetric,firstImpressionViewable:setFirstViewableMetric,firstMoneyImpressionViewable:setFirstMoneyViewableMetric};function emitBoomPixel(e){events[e]?events[e]():error("boomerang-rum-collector.eventNotDefined")}function getViewportTemplate(){var e=window.innerWidth;return e<768?"mobile":e<1024?"tablet":"desktop"}function PubadsCollector(){var e=getViewportTemplate(),t={},n={isFirstRequested:!1,isFirstImpression:!1,isImpressionViewable:!1},r=!0,i=!0,o=!0;function a(e,t,r,i){var o=t.slot,a=o.getOutOfPage(),s=o.getAdUnitPath().match(/\.cm\//),c=t.isEmpty;return a||s||c||(n[e]=n[e]?n[e]:r+i),n[e]&&n[e]===r+i}this.emitReady=function(){var e=get(window,"cns.timing.pubadsReady")||Date.now();set(window,"cns.timing.pubadsReady",e),wren.onPubadsReady(),sparrowCollector.onPubadsReady(),emitBoomPixel("pubadsReady")},this.onSlotRenderEnded=function(n){var i=n.slot.getSlotElementId(),o=t[i]||{},s=function(e){var n=new SlotMetricsReport(e),r=t[e.slot.getAdUnitPath()]||{},i=window.cns,o=getPageContext(window),a=getPageTargeting(),s=i.timing||{};return Object.assign({},r,n,o,{pageTargeting:a,version:version},s)}(n),c=o&&o.requestNumber>=0?o.requestNumber+1:0,u=a("isFirstRequested",n,i,c),l={device:e,adBlock:get(window,"cns.pageContext.adBlock")||!1,isRefresh:o&&o.requestNumber>=0,requestNumber:c,injected:Date.now(),isFirstMoneyRequested:u,isFirstRequested:r,viewport:"",impression:"",viewable:""},f=Object.assign(o,l,s);t[i]=f,sparrowCollector.emitSparrowPixel("slotRendered",f),wren.onSlotRenderEnded(n,l),r&&(emitBoomPixel("firstRequested"),r=!1),u&&emitBoomPixel("firstMoneyRequested")},this.onSlotOnload=function(e){var n=e.slot.getSlotElementId(),r=t[n];r&&(r.isFirstMoneyImpression=a("isFirstImpression",e,n,r.requestNumber),r.isFirstImpression=i,r.impression=r.impression||Date.now(),r.isFirstMoneyImpression&&emitBoomPixel("firstMoneyImpression"),i&&(emitBoomPixel("firstImpression"),i=!1))},this.onImpressionViewable=function(e){var n=e.slot.getSlotElementId(),r=t[n]||{};r.viewable=r.viewable||Date.now(),r.isFirstMoneyImpressionViewable=a("isImpressionViewable",e,n,r.requestNumber),r.isFirstImpressionViewable=o,sparrowCollector.emitSparrowPixel("slotImpressionViewable",r),wren.onImpressionViewable(e,r),r.isFirstMoneyImpressionViewable&&emitBoomPixel("firstMoneyImpressionViewable"),o&&(emitBoomPixel("firstImpressionViewable"),o=!1)}}var UNSCOPABLES=_wks("unscopables"),ArrayProto$1=Array.prototype;void 0==ArrayProto$1[UNSCOPABLES]&&_hide(ArrayProto$1,UNSCOPABLES,{});var 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NAME$1=collections[i],explicit=DOMIterables[NAME$1],Collection=_global[NAME$1],proto=Collection&&Collection.prototype,key;if(proto&&(proto[ITERATOR$4]||_hide(proto,ITERATOR$4,ArrayValues),proto[TO_STRING_TAG]||_hide(proto,TO_STRING_TAG,NAME$1),_iterators[NAME$1]=ArrayValues,explicit))for(key in es6_array_iterator)proto[key]||_redefine(proto,key,es6_array_iterator[key],!0)}var _strictMethod=function(e,t){return!!e&&_fails(function(){t?e.call(null,function(){},1):e.call(null)})},$sort=[].sort,test=[1,2,3];_export(_export.P+_export.F*(_fails(function(){test.sort(void 0)})||!_fails(function(){test.sort(null)})||!_strictMethod($sort)),"Array",{sort:function(e){return void 0===e?$sort.call(_toObject(this)):$sort.call(_toObject(this),_aFunction(e))}});var SPECIES$1=_wks("species"),_speciesConstructor=function(e,t){var n,r=_anObject(e).constructor;return void 0===r||void 0==(n=_anObject(r)[SPECIES$1])?t:_aFunction(n)},_invoke=function(e,t,n){var r=void 0===n;switch(t.length){case 0:return r?e():e.call(n);case 1:return r?e(t[0]):e.call(n,t[0]);case 2:return r?e(t[0],t[1]):e.call(n,t[0],t[1]);case 3:return r?e(t[0],t[1],t[2]):e.call(n,t[0],t[1],t[2]);case 4:return r?e(t[0],t[1],t[2],t[3]):e.call(n,t[0],t[1],t[2],t[3])}return e.apply(n,t)},process$1=_global.process,setTask=_global.setImmediate,clearTask=_global.clearImmediate,MessageChannel=_global.MessageChannel,Dispatch=_global.Dispatch,counter=0,queue={},ONREADYSTATECHANGE="onreadystatechange",defer,channel,port,run=function(){var e=+this;if(queue.hasOwnProperty(e)){var t=queue[e];delete queue[e],t()}},listener=function(e){run.call(e.data)};setTask&&clearTask||(setTask=function(e){for(var t=[],n=1;arguments.length>n;)t.push(arguments[n++]);return queue[++counter]=function(){_invoke("function"==typeof e?e:Function(e),t)},defer(counter),counter},clearTask=function(e){delete 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r,i;for(isNode&&(r=process$2.domain)&&r.exit();e;){i=e.fn,e=e.next;try{i()}catch(r){throw e?n():t=void 0,r}}t=void 0,r&&r.enter()};if(isNode)n=function(){process$2.nextTick(r)};else if(!Observer||_global.navigator&&_global.navigator.standalone)if(Promise$1&&Promise$1.resolve){var i=Promise$1.resolve();n=function(){i.then(r)}}else n=function(){macrotask.call(_global,r)};else{var o=!0,a=document.createTextNode("");new Observer(r).observe(a,{characterData:!0}),n=function(){a.data=o=!o}}return function(r){var i={fn:r,next:void 0};t&&(t.next=i),e||(e=i,n()),t=i}};function PromiseCapability(e){var t,n;this.promise=new e(function(e,r){if(void 0!==t||void 0!==n)throw TypeError("Bad Promise constructor");t=e,n=r}),this.resolve=_aFunction(t),this.reject=_aFunction(n)}var f$4=function(e){return new 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e&&e[t]&&(n=e[t]),n},defineReadOnlyProperties(this,{slotName:t,isCM:s,isOutOfPage:!!a.isOutOfPage,refresh:this.getSlotRefreshTime(a.refresh,n),isSticky:isStickyDeviceEnabled(a[l.isSticky],n),hasStaticRefreshSize:!!a[l.hasStaticRefreshSize],suffix:a.suffix,channel:e.channel,subChannel:e.subChannel,templateType:e.templateType,override:getPathOverride(),brand:getBrandAdUnitId(),network:getNetwork(),shouldUseLegacyPath:a.should_use_legacy_path,shouldWaitForReact:!!a[l.shouldWaitForReact],requiredTargeting:a[l.requiredTargeting]||[],position:a.position,overrideRequestViewportRange:getOverrideVpRange(n,a)}),freeze(this)}this.getSlotTypeDefinition=function(e){return new m(e)},this.getSlotDefinitionFromGPTSlot=function(e){var t=e.getSlotElementId().split("_");return t.pop(),new m(t.join("_")).getSlotDefinitionFromGPTSlot(e)},this.getPageDefinition=function(){return h},freeze(this)}var reactReadyEvent="react.ready";function onReactReady(){set(window,"_cne.pageCreated",!0)}function 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e.firstElementChild},append:function(e){return e.lastElementChild}};function getInsertionTarget(e,t){if(insertionMethods[t])return insertionMethods[t](e);console.error("unknown insertion method for getInsertionTarget",{el:e,method:t})}function alreadyExists(e,t){var n=getInsertionTarget(e,t),r=n&&n.classList&&n.classList.contains("cns-ads-stage"),i=n&&n.firstChild,o=i&&i.classList&&i.classList.contains("cns-ads-stage");return!(!r&&!o)}function checkEvery(e){var t=e.injectionBlock,n=e.index;return"number"==typeof t.every&&!!t.every&&"number"==typeof n}function checkCustomCondition(e){return"function"==typeof e.customConditionFn}var shouldAddSlotConditions=[{name:"every",check:checkEvery,fn:function(e){return(e.index+1)%e.injectionBlock.every==0}},{name:"custom condition",check:checkCustomCondition,fn:function(e){return(0,e.customConditionFn)(e.domNode,e.meta)}}];function shouldAddSlot(e){for(var t=0;t<shouldAddSlotConditions.length;t++){var n="shouldAddSlot."+shouldAddSlotConditions[t].name;if(shouldAddSlotConditions[t].check(e)){var r=void 0;try{r=shouldAddSlotConditions[t].fn(e)}catch(t){debug(n+".conditionThrew",{ex:t,facts:e})}if(!r)return debug(n+".conditionNotMet",e),r;debug(n+".conditionFalse",e)}else debug(n+".checkFailed",e)}return!0}function getParentSelector(e){return"string"==typeof e?e:e.el}function getEvalResult(e){if(e)try{return eval2("("+e+")")}catch(e){error("seriesInjection",e)}}function getDomNodesForInjectionBlock(e){var t=0,n=0,r=find$1(getParentSelector(e.in));if(!r)return[];for(var i=findAll(r,e.el),o=i.length,a=getEvalResult(e.when),s=[],c=0;c<o;c++){var u=i[c],l=setMeta(o,c,i);t+=l.characterCount,n+=l.wordCount,l.accumulatedCharacterCount=t,l.accumulatedWordCount=n,shouldAddSlot({index:c,domNode:u,meta:l,customConditionFn:a,injectionBlock:e})&&s.push(u)}return s}function getCandidateElementsFromRenderBlock(e){return Object.keys(e).reduce(function(t,n){var r,i=e[n];return"string"==typeof i?r=findAll(i):isValidComplexInjection(i)?r=getDomNodesForInjectionBlock(i):(r=[],error("invalid",i)),n=normalizeMethod(n),(r=r.filter(function(e){return!alreadyExists(e,n)}))&&r.length&&(t[n]=r),t},{})}var PromiseLock=function(){var e;return function(t){return function(){for(var n=arguments.length,r=new Array(n),i=0;i<n;i++)r[i]=arguments[i];if(e){var o=e.then(function(){return t.apply(void 0,r)});return e=o.then(function(){}),o}return e=t.apply(void 0,r)}}};function createContainerEl(e,t,n){var r=createElement("div",{id:e+"_"+t});return addClasses(r,["cns-ads-container"]),setStyle(r,{margin:"0px auto",boxSizing:"content-box"}),n&&setElementData(r,n),r}function createAdDivs(e,t,n,r){var i="cns-ads-slot-type-",o=e.replace(new RegExp("_","g"),"-").toLowerCase(),a=createElement("div",{id:""+i+o+"-"+t});addClasses(a,["cns-ads-stage",i+o,i+o+"-"+t]),setElementData(a,{name:e+"_"+t,"slot-type":e}),r||setStyle(a,{fontSize:0,lineHeight:0,overflow:"hidden"}),"_out_of_page"===e&&addClasses(a,["cns-ads-slot-type-out-of-page"]);var s=createElement("div");return addClasses(s,["cns-ads-flex-sizer"]),a.appendChild(s),a.appendChild(createContainerEl(e,t,n)),a}function InjectRefreshDisplayInjectionStrategy(e,t,n,r){window.googletag=window.googletag||{};var i=window.googletag,o={after:function(e,t){return e.parentNode.insertBefore(t,e.nextSibling)},prepend:function(e,t){return e.insertBefore(t,e.children[0])},append:function(e,t){return e.appendChild(t)},before:function(e,t){return e.parentNode.insertBefore(t,e)}};this.insertSlot=function(a,s,c,u,l){fastdom.mutate(function(){var f=createAdDivs(s.slotName,s.slotCount,s.getCustomData(),r);!function(e,t,n){o[t]?o[t](e,n):e[t](n)}(c,u,f),l(f,s,function(){!function(r,o){var a=t.getSingleInstance().getPageDefinition();e(["refreshLC-serviceLT"],{pageDefinition:a},function(t){return applyTargeting(i.pubads(),t),e(["refresh"],{slotDefinition:o,slot:r,pageDefinition:a},function(e){e?(applyTargeting(r,e),n.reset(o),i.pubads().refresh([r],{changeCorrelator:!1}),debug("refreshing."+r.getSlotElementId())):error("slot targeting is missing",a,o)})})}(a,s)})})}}var allowedIntersectionOptions=["threshold","rootMargin"],defaultIntersectionObserverOptions={threshold:0,rootMargin:"0px 0px"},_ref=new EventEmitter("VisibilityObserver"),debug$1=_ref.debug,error$1=_ref.error;function isIntersecting(e){return any(e,function(e){return e.isIntersecting})}function hasHigherIntersectionRatio(e,t){return void 0===e||any(t,function(t){return t.intersectionRatio>=(e||0)})}function getIntersectionObserverOptions(e){return Object.assign({},defaultIntersectionObserverOptions,pick(e,allowedIntersectionOptions))}function observeEvents(e,t,n,r){fastdom.measure(function(){try{var i=new IntersectionObserver(function(r){hasHigherIntersectionRatio(t.intersectionRatio,r)&&isIntersecting(r)?(debug$1("visible",{el:e,entries:r}),n(!0,i)):(debug$1("notVisible",{el:e,entries:r}),n(!1,i))},getIntersectionObserverOptions(t));i.observe(e)}catch(e){r(e)}})}function onIntersection(e,t,n){observeEvents(e,t,function(e){return n(e)},function(e){return error$1("onIntersection",e)})}function onceVisible(e,t){return new Promise(function(n,r){observeEvents(e,t,function(e,t){e&&(n(),t.disconnect())},r)})}function reactRule(e,t){return!e||t}function targetingRule(e,t,n){var r=Object.keys(n),i=Object.keys(t);return all(e,function(e){return find(r,function(t){return t===e})||find(i,function(t){return t===e})})}function canRequest(e){var t=e.slotTypeDefinition,n=e.pageTargeting,r=e.slotTargeting,i=e.reactReady,o=!!r,a=targetingRule(t.requiredTargeting,r,n),s=reactRule(t.shouldWaitForReact,i),c=o&&a&&s;return debug("canRequest."+t.slotName+"."+c,{slotTypeDefinition:t,pageTargeting:n,slotTargeting:r,reactReady:i}),c}function UnassumingInsert(e,t,n,r){window.googletag=window.googletag||{};var i=window.googletag,o=t.withTargeting,a=r.getSingleInstance().getPageDefinition().isVerso,s=new InjectRefreshDisplayInjectionStrategy(o,r,n,a),c=!1;var u,l=(new PromiseLock)(function(e){var t=e.getSingleInstance().getPageDefinition();return o(["service"],{pageDefinition:t},function(n){if(n)return applyTargeting(i.pubads(),n),Promise.all(t.slotNames.map(function(r){var a,u,l,f,d=e.getSingleInstance().getSlotTypeDefinition(r);return u=function(e,r){return o(["slot"],{pageTargeting:n,slotTypeDefinition:d,reactReady:c,el:e},function(o){if(o)if(canRequest({slotTypeDefinition:d,pageTargeting:n,slotTargeting:o,reactReady:c})){var a,u=d.getSlotDefinition(),l=(a=u).isOutOfPage?i.defineOutOfPageSlot(a.getAdUnitPath(),a.id):i.defineSlot(a.getAdUnitPath(),a.getSizesArray(),a.id).defineSizeMapping(getSizeMapping(a));l?(l.addService(window.googletag.pubads()),applyTargeting(l,o),s.insertSlot(l,u,e,r,function(e,t){return function(n,r,o){var a=function(e){if(e.shouldWaitUntilVisibleBeforeDisplay())return onceVisible}(r),s=function(){var e=r.id;debug("insert.display",e),i.display(e),o()},c=e.requestViewportRange,u=t.overrideRequestViewportRange;if(a)return a(n,{rootMargin:(void 0!==u?u:c)+"px 0px"}).then(s);s()}}(t,d))):error("the slot cannot be defined",u,l)}else debug(d.slotName+".notRequestable",d,c,n,o);else error("slot type targeting is missing",t,d)})},f=(a=d).getRenderBlock(),l=getCandidateElementsFromRenderBlock(f),Promise.all(Object.keys(l).map(function(e){return debug("candidatesByMethod."+a.slotName,{method:e,els:l[e],definition:a}),Promise.all(l[e].map(function(t){return u(t,e)}))}))}));error("page targeting is missing",t)}).catch(handlePromiseError("insert error")).then(function(){return new Promise(function(e){return fastdom.mutate(function(){return setTimeout(e,1e3)})})}).catch(handlePromiseError("impossible mutate error"))});u=function(){c=!0},e.history("react.ready").length?u():e.on("react.ready",u),this.insert=function(t){var n;n=function(){var n;l(t),n=debounce(function(){return l(t)},500),e.on("react.ready",n),e.on("#.componentDidMount.#",n),e.on("#.componentDidUpdate.#",n)},i.pubadsReady?n():e.on("ads.pubadsReady",n)}}var INCLUDES="includes";_export(_export.P+_export.F*_failsIsRegexp(INCLUDES),"String",{includes:function(e){return!!~_stringContext(this,e,INCLUDES).indexOf(e,arguments.length>1?arguments[1]:void 0)}});var always=function(){return!0};function LifecycleRegistrar(e){var t=new EventEmitter("LifecycleRegistrar").warn,n={};function r(e){return e&&"object"==typeof e&&"function"==typeof e.then}function i(e){var n={};e.unshift({});for(var r=0;r<e.length;r++){var i=e[r];"object"!=typeof i&&(t("Callback should return object, instead found "+typeof i),i={}),Object.assign(n,i)}return n}e.forEach(function(e){n[e]=[]}),this.register=function(t,r,i){if(i||(i=r,r=always),!e.includes(t))throw new Error(t+" not registered in LifeCycle");n[t].push({when:r,fn:i})},this.apply=function(e){for(var t=arguments.length,o=new Array(t>1?t-1:0),a=1;a<t;a++)o[a-1]=arguments[a];var s=[];e.forEach(function(e){n[e].forEach(function(e){var t=e.when,n=e.fn;t.apply(void 0,o)&&s.push(n)})});var c=s.map(function(e){return e.apply(void 0,o)});return any(c,r)?Promise.all(c).then(i):i(c)}}var marketName$1="amazon_match_buy",apstagConfig={pubID:"3035",adServer:"googletag",bidTimeout:1e3,deals:!0,params:{}},scriptLoaded$1=!1,scriptFailedToLoad$1=!1;function AmazonMatchBuy(){var e=new EventEmitter(marketName$1),t=e.debug,n=e.warn;function r(e){return{slotID:e.getSlotElementId(),slotName:function(e){return e.getTargeting("pos")[0]+"/"+getViewportTemplate()}(e),sizes:getValidSizesFromSlot(e,validSizes).map(function(e){return getSizeStringAsArray(e)})}}function i(e,t){window.apstag._Q.push([e,t])}window.apstag=window.apstag||{init:function(){i("i",arguments)},fetchBids:function(){i("f",arguments)},_Q:[]},apstagConfig.params.si_section=getPageContext(window).channel||"",apstagConfig.params.us_privacy=getPrivacyString(),window.apstag.init(apstagConfig),this.startAuction=function(e){return t("startAuction",e.map(function(e){return e.getSlotElementId()})),new Promise(function(i){var o;scriptFailedToLoad$1?i(e.map(function(){return{}})):(scriptLoaded$1||(o=setTimeout(function(){scriptFailedToLoad$1=!0,wren.add({type:"auction.amzn.script",status:"delay"}),i(e.map(function(){return{}}))},2e3)),window.apstag.fetchBids({slots:e.map(r),bidTimeout:timeoutLength},function(r){scriptLoaded$1||(scriptLoaded$1=!0,clearTimeout(o)),scriptFailedToLoad$1&&(scriptFailedToLoad$1=!1),t("complete",r);try{window.apstag.setDisplayBids(),i(e.map(function(){return{}}))}catch(t){n("cannotHandleBidsBack",t),i(e.map(function(){return{}}))}}))})},this.isSlotEligible=isSlotEligible}function collectPromises(e,t){var n=cumulativeArgumentDebounce(function(t){var n=[],r=[],i=[],o=function(e){return i.forEach(function(t){return t(e)})};t.forEach(function(e){r.push(e[0]),i.push(e[1]),n.push(e[2])}),e(n).then(function(e){return e?e.length!==n.length?o(new Error("collectPromises: Number of results must equal number of original items")):e.forEach(function(e,t){return r[t](e)}):r.forEach(function(e){return e()})}).catch(o)},t=t||0);return function(e){return new Promise(function(t,r){return n(function(e){t(e)},r,e)})}}function isHostWhitelisted(e){var t=get(e,"config.domain");return window.location.host.indexOf(t)>-1}function areAuctionsEnabled(e){return!!isHostWhitelisted(e)&&!featureFlags.ads_disable_auctions}function isAuctionEnabled(e,t){return!!(e&&e.plugins||{})[t]}function createSlotAuctionEligible(e){return function(t){var n=t.slotDefinition,r=t.slot;return!get(window,"cns.flags.shouldNotAuction")&&!n.isOutOfPage&&!n.isCM&&e.isSlotEligible(r)}}function createStartAuction(e){return collectPromises(function(t){return e.startAuction(t.map(function(e){return e.slot}))})}var auctioneer={areAuctionsEnabled:areAuctionsEnabled,isAuctionEnabled:isAuctionEnabled,createSlotAuctionEligible:createSlotAuctionEligible,createStartAuction:createStartAuction},cookieCacheName="cn_4dsgcache",userData;function gather4dValues(e,t){var n=(get(window,e)||[]).map(function(e){return e[t]});return n.length&&n||""}function get4Dsg(e){var t=[],n="0";if(e){t=e;var r=new Date;r.setTime(r.getTime()+6048e5),document.cookie=cookieCacheName+"="+t.join(":")+"; expires="+r.toGMTString()+"; path=/;SameSite=Lax;Secure"}else{var i=getCookie(cookieCacheName);i&&(t=i.split(":"),n="1")}return{sgData:t,isCached:n}}function get4DTargeting(){var e=window,t="SparrowCache.event",n=get4Dsg(get(e,"_4d.user.sg"));return{vnd_4d_sg:n.sgData,vnd_4d_cached:n.isCached,vnd_4d_ctx_sg:get(e,"_4d.context.sg")||"",vnd_4d_ctx_topics:gather4dValues("_4d.context.entities","name"),vnd_4d_ctx_entities:gather4dValues("_4d.context.entities","name"),vnd_4d_ctx_keywords:gather4dValues("_4d.context.keywords.list","keyword"),vnd_4d_sid:get(e,t+".sID")||getCookie("sID"),vnd_4d_pid:get(e,t+".pID")||getCookie("pID"),vnd_4d_usr_topics:gather4dValues("_4d.user.topics","name"),vnd_4d_xid:getCookie("CN_xid")}}function getUserSegments(){var e=getCookie("CN_segments");return{usr_segments:e?e.split("|"):[]}}function getReferrer(e){var t=null,n=null,r=sessionStorage.getItem("ctx_ses_soc"),i={fb:"facebook.com",tw:"t.co",rd:"reddit.com",pn:"pinterest.com",ig:"instagram.com",glp:"plus.url.google.com",tbl:"t.umblr.com",qq:"qzone.qq.com",we:"weibo.com",hb:"habbo.com",vk:"vk.com",rr:"renren.com",or:"orkut.google.com",sn:"snapchat.com"};return Object.keys(i).forEach(function(o){var a=i[o];null!==e.match(a)&&(t=a,n=o,r=r||sessionStorage.setItem("ctx_ses_soc",o))}),{ctx_ses_soc:r,ctx_ref_soc:n,ctx_ref_url:t}}function isStorageEnabled(){try{return window.localStorage.setItem("testKey","1"),window.localStorage.removeItem("testKey"),!0}catch(e){return!1}}function checkDate(e,t){return t>e}function trimDate(e,t){return e?e.toString().split(",").filter(function(e){var n=parseInt(e,10);return checkDate(t,n)}):[]}function timeTravel(e,t){var n=new Date(e).getDate()-t;return new Date(e).setDate(n)}function getSessionData(){var e=(new Date).getTime(),t=timeTravel(e,1),n=timeTravel(e,30),r=parseInt(sessionStorage.getItem("session-visits"),10)||0;sessionStorage.setItem("session-visits",(r+1).toString());var i=sessionStorage.getItem("session-visits"),o=localStorage.getItem("session-visit-dates"),a=localStorage.getItem("total-visits");r||(o=o?o+","+e:e);var s=a?a+","+e:e,c=trimDate(s,t),u=trimDate(s,n),l=trimDate(o,n);return localStorage.setItem("total-visits",u.join(",")),localStorage.setItem("session-visit-dates",l.join(",")),{usr_pvc_bs:i,usr_pvc_24hr:c.length,usr_pvc_30d:u.length,usr_svc_30d:l.length}}function getUserBuckets(){var e=localStorage.getItem("usr_bkt_eva"),t=sessionStorage.getItem("usr_bkt_ses");return e||(e=Math.floor(100*Math.random())+1,localStorage.setItem("usr_bkt_eva",e)),t||(t=Math.floor(100*Math.random())+1,sessionStorage.setItem("usr_bkt_ses",t)),{usr_bkt_eva:e,usr_bkt_ses:t,usr_bkt_pv:Math.floor(100*Math.random())+1}}function getMediaBuy(){return{mbid:(parse(document.location.search)||{}).mbid}}function getUserAuth(){return{usr_auth:(!!getCookie("pay_ent_sub")||!!getCookie("ee_status")).toString()}}function resetUserData(){userData=!1}function getUserGid(){var e,t=getCookie("_ga");return new RegExp(/^GA1.2./).test(t)&&(e=t.split("GA1.2.")[1]),{usr_gid:e}}function getUserDataPageTargeting(){if(!isStorageEnabled())return{};if(userData)return userData;var e=document.referrer;return userData=Object.assign({},getUserBuckets(),getSessionData(),getReferrer(e),getMediaBuy(),getUserAuth(),getUserGid())}function AdobeAudienceManager(){function e(e,t){var n=t[0],r=t[1],i="vnd_aam_"+n.toLowerCase(),o=e[i]||[];return o.push(r),e[i]=o,e}this.getTargeting=function(){var t=getCookie("aamconde"),n=getCookie("aam_uuid"),r=t&&function(t){return decodeURIComponent(t).split(";").map(function(e){return e.split("=")}).reduce(e,{})}(t),i=n&&{vnd_aam_uuid:[decodeURIComponent(n)]};return Object.assign({},i,r)}}function Proximic(){this.getTargeting=function(){var e,t=get(window,"CN.ad.proximic.pxData.data");return t?((e={}).vnd_prx_segments=t,e):(window.gotSegmentData=this.gotSegmentData,{})}.bind(this),this.gotSegmentData=function(e){var t,n=e.data;applyTargeting(window.googletag.pubads(),((t={}).vnd_prx_segments=n,t))}}function fromCamelToSnake(e){return e.replace(/([a-z])([A-Z])/g,"$1_$2").toLowerCase()}function set$2(e,t,n){void 0===e[t]&&(e[t]=n)}function push(e,t,n){e[t]=e[t]||[],e[t].push(n)}function contains(e,t){return-1!==e.indexOf(t)}function startsWith(e,t){return e.slice(0,t.length)===t}function getTargeting(e,t,n,r){for(var i=r.el,o=e.length,a={},s=i;s;)1===s.nodeType&&function(){var r=s.dataset;Object.keys(r).forEach(function(i){var s=r[i];if(startsWith(i,e)&&"string"==typeof s){var c=fromCamelToSnake(i.slice(o)),u=contains(t,c)?s.split(","):s;contains(n,c)?push(a,c,u):set$2(a,c,u)}})}(),s=s.parentNode;return a}var invalidSpecialCharacters=new RegExp("[\"',=!#~;<>\\]+*^()[\\s]","g"),consecutiveUnderscores=/_+/g,consecutiveDashes=/-+/g,leadingTrailingUnderscores=/(^_|_$)/g,leadingTrailingDashes=/(^-|-$)/g,leadingNumbers=/^[0-9]/,allowedTypes=["string","number"],isAllowedType=function(e){return allowedTypes.indexOf(typeof e)>=0},isValidValue=function(e){return isAllowedType(e)};function toArray(e){return Array.isArray(e)?e:[e]}function isValidKey(e){return(e=e.toString().trim()).length&&!e.match(invalidSpecialCharacters)&&e.length<=20&&!e.match(leadingNumbers)}function applyGPTLimits(e){return e.toString().toLowerCase().replace(invalidSpecialCharacters,"_").replace(consecutiveUnderscores,"_").replace(leadingTrailingUnderscores,"")}function push$1(e,t,n){e[t]=e[t]||[],e[t].push(n)}function sanitizeWithDashes(e){return e.toString().toLowerCase().replace(invalidSpecialCharacters,"-").replace(consecutiveDashes,"-").replace(leadingTrailingDashes,"")}function sanitize(e){for(var t={},n={},r=Object.keys(e),i=0;i<r.length;i++){var o=r[i];if(isValidKey(o))for(var a=toArray(e[o]),s=0;s<a.length;s++){var c=a[s];isValidValue(c)?push$1(t,o,applyGPTLimits(c)):push$1(n,o,c)}else n[o]=e[o]}return{sanitized:t,errors:n}}function getAllKeywordTargeting(e){void 0===e&&(e={});var t={};return Object.keys(e).forEach(function(n){t["cnt_"+n]=e[n]}),t}function TargetingLifecycle(e,t){var n=new LifecycleRegistrar(["service","slot","refresh","refreshLC-serviceLT"]),r=new AdobeAudienceManager,i=new Proximic;function o(e){if(!1===e)return e;var t=sanitize(e),n=t.errors,r=t.sanitized;return n&&Object.keys(n).length&&debug("targetingSanitizationErrors",{errors:n,sanitized:r}),r}if(n.register("service",function(e){var t=e.pageDefinition;return Object.assign({env_device_type:t.device,ctx_template:t.templateType,ctx_page_channel:sanitizeWithDashes(t.channel),ctx_page_sub_channel:t.subChannel,env_server:t.server,ctx_cns_version:version,ctx_page_slug:t.slug},getAllKeywordTargeting(t.keywords))}),n.register("service",t.getTargeting),n.register("service",getUserDataPageTargeting),n.register("service",r.getTargeting),n.register("service",i.getTargeting),n.register("service",getUserSegments),n.register("refreshLC-serviceLT",get4DTargeting),Object.keys(queryParameters).length&&n.register("service",function(){var e=queryParameters.ao_test,t=queryParameters.service_targeting,n={};if(e&&(n.ao_test=e.split(",")),t){var r=JSON.parse(t);Object.keys(r).forEach(function(e){n[e]=r[e]})}return n}),n.register("slot",function(e){var t=e.slotTypeDefinition;return{pos:t.position,ctx_slot_type:t.slotName,ctx_slot_rn:0}}),n.register("slot",getTargeting.bind(null,"ads",["cnt_tags","cnt_cm"],[])),n.register("refresh",function(e){var 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