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Economy of Canada - Wikipedia

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					<h1 id="section_0">Economy of Canada</h1>
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<p>The <b>economy of Canada</b> is a <a href="/wiki/Developed_country" title="Developed country">highly developed</a> <a href="/wiki/Market_economy" title="Market economy">market economy</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-26" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-26">[24]</a></sup> It is the <a href="/wiki/List_of_countries_by_GDP_(nominal)" title="List of countries by GDP (nominal)">10th largest GDP by nominal</a> and <a href="/wiki/List_of_countries_by_GDP_(PPP)" title="List of countries by GDP (PPP)">16th largest GDP by PPP</a> in the world. As with other developed nations, the country's economy is dominated by the <a href="/wiki/Tertiary_sector_of_industry" class="mw-redirect" title="Tertiary sector of industry">service industry</a> which employs about three quarters of <a href="/wiki/Canadians" title="Canadians">Canadians</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-27" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-27">[25]</a></sup> <a href="/wiki/Canada" title="Canada">Canada</a> has the fourth highest total estimated value of <a href="/wiki/Natural_resources" class="mw-redirect" title="Natural resources">natural resources</a>, valued at US$33.2 trillion in 2016.<sup id="cite_ref-28" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-28">[26]</a></sup> It has the world's <a href="/wiki/List_of_countries_by_proven_oil_reserves" title="List of countries by proven oil reserves">third largest proven petroleum reserves</a> and is the <a href="/wiki/List_of_countries_by_oil_exports" title="List of countries by oil exports">fourth largest exporter of petroleum</a>. It is also the <a href="/wiki/List_of_countries_by_natural_gas_exports" title="List of countries by natural gas exports">fourth largest exporter of natural gas</a>. Canada is considered an "<a href="/wiki/Energy_superpower" title="Energy superpower">energy superpower</a>" due to its abundant natural resources and a small population of 37 million inhabitants relative to its land area.<sup id="cite_ref-29" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-29">[27]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-Kvint2010_30-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Kvint2010-30">[28]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-Dyment2010_31-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Dyment2010-31">[29]</a></sup></p><table class="infobox" style="width:22em;width:26.0em;padding:0;"><caption class="adr">Economy of <span class="country-name">Canada</span></caption><tbody><tr><td colspan="2" style="text-align:center"><a href="/wiki/File:Toronto_(15085972212).jpg" class="image"><img alt="Toronto (15085972212).jpg" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/35/Toronto_%2815085972212%29.jpg/310px-Toronto_%2815085972212%29.jpg" decoding="async" width="310" height="207" data-file-width="5184" data-file-height="3456"></a><div><a href="/wiki/Toronto" title="Toronto">Toronto</a>, the <a href="/wiki/Financial_centre" title="Financial centre">financial centre</a> of Canada</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row">Currency</th><td><a href="/wiki/Canadian_dollar" title="Canadian dollar">Canadian dollar</a> (CAD, C$)</td></tr><tr><th scope="row"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Fiscal_year" title="Fiscal year">Fiscal year</a></div></th><td>1 April – 29 March</td></tr><tr><th scope="row"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Trade organizations</div></th><td><a href="/wiki/Comprehensive_and_Progressive_Agreement_for_Trans-Pacific_Partnership" title="Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership">CPTPP</a>, <a href="/wiki/North_American_Free_Trade_Agreement" title="North American Free Trade Agreement">NAFTA</a>, <a href="/wiki/Organisation_for_Economic_Co-operation_and_Development" class="mw-redirect" title="Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development">OECD</a>, <a href="/wiki/World_Trade_Organization" title="World Trade Organization">WTO</a> and others</td></tr><tr><th scope="row"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Country group</div></th><td><div class="plainlist">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Developed_country" title="Developed country">Developed/Advanced</a><sup id="cite_ref-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-1">[1]</a></sup></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/World_Bank_high-income_economy" title="World Bank high-income economy">High-income economy</a><sup id="cite_ref-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-2">[2]</a></sup></li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th colspan="2" style="text-align:center;background:lightblue;">Statistics</th></tr><tr><th scope="row">Population</th><td><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"> 37,797,496 (Q3, 2019)<sup id="cite_ref-3" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-3">[3]</a></sup></td></tr><tr><th scope="row"><a href="/wiki/Gross_domestic_product" title="Gross domestic product">GDP</a></th><td><div class="plainlist">
<ul><li><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"> $1.731 trillion (nominal, 2019 est.)<sup id="cite_ref-IMFWEOCA_4-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-IMFWEOCA-4">[4]</a></sup></li>
<li><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"> $1.900 trillion (<a href="/wiki/Purchasing_power_parity" title="Purchasing power parity">PPP</a>, 2019 est.)<sup id="cite_ref-IMFWEOCA_4-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-IMFWEOCA-4">[4]</a></sup></li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row">GDP rank</th><td><div class="plainlist">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/List_of_countries_by_GDP_(nominal)" title="List of countries by GDP (nominal)">10th (nominal, 2019)</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/List_of_countries_by_GDP_(PPP)" title="List of countries by GDP (PPP)">17th (PPP, 2019)</a></li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">GDP growth</div></th><td><div class="plainlist">
<ul><li>3.0% (2017) 1.9% (2018)</li>
<li>1.5% (2019e) 1.8% (2020e)<sup id="cite_ref-IMFWEOCA_4-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-IMFWEOCA-4">[4]</a></sup></li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">GDP per capita</div></th><td><div class="plainlist">
<ul><li><img alt="Decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/11px-Decrease2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Decrease" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/17px-Decrease2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/22px-Decrease2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"> $46,213 (nominal, 2019 est.)<sup id="cite_ref-IMFWEOCA_4-3" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-IMFWEOCA-4">[4]</a></sup></li>
<li><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"> $50,725 (<a href="/wiki/Purchasing_power_parity" title="Purchasing power parity">PPP</a>, 2019 est.)<sup id="cite_ref-IMFWEOCA_4-4" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-IMFWEOCA-4">[4]</a></sup></li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">GDP per capita rank</div></th><td><div class="plainlist">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/List_of_countries_by_GDP_(nominal)_per_capita" title="List of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita">17th (nominal, 2019)</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/List_of_countries_by_GDP_(PPP)_per_capita" title="List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita">21st (PPP, 2018)</a></li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">GDP by sector</div></th><td><div class="plainlist">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Primary_sector_of_the_economy" title="Primary sector of the economy">agriculture</a>: 1.6%</li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Secondary_sector_of_the_economy" title="Secondary sector of the economy">industry</a>: 28.2%</li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Tertiary_sector_of_the_economy" title="Tertiary sector of the economy">services</a>: 70.2%</li>
<li>(2017 est.)<sup id="cite_ref-CIAWFCA_5-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-CIAWFCA-5">[5]</a></sup></li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;line-height:1.2em"><a href="/wiki/Inflation" title="Inflation">Inflation</a> (<a href="/wiki/Consumer_price_index" title="Consumer price index">CPI</a>)</div></th><td>2.243% (2018)<sup id="cite_ref-IMFWEOCA_4-5" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-IMFWEOCA-4">[4]</a></sup></td></tr><tr><th scope="row"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Population below <span class="nowrap"><a href="/wiki/Poverty_threshold" title="Poverty threshold">poverty line</a></span></div></th><td>9.4% (2008 est.)<sup id="cite_ref-CIAWFCA_5-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-CIAWFCA-5">[5]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-6" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-6">[note 1]</a></sup></td></tr><tr><th scope="row"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Gini_coefficient" title="Gini coefficient"><span class="wrap">Gini coefficient</span></a></div></th><td><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"> 31.0 <span style="color:darkorange">medium</span> (2017)<sup id="cite_ref-7" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-7">[6]</a></sup></td></tr><tr><th scope="row"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Human_Development_Index" title="Human Development Index">Human Development Index</a></div></th><td><div class="plainlist">
<ul><li><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"> 0.922 <span style="color:green">very high</span> (2018)<sup id="cite_ref-8" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-8">[7]</a></sup> (<a href="/wiki/List_of_countries_by_Human_Development_Index" title="List of countries by Human Development Index">13th</a>)</li>
<li>0.841 <a href="/wiki/List_of_countries_by_inequality-adjusted_HDI" title="List of countries by inequality-adjusted HDI">IHDI</a> (2018)<sup id="cite_ref-9" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-9">[8]</a></sup></li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Labour force</div></th><td><div class="plainlist">
<ul><li><img alt="Decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/11px-Decrease2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Decrease" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/17px-Decrease2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/22px-Decrease2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"> 20.270 million (December, 2019)<sup id="cite_ref-LaborForce_10-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-LaborForce-10">[9]</a></sup></li>
<li><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"> 61.8% employment rate (December, 2019)<sup id="cite_ref-LaborForce_10-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-LaborForce-10">[9]</a></sup></li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row">Unemployment</th><td><div class="plainlist">
<ul><li><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"> 5.6% (December, 2019)<sup id="cite_ref-LaborForce_10-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-LaborForce-10">[9]</a></sup></li>
<li><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"> 11.1% youth unemployment (December, 2019)<sup id="cite_ref-11" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-11">[10]</a></sup></li>
<li><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"> 1.143 million unemployed (December, 2019)<sup id="cite_ref-LaborForce_10-3" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-LaborForce-10">[9]</a></sup></li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Average gross salary</div></th><td>$1,042 weekly (September 2019)<sup id="cite_ref-12" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-12">[11]</a></sup></td></tr><tr><th scope="row"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Main industries</div></th><td><div class="hlist hlist-separated"><ul><li><a href="/wiki/Material-handling_equipment" title="Material-handling equipment">Transportation equipment</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Chemicals" class="mw-redirect" title="Chemicals">chemicals</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Minerals" class="mw-redirect" title="Minerals">minerals</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Food_products" class="mw-redirect" title="Food products">food products</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Wood" title="Wood">wood</a> and <a href="/wiki/Paper" title="Paper">paper</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Fish_products" title="Fish products">fish products</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Petroleum" title="Petroleum">petroleum</a></li><li><a href="/wiki/Natural_gas" title="Natural gas">natural gas</a></li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Ease_of_doing_business_index" title="Ease of doing business index"><span class="wrap">Ease-of-doing-business rank</span></a></div></th><td><img alt="Decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/11px-Decrease2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Decrease" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/17px-Decrease2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/22px-Decrease2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"> <a href="/wiki/Ease_of_doing_business_index#Ranking" title="Ease of doing business index">23rd (very easy, 2020)</a><sup id="cite_ref-World_Bank_and_International_Financial_Corporation_13-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-World_Bank_and_International_Financial_Corporation-13">[12]</a></sup></td></tr><tr><th colspan="2" style="text-align:center;background:lightblue;">External</th></tr><tr><th scope="row">Exports</th><td><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"> $585 billion (2018)<sup id="cite_ref-econ_14-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-econ-14">[13]</a></sup></td></tr><tr><th scope="row"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Export goods</div></th><td><a href="/wiki/Motor_vehicle" title="Motor vehicle">motor vehicles</a> and parts, <a href="/wiki/Industry" title="Industry">industrial</a> machinery, <a href="/wiki/Aircraft" title="Aircraft">aircraft</a>, <a href="/wiki/Telecommunications" class="mw-redirect" title="Telecommunications">telecommunications</a> equipment; <a href="/wiki/Chemicals" class="mw-redirect" title="Chemicals">chemicals</a>, <a href="/wiki/Plastic" title="Plastic">plastics</a>, <a href="/wiki/Fertilizer" title="Fertilizer">fertilizers</a>; <a href="/wiki/Wood_pulp" class="mw-redirect" title="Wood pulp">wood pulp</a>, <a href="/wiki/Timber" class="mw-redirect" title="Timber">timber</a>, <a href="/wiki/Crude_petroleum" class="mw-redirect" title="Crude petroleum">crude petroleum</a>, natural gas, electricity, aluminum</td></tr><tr><th scope="row"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Main export partners</div></th><td><div class="plainlist"><ul><li><span class="flagicon"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/a/a4/Flag_of_the_United_States.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png" decoding="async" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/a/a4/Flag_of_the_United_States.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/a/a4/Flag_of_the_United_States.svg/46px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1235" data-file-height="650"> </span><a href="/wiki/United_States" title="United States">United States</a> 76.2%</li><li><span class="flagicon"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b7/Flag_of_Europe.svg/23px-Flag_of_Europe.svg.png" decoding="async" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b7/Flag_of_Europe.svg/35px-Flag_of_Europe.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b7/Flag_of_Europe.svg/45px-Flag_of_Europe.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="810" data-file-height="540"> </span><a href="/wiki/European_Union" title="European Union">European Union</a> 7.7%</li><li><span class="flagicon"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fa/Flag_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China.svg.png" decoding="async" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fa/Flag_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fa/Flag_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China.svg/45px-Flag_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> </span><a href="/wiki/China" title="China">China</a> 4.1%</li><li><span class="flagicon"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/9/9e/Flag_of_Japan.svg/23px-Flag_of_Japan.svg.png" decoding="async" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/9/9e/Flag_of_Japan.svg/35px-Flag_of_Japan.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/9/9e/Flag_of_Japan.svg/45px-Flag_of_Japan.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> </span><a href="/wiki/Japan" title="Japan">Japan</a> 2.1%</li><li><span class="flagicon"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fc/Flag_of_Mexico.svg/23px-Flag_of_Mexico.svg.png" decoding="async" width="23" height="13" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fc/Flag_of_Mexico.svg/35px-Flag_of_Mexico.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fc/Flag_of_Mexico.svg/46px-Flag_of_Mexico.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="980" data-file-height="560"> </span><a href="/wiki/Mexico" title="Mexico">Mexico</a> 1.5%</li><li>Other 8.4%<sup id="cite_ref-wto_15-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-wto-15">[14]</a></sup></li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row">Imports</th><td><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"> $607 billion (2018)<sup id="cite_ref-econ_14-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-econ-14">[13]</a></sup></td></tr><tr><th scope="row"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Import goods</div></th><td>machinery and equipment, motor vehicles and parts, <a href="/wiki/Crude_oil" class="mw-redirect" title="Crude oil">crude oil</a>, chemicals, <a href="/wiki/Electricity" title="Electricity">electricity</a>, durable <a href="/wiki/Consumer_goods" class="mw-redirect" title="Consumer goods">consumer goods</a></td></tr><tr><th scope="row"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Main import partners</div></th><td><div class="plainlist"><ul><li><span class="flagicon"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/a/a4/Flag_of_the_United_States.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png" decoding="async" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/a/a4/Flag_of_the_United_States.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/a/a4/Flag_of_the_United_States.svg/46px-Flag_of_the_United_States.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1235" data-file-height="650"> </span><a href="/wiki/United_States" title="United States">United States</a> 52.2%</li><li><span class="flagicon"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fa/Flag_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China.svg.png" decoding="async" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fa/Flag_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China.svg/35px-Flag_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fa/Flag_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China.svg/45px-Flag_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> </span><a href="/wiki/China" title="China">China</a> 12.1%</li><li><span class="flagicon"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b7/Flag_of_Europe.svg/23px-Flag_of_Europe.svg.png" decoding="async" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b7/Flag_of_Europe.svg/35px-Flag_of_Europe.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b7/Flag_of_Europe.svg/45px-Flag_of_Europe.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="810" data-file-height="540"> </span><a href="/wiki/European_Union" title="European Union">European Union</a> 11.4%</li><li><span class="flagicon"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fc/Flag_of_Mexico.svg/23px-Flag_of_Mexico.svg.png" decoding="async" width="23" height="13" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fc/Flag_of_Mexico.svg/35px-Flag_of_Mexico.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fc/Flag_of_Mexico.svg/46px-Flag_of_Mexico.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="980" data-file-height="560"> </span><a href="/wiki/Mexico" title="Mexico">Mexico</a> 6.2%</li><li><span class="flagicon"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/9/9e/Flag_of_Japan.svg/23px-Flag_of_Japan.svg.png" decoding="async" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/9/9e/Flag_of_Japan.svg/35px-Flag_of_Japan.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/9/9e/Flag_of_Japan.svg/45px-Flag_of_Japan.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="600"> </span><a href="/wiki/Japan" title="Japan">Japan</a> 3%</li><li>Other 15.1%<sup id="cite_ref-wto_15-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-wto-15">[14]</a></sup></li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Foreign_direct_investment" title="Foreign direct investment">FDI</a> stock</div></th><td><div class="plainlist">
<ul><li><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"> $1.045 trillion  (31 December 2017 est.)<sup id="cite_ref-CIAWFSN_16-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-CIAWFSN-16">[15]</a></sup></li>
<li><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"> Abroad: $1.366 trillion (31 December 2017 est.)<sup id="cite_ref-CIAWFSN_16-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-CIAWFSN-16">[15]</a></sup></li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Current_account_(balance_of_payments)" title="Current account (balance of payments)"><span class="wrap">Current account</span></a></div></th><td>$−17.3 billion (Q1 2019)<sup id="cite_ref-17" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-17">[16]</a></sup></td></tr><tr><th scope="row"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Gross <a href="/wiki/External_debt" title="External debt"><span class="wrap">external debt</span></a></div></th><td>$1.791 trillion (31 March 2017)<sup id="cite_ref-18" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-18">[17]</a></sup></td></tr><tr><th colspan="2" style="text-align:center;background:lightblue;">Public finances</th></tr><tr><th scope="row"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/List_of_countries_by_public_debt" title="List of countries by public debt"><span class="wrap">Public debt</span></a></div></th><td><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"> 89.7% of GDP (2017 est.)<sup id="cite_ref-CIAWFCA_5-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-CIAWFCA-5">[5]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-19" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-19">[note 2]</a></sup></td></tr><tr><th scope="row"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/List_of_countries_by_current_account_balance_as_a_percentage_of_GDP" title="List of countries by current account balance as a percentage of GDP"><span class="wrap">Budget balance</span></a></div></th><td>−1% (of GDP) (2017 est.)<sup id="cite_ref-CIAWFCA_5-3" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-CIAWFCA-5">[5]</a></sup></td></tr><tr><th scope="row">Revenues</th><td>649.6 billion (2017 est.)<sup id="cite_ref-CIAWFCA_5-4" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-CIAWFCA-5">[5]</a></sup></td></tr><tr><th scope="row">Expenses</th><td>665.7 billion (2017 est.)<sup id="cite_ref-CIAWFCA_5-5" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-CIAWFCA-5">[5]</a></sup></td></tr><tr><th scope="row">Economic aid</th><td><i>donor</i>: <a href="/wiki/Official_development_assistance" title="Official development assistance">ODA</a>, $3.96 billion (2016)<sup id="cite_ref-oecd-aid_20-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-oecd-aid-20">[18]</a></sup></td></tr><tr><th scope="row"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/List_of_countries_by_credit_rating" title="List of countries by credit rating"><span class="wrap">Credit rating</span></a></div></th><td><div class="plainlist">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Standard_%26_Poor%27s" title="Standard & Poor's">Standard & Poor's</a>:<sup id="cite_ref-21" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-21">[19]</a></sup></li></ul><div class="hlist hlist-separated"><ul><li>AAA</li><li>Outlook: Stable</li></ul></div> 
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Moody%27s" class="mw-redirect" title="Moody's">Moody's</a>:<sup id="cite_ref-22" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-22">[20]</a></sup></li></ul><div class="hlist hlist-separated"><ul><li>AAA</li><li>Outlook: Stable</li></ul></div>
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Fitch_Group" class="mw-redirect" title="Fitch Group">Fitch</a>:<sup id="cite_ref-fitch_23-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-fitch-23">[21]</a></sup></li></ul><div class="hlist hlist-separated"><ul><li>AAA</li><li>Outlook: Stable</li></ul></div>
</div></td></tr><tr><th scope="row"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Foreign reserves</div></th><td>$86.3 billion (June 2019)<sup id="cite_ref-24" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-24">[22]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-25" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-25">[23]</a></sup></td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" style="text-align:center;background:lightblue;"><div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;line-height:1.25em;padding:0.2em;">   <span class="nowrap">Main data source:</span> <span class="nowrap"><b><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/ca.html">CIA World Fact Book</a></b></span> <br><i>All values, unless otherwise stated, are in <a href="/wiki/United_States_dollar" title="United States dollar">US dollars</a>.</i> </div></td></tr></tbody></table><p>According to the <a href="/wiki/Corruption_Perceptions_Index" title="Corruption Perceptions Index">Corruption Perceptions Index</a>, Canada is one of the least corrupt countries in the world,<sup id="cite_ref-RotbergCarment2018_32-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-RotbergCarment2018-32">[30]</a></sup> and is one of the world's top ten <a href="/wiki/Trading_nation" title="Trading nation">trading nations</a>, with a highly <a href="/wiki/Globalized" class="mw-redirect" title="Globalized">globalized</a> economy.<sup id="cite_ref-33" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-33">[31]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-34" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-34">[32]</a></sup> Canada historically ranks above the U.S. and most western European nations on <a href="/wiki/The_Heritage_Foundation" title="The Heritage Foundation">The Heritage Foundation</a>'s index of economic freedom,<sup id="cite_ref-35" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-35">[33]</a></sup> and experiencing a relatively low level of <a href="/wiki/Economic_inequality" title="Economic inequality">income disparity</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-36" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-36">[34]</a></sup> The country's average household <a href="/wiki/Disposable_income" class="mw-redirect" title="Disposable income">disposable income</a> per capita is "well above" the OECD average.<sup id="cite_ref-OECDBLI_37-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-OECDBLI-37">[35]</a></sup> The <a href="/wiki/Toronto_Stock_Exchange" title="Toronto Stock Exchange">Toronto Stock Exchange</a> is the ninth-largest <a href="/wiki/Stock_exchange" title="Stock exchange">stock exchange</a> in the world by <a href="/wiki/Market_capitalization" title="Market capitalization">market capitalization</a>, listing over 1,500 companies with a combined market capitalization of over US$2 trillion.<sup id="cite_ref-38" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-38">[36]</a></sup></p><p>In 2018, Canadian trade in goods and services reached <span style="white-space: nowrap">CA$1.5</span> trillion.<sup id="cite_ref-econ_14-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-econ-14">[13]</a></sup> Canada's exports totalled over <span style="white-space: nowrap">CA$585</span> billion, while its imported goods were worth over <span style="white-space: nowrap">CA$607</span> billion, of which approximately <span style="white-space: nowrap">CA$391</span> billion originated from the United States, <span style="white-space: nowrap">CA$216</span> billion from non-U.S. sources.<sup id="cite_ref-econ_14-3" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-econ-14">[13]</a></sup> In 2018, Canada had a <a href="/wiki/Trade_deficit" class="mw-redirect" title="Trade deficit">trade deficit</a> in goods of <span style="white-space: nowrap">CA$22</span> billion and a trade deficit in services of <span style="white-space: nowrap">CA$25</span> billion.<sup id="cite_ref-econ_14-4" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-econ-14">[13]</a></sup></p><p>Canada is unusual among developed countries in the importance of the <a href="/wiki/Primary_sector_of_industry" class="mw-redirect" title="Primary sector of industry">primary sector</a>, with the <a href="/wiki/Logging" title="Logging">logging</a> and <a href="/wiki/Petroleum" title="Petroleum">oil</a> industries being two of Canada's most important. Canada also has a sizable manufacturing sector, based in <a href="/wiki/Central_Canada" title="Central Canada">Central Canada</a>, with the <a href="/wiki/Automaker" class="mw-redirect" title="Automaker">automobile industry</a> and <a href="/wiki/Aircraft_industry" class="mw-redirect" title="Aircraft industry">aircraft industry</a> being especially important. With the world's <a href="/wiki/List_of_countries_by_length_of_coastline" title="List of countries by length of coastline">longest coastline</a>, Canada has the 8th largest commercial fishing and seafood industry in the world.<sup id="cite_ref-39" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-39">[37]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-40" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-40">[38]</a></sup> Canada is one of the global leaders of the entertainment <a href="/wiki/Software_industry" title="Software industry">software industry</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-41" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-41">[39]</a></sup> It is a member of the <a href="/wiki/APEC" class="mw-redirect" title="APEC">APEC</a>, <a href="/wiki/NAFTA" class="mw-redirect" title="NAFTA">NAFTA</a>, <a href="/wiki/G7" class="mw-redirect" title="G7">G7</a>, <a href="/wiki/G20" title="G20">G20</a>, <a href="/wiki/OECD" title="OECD">OECD</a> and <a href="/wiki/WTO" class="mw-redirect" title="WTO">WTO</a>.
</p>
<div id="toc" class="toc" role="navigation" aria-labelledby="mw-toc-heading"><input type="checkbox" role="button" id="toctogglecheckbox" class="toctogglecheckbox" style="display:none"><div class="toctitle" lang="en" dir="ltr"><h2 id="mw-toc-heading">Contents</h2><span class="toctogglespan"><label class="toctogglelabel" for="toctogglecheckbox"></label></span></div>
<ul><li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-1"><a href="#Overview"><span class="tocnumber">1</span> <span class="toctext">Overview</span></a>
<ul><li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-2"><a href="#Data"><span class="tocnumber">1.1</span> <span class="toctext">Data</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-3"><a href="#Unemployment_rate"><span class="tocnumber">1.2</span> <span class="toctext">Unemployment rate</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-4"><a href="#Export_trade"><span class="tocnumber">1.3</span> <span class="toctext">Export trade</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-5"><a href="#Import_trade"><span class="tocnumber">1.4</span> <span class="toctext">Import trade</span></a></li>
</ul></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-6"><a href="#Measuring_productivity"><span class="tocnumber">2</span> <span class="toctext">Measuring productivity</span></a>
<ul><li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-7"><a href="#Multifactor_productivity"><span class="tocnumber">2.1</span> <span class="toctext">Multifactor productivity</span></a></li>
</ul></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-8"><a href="#Bank_of_Canada"><span class="tocnumber">3</span> <span class="toctext">Bank of Canada</span></a>
<ul><li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-9"><a href="#Monetary_Policy_Report"><span class="tocnumber">3.1</span> <span class="toctext">Monetary Policy Report</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-10"><a href="#Inflation_targeting"><span class="tocnumber">3.2</span> <span class="toctext">Inflation targeting</span></a></li>
</ul></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-11"><a href="#Key_industries"><span class="tocnumber">4</span> <span class="toctext">Key industries</span></a>
<ul><li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-12"><a href="#Service_sector"><span class="tocnumber">4.1</span> <span class="toctext">Service sector</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-13"><a href="#Manufacturing"><span class="tocnumber">4.2</span> <span class="toctext">Manufacturing</span></a>
<ul><li class="toclevel-3 tocsection-14"><a href="#Steel"><span class="tocnumber">4.2.1</span> <span class="toctext">Steel</span></a></li>
</ul></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-15"><a href="#Energy"><span class="tocnumber">4.3</span> <span class="toctext">Energy</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-16"><a href="#Agriculture"><span class="tocnumber">4.4</span> <span class="toctext">Agriculture</span></a></li>
</ul></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-17"><a href="#Free-trade_agreements"><span class="tocnumber">5</span> <span class="toctext">Free-trade agreements</span></a>
<ul><li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-18"><a href="#Free-trade_agreements_in_force"><span class="tocnumber">5.1</span> <span class="toctext">Free-trade agreements in force</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-19"><a href="#Free-trade_agreements_concluded"><span class="tocnumber">5.2</span> <span class="toctext">Free-trade agreements concluded</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-20"><a href="#Ongoing_free-trade_agreements_negotiations"><span class="tocnumber">5.3</span> <span class="toctext">Ongoing free-trade agreements negotiations</span></a></li>
</ul></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-21"><a href="#Political_issues"><span class="tocnumber">6</span> <span class="toctext">Political issues</span></a>
<ul><li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-22"><a href="#Relations_with_the_U.S."><span class="tocnumber">6.1</span> <span class="toctext">Relations with the U.S.</span></a></li>
</ul></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-23"><a href="#Debt_issue"><span class="tocnumber">7</span> <span class="toctext">Debt issue</span></a>
<ul><li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-24"><a href="#Central_Government_Debt"><span class="tocnumber">7.1</span> <span class="toctext">Central Government Debt</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-25"><a href="#Household_Debt"><span class="tocnumber">7.2</span> <span class="toctext">Household Debt</span></a></li>
</ul></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-26"><a href="#Mergers_and_Acquisition"><span class="tocnumber">8</span> <span class="toctext">Mergers and Acquisition</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-27"><a href="#See_also"><span class="tocnumber">9</span> <span class="toctext">See also</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-28"><a href="#Notes"><span class="tocnumber">10</span> <span class="toctext">Notes</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-29"><a href="#References"><span class="tocnumber">11</span> <span class="toctext">References</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-30"><a href="#Further_reading"><span class="tocnumber">12</span> <span class="toctext">Further reading</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-31"><a href="#External_links"><span class="tocnumber">13</span> <span class="toctext">External links</span></a></li>
</ul></div>

</section><h2 class="section-heading" onclick="javascript:mfTempOpenSection(1)"><div class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element indicator mw-ui-icon-small mw-ui-icon-flush-left"></div><span class="mw-headline" id="Overview">Overview</span><span class="mw-editsection"><a href="/w/index.php?title=Economy_of_Canada&action=edit&section=1" title="Edit section: Overview" data-section="1" class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element mw-ui-icon-minerva-edit-enabled edit-page mw-ui-icon-flush-right">Edit</a></span></h2><section class="mf-section-1 collapsible-block" id="mf-section-1">
<p>With the exception of a few island nations in the <a href="/wiki/Caribbean" title="Caribbean">Caribbean</a>, Canada is the only major <a href="/wiki/Parliamentary_system" title="Parliamentary system">Parliamentary system</a> in the <a href="/wiki/Western_Hemisphere" title="Western Hemisphere">Western Hemisphere</a>. As a result, Canada has developed its own social and political institutions, distinct from most other countries in the world.<sup id="cite_ref-autogenerated1_42-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-autogenerated1-42">[40]</a></sup> Though the Canadian economy is closely integrated with the <a href="/wiki/Economy_of_the_United_States" title="Economy of the United States">American economy</a>, it has developed unique economic institutions.
</p><p>The Canadian economic system generally combines elements of <a href="/wiki/Private_enterprise" class="mw-redirect" title="Private enterprise">private enterprise</a> and <a href="/wiki/Public_enterprise" class="mw-redirect" title="Public enterprise">public enterprise</a>. Many aspects of public enterprise, most notably the development of an extensive <a href="/wiki/Social_welfare" class="mw-redirect" title="Social welfare">social welfare</a> system to redress social and economic inequities, were adopted after the end of <a href="/wiki/World_War_II" title="World War II">World War II</a> in 1945.<sup id="cite_ref-autogenerated1_42-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-autogenerated1-42">[40]</a></sup></p><p>Canada has a private to public (Crown) property ratio of 60:40 and one of the highest levels of <a href="/wiki/List_of_countries_by_economic_freedom" title="List of countries by economic freedom">economic freedom</a> in the world. Today Canada closely resembles the U.S. in its market-oriented economic system and pattern of production.<sup id="cite_ref-cia_factbook_43-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-cia_factbook-43">[41]</a></sup> As of 2019, Canada has 56 companies in the <a href="/wiki/Forbes_Global_2000" title="Forbes Global 2000">Forbes Global 2000</a> list, ranking ninth behind South Korea and ahead of Saudi Arabia.<sup id="cite_ref-44" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-44">[42]</a></sup></p>
<div class="thumb tright"><div class="thumbinner" style="width:312px;"><a href="/wiki/File:Canada_Exports_Treemap_2017.svg" class="image"><noscript><img alt="Chart of exports of Canada by value with percentages" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d8/Canada_Exports_Treemap_2017.svg/310px-Canada_Exports_Treemap_2017.svg.png" decoding="async" width="310" height="310" class="thumbimage" data-file-width="900" data-file-height="900"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 310px;height: 310px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d8/Canada_Exports_Treemap_2017.svg/310px-Canada_Exports_Treemap_2017.svg.png" data-alt="Chart of exports of Canada by value with percentages" data-width="310" data-height="310" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d8/Canada_Exports_Treemap_2017.svg/465px-Canada_Exports_Treemap_2017.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d8/Canada_Exports_Treemap_2017.svg/620px-Canada_Exports_Treemap_2017.svg.png 2x" data-class="thumbimage"> </span></a>  <div class="thumbcaption"><div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:Canada_Exports_Treemap_2017.svg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div>Tree-map of Canada's goods exports in 2017</div></div></div>
<p><a href="/wiki/International_trade" title="International trade">International trade</a> makes up a large part of the Canadian economy, particularly of its natural resources. In 2009, agriculture, energy, forestry and mining exports accounted for about 58% of Canada's total exports.<sup id="cite_ref-www40.statcan.gc.ca_45-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-www40.statcan.gc.ca-45">[43]</a></sup> Machinery, equipment, automotive products and other manufactures accounted for a further 38% of exports in 2009.<sup id="cite_ref-www40.statcan.gc.ca_45-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-www40.statcan.gc.ca-45">[43]</a></sup> In 2009, exports accounted for about 30% of Canada's GDP. The United States is by far its largest trading partner, accounting for about 73% of exports and 63% of imports as of 2009.<sup id="cite_ref-46" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-46">[44]</a></sup> Canada's combined exports and imports ranked 8th among all nations in 2006.<sup id="cite_ref-47" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-47">[45]</a></sup></p><p>About 4% of Canadians are directly employed in primary resource fields, and they account for 6.2% of GDP.<sup id="cite_ref-gdpstats_48-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-gdpstats-48">[46]</a></sup> They are still paramount in many parts of the country. Many, if not most, towns in northern Canada, where agriculture is difficult, exist because of a nearby mine or source of timber. Canada is a world leader in the production of many natural resources such as <a href="/wiki/Gold" title="Gold">gold</a>, <a href="/wiki/Nickel" title="Nickel">nickel</a>, <a href="/wiki/Uranium_mining_in_Canada" title="Uranium mining in Canada">uranium</a>, <a href="/wiki/Canadian_diamonds" title="Canadian diamonds">diamonds</a>, <a href="/wiki/Lead" title="Lead">lead</a>, and in recent years, <a href="/wiki/Petroleum_industry_in_Canada" title="Petroleum industry in Canada">crude petroleum</a>, which, with the world's second-largest oil reserves, is taking an increasingly prominent position in natural resources extraction. Several of Canada's largest companies are based in natural resource industries, such as <a href="/wiki/Encana" class="mw-redirect" title="Encana">Encana</a>, <a href="/wiki/Cameco" title="Cameco">Cameco</a>, <a href="/wiki/Goldcorp" title="Goldcorp">Goldcorp</a>, and <a href="/wiki/Barrick_Gold" title="Barrick Gold">Barrick Gold</a>. The vast majority of these products are exported, mainly to the United States. There are also many secondary and service industries that are directly linked to primary ones. For instance one of Canada's largest manufacturing industries is the <a href="/wiki/Pulp_and_paper" class="mw-redirect" title="Pulp and paper">pulp and paper</a> sector, which is directly linked to the <a href="/wiki/Forestry_in_Canada" title="Forestry in Canada">logging</a> business.
</p><p>The reliance on natural resources has several effects on the Canadian economy and Canadian society. While manufacturing and service industries are easy to standardize, natural resources vary greatly by region. This ensures that differing economic structures developed in each region of Canada, contributing to Canada's strong regionalism. At the same time the vast majority of these resources are exported, integrating Canada closely into the international economy. Howlett and Ramesh argue that the inherent instability of such industries also contributes to greater government intervention in the economy, to reduce the social impact of market changes.<sup id="cite_ref-49" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-49">[47]</a></sup></p><p>Natural resource industries also raise important questions of sustainability. Despite many decades as a leading producer, there is little risk of depletion. Large discoveries continue to be made, such as the massive nickel find at <a href="/wiki/Voisey%27s_Bay" title="Voisey's Bay">Voisey's Bay</a>. Moreover, the far north remains largely undeveloped as producers await higher prices or new technologies as many operations in this region are not yet cost effective. In recent decades Canadians have become less willing to accept the environmental destruction associated with exploiting natural resources. High wages and Aboriginal land claims have also curbed expansion. Instead many Canadian companies have focused their exploration, exploitation and expansion activities overseas where prices are lower and governments more amenable. Canadian companies are increasingly playing important roles in Latin America, Southeast Asia, and Africa.
</p><p>The depletion of renewable resources has raised concerns in recent years. After decades of escalating overutilization the <a href="/wiki/Cod_fisheries" title="Cod fisheries">cod fishery</a> all but collapsed in the 1990s, and the Pacific salmon industry also suffered greatly. The <a href="/wiki/Forestry_in_Canada" title="Forestry in Canada">logging</a> industry, after many years of activism, has in recent years moved to a more sustainable model, or to other countries.
</p>
<h3 class="in-block"><span class="mw-headline" id="Data">Data</span><span class="mw-editsection"><a href="/w/index.php?title=Economy_of_Canada&action=edit&section=2" title="Edit section: Data" data-section="2" class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element mw-ui-icon-minerva-edit-enabled edit-page mw-ui-icon-flush-right">Edit</a></span></h3>
<p>The following table shows the main economic indicators in 1980–2018. Inflation under 2 % is in green.<sup id="cite_ref-50" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-50">[48]</a></sup></p>
<table class="wikitable" style="text-align:center;"><tbody><tr><th>Year
</th>
<th>GDP<br><small>(in bn. US$ PPP)</small>
</th>
<th>GDP per capita<br><small>(in US$ PPP)</small>
</th>
<th>GDP growth<br><small>(real)</small>
</th>
<th>Inflation rate<br><small>(in Percent)</small>
</th>
<th>Unemployment <br><small>(in Percent)</small>
</th>
<th>Government debt<br><small>(in % of GDP)</small>
</th></tr><tr><td>1980
</td>
<td>287.3
</td>
<td>11,739
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>2.1 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>10.2 %
</td>
<td>7.5 %
</td>
<td>45.1 %
</td></tr><tr><td>1981
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>325.1
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>13,116
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>3.5 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>12.5 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>7.6 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>46.6 %
</td></tr><tr><td>1982
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>334.2
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>13,323
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/11px-Decrease2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/11px-Decrease2.svg.png" data-alt="Decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/17px-Decrease2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/22px-Decrease2.svg.png 2x"> </span>−3.2 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>10.8 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>11.1 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>52.3 %
</td></tr><tr><td>1983
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>356.4
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>14,067
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>2.6 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>5.8 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>12.0 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>57.8 %
</td></tr><tr><td>1984
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>390.9
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>15,284
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>5.9 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>4.3 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>11.4 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>60.9 %
</td></tr><tr><td>1985
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>422.5
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>16,369
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>4.7 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>4.0 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>10.5 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>65.9 %
</td></tr><tr><td>1986
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>440.4
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>16,894
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>2.2 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>4.2 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>9.6 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>70.1 %
</td></tr><tr><td>1987
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>470.1
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>17,809
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>4.1 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>4.4 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>8.8 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>70.5 %
</td></tr><tr><td>1988
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>508.1
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>18,994
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>4.4 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>4.0 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>7.8 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Steady" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/96/Steady2.svg/11px-Steady2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Steady" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/96/Steady2.svg/11px-Steady2.svg.png" data-alt="Steady" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/96/Steady2.svg/17px-Steady2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/96/Steady2.svg/22px-Steady2.svg.png 2x"> </span>70.5 %
</td></tr><tr><td>1989
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>540.2
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>19,848
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>2.3 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>7.5 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>5.3 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>71.8 %
</td></tr><tr><td>1990
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>561.0
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>20,302
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>0.2 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>4.8 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>8.2 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>74.5 %
</td></tr><tr><td>1991
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>567.3
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/11px-Decrease2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/11px-Decrease2.svg.png" data-alt="Decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/17px-Decrease2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/22px-Decrease2.svg.png 2x"> </span>20,271
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/11px-Decrease2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/11px-Decrease2.svg.png" data-alt="Decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/17px-Decrease2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/22px-Decrease2.svg.png 2x"> </span>−2.1 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>5.6 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>10.3 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>81.5 %
</td></tr><tr><td>1992
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>585.4
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>20,668
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>0.9 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>1.5 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>11.2 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>89.2 %
</td></tr><tr><td>1993
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>615.2
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>21,473
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>2.7 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>1.9 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>11.4 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>95.0 %
</td></tr><tr><td>1994
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>656.6
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>22,672
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>4.5 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>0.1 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>10.4 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>97.8 %
</td></tr><tr><td>1995
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>688.2
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>23,518
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>2.7 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>2.2 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>9.5 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>100.4 %
</td></tr><tr><td>1996
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>712.1
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>24,081
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>1.6 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>1.6 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>9.6 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>100.6 %
</td></tr><tr><td>1997
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>755.3
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>25,287
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>4.3 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>1.6 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>9.1 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>95.6 %
</td></tr><tr><td>1998
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>793.1
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>26,328
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>3.9 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>1.0 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>8.3 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>93.6 %
</td></tr><tr><td>1999
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>846.8
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>27,885
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>5.2 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>1.7 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>7.6 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>89.3 %
</td></tr><tr><td>2000
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>910.9
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>29,723
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>5.2 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>2.7 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>6.8 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>80.7 %
</td></tr><tr><td>2001
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>948.2
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>30,615
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>1.8 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>2.5 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>7.2 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>81.8 %
</td></tr><tr><td>2002
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>991.7
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>31,676
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>3.0 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>2.3 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>7.7 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>79.9 %
</td></tr><tr><td>2003
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>1,029.7
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>32,585
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>1.8 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>2.7 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>7.6 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>76.2 %
</td></tr><tr><td>2004
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>1,090.7
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>34,193
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>3.1 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>1.8 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>7.2 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>72.1 %
</td></tr><tr><td>2005
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>1,161.8
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>36,080
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>3.2 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>2.2 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>6.8 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>70.9 %
</td></tr><tr><td>2006
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>1,229.0
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>37,781
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>2.6 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>2.0 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>6.3 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>70.1 %
</td></tr><tr><td>2007
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>1,287.7
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>39,201
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>2.1 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>2.1 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>6.0 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>66.8 %
</td></tr><tr><td>2008
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>1,326.1
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>39,944
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>1.0 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>2.4 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>6.2 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>67.8 %
</td></tr><tr><td>2009
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/11px-Decrease2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/11px-Decrease2.svg.png" data-alt="Decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/17px-Decrease2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/22px-Decrease2.svg.png 2x"> </span>1,296.7
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/11px-Decrease2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/11px-Decrease2.svg.png" data-alt="Decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/17px-Decrease2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/22px-Decrease2.svg.png 2x"> </span>38,615
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/11px-Decrease2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/11px-Decrease2.svg.png" data-alt="Decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/17px-Decrease2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/22px-Decrease2.svg.png 2x"> </span>−3.0 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>0.1 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>8.4 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>79.3 %
</td></tr><tr><td>2010
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>1,353.1
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>39,844
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>3.1 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>1.8 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>8.0 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>81.1 %
</td></tr><tr><td>2011
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>1,424.3
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>41,524
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>3.1 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>3.1 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>7.5 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>81.9 %
</td></tr><tr><td>2012
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>1,475.9
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>42,537
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>1.7 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>1.5 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>8.1 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>85.5 %
</td></tr><tr><td>2013
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>1,536.8
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>43,787
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>2.3 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>0.9 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>7.1 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>86.2 %
</td></tr><tr><td>2014
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>1,609.1
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>45,345
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>2.9 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>1.9 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>6.9 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>85.7 %
</td></tr><tr><td>2015
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>1,642.8
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>45,884
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>0.7 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>1.1 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Steady" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/96/Steady2.svg/11px-Steady2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Steady" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/96/Steady2.svg/11px-Steady2.svg.png" data-alt="Steady" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/96/Steady2.svg/17px-Steady2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/96/Steady2.svg/22px-Steady2.svg.png 2x"> </span>6.9 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>91.3 %
</td></tr><tr><td>2016
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>1,678.9
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>46,569
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>1.1 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>1.4 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>7.0 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>91.8 %
</td></tr><tr><td>2017
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>1,761.4
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>48,273
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>3.0 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>2.1 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>6.3 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>90.1 %
</td></tr><tr><td>2018<sup id="cite_ref-51" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-51">[49]</a></sup></td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>1,838.3
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>49,690
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" data-alt="Increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x"> </span>1.9 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Negative increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Negative increase" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/11px-Increase_Negative.svg.png" data-alt="Negative increase" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/17px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Increase_Negative.svg/22px-Increase_Negative.svg.png 2x"> </span>2.2 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>5.8 %
</td>
<td><noscript><img alt="Positive decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" decoding="async" title="Positive decrease" width="11" height="11" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 11px;height: 11px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/11px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png" data-alt="Positive decrease" data-width="11" data-height="11" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/17px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Decrease_Positive.svg/22px-Decrease_Positive.svg.png 2x"> </span>89.9 %
</td></tr></tbody></table><h3 class="in-block"><span class="mw-headline" id="Unemployment_rate">Unemployment rate</span><span class="mw-editsection"><a href="/w/index.php?title=Economy_of_Canada&action=edit&section=3" title="Edit section: Unemployment rate" data-section="3" class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element mw-ui-icon-minerva-edit-enabled edit-page mw-ui-icon-flush-right">Edit</a></span></h3>
<table class="sortable wikitable" style="text-align: right"><tbody><tr><th>Province
</th>
<th>Unemployment rate<br>percentage of labour force<br>as of November 2018<sup id="cite_ref-52" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-52">[50]</a></sup></th></tr><tr><td style="text-align: left"><span class="flagicon"><a href="/wiki/Newfoundland_and_Labrador" title="Newfoundland and Labrador"><noscript><img alt="Newfoundland and Labrador" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/dd/Flag_of_Newfoundland_and_Labrador.svg/23px-Flag_of_Newfoundland_and_Labrador.svg.png" decoding="async" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="600"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 23px;height: 12px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/dd/Flag_of_Newfoundland_and_Labrador.svg/23px-Flag_of_Newfoundland_and_Labrador.svg.png" data-alt="Newfoundland and Labrador" data-width="23" data-height="12" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/dd/Flag_of_Newfoundland_and_Labrador.svg/35px-Flag_of_Newfoundland_and_Labrador.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/dd/Flag_of_Newfoundland_and_Labrador.svg/46px-Flag_of_Newfoundland_and_Labrador.svg.png 2x" data-class="thumbborder"> </span></a></span> <a href="/wiki/Newfoundland_and_Labrador" title="Newfoundland and Labrador">Newfoundland and Labrador</a>
</td>
<td>12.2
</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align: left"><span class="flagicon"><a href="/wiki/Prince_Edward_Island" title="Prince Edward Island"><noscript><img alt="Prince Edward Island" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d7/Flag_of_Prince_Edward_Island.svg/23px-Flag_of_Prince_Edward_Island.svg.png" decoding="async" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" data-file-width="1800" data-file-height="1200"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 23px;height: 15px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d7/Flag_of_Prince_Edward_Island.svg/23px-Flag_of_Prince_Edward_Island.svg.png" data-alt="Prince Edward Island" data-width="23" data-height="15" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d7/Flag_of_Prince_Edward_Island.svg/35px-Flag_of_Prince_Edward_Island.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d7/Flag_of_Prince_Edward_Island.svg/45px-Flag_of_Prince_Edward_Island.svg.png 2x" data-class="thumbborder"> </span></a></span> <a href="/wiki/Prince_Edward_Island" title="Prince Edward Island">Prince Edward Island</a>
</td>
<td>8.5
</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align: left"><span class="flagicon"><a href="/wiki/New_Brunswick" title="New Brunswick"><noscript><img alt="New Brunswick" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fb/Flag_of_New_Brunswick.svg/23px-Flag_of_New_Brunswick.svg.png" decoding="async" width="23" height="14" class="thumbborder" data-file-width="1920" data-file-height="1200"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 23px;height: 14px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fb/Flag_of_New_Brunswick.svg/23px-Flag_of_New_Brunswick.svg.png" data-alt="New Brunswick" data-width="23" data-height="14" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fb/Flag_of_New_Brunswick.svg/35px-Flag_of_New_Brunswick.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fb/Flag_of_New_Brunswick.svg/46px-Flag_of_New_Brunswick.svg.png 2x" data-class="thumbborder"> </span></a></span> <a href="/wiki/New_Brunswick" title="New Brunswick">New Brunswick</a>
</td>
<td>7.9
</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:left"><span class="flagicon"><a href="/wiki/Nova_Scotia" title="Nova Scotia"><noscript><img alt="Nova Scotia" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c0/Flag_of_Nova_Scotia.svg/23px-Flag_of_Nova_Scotia.svg.png" decoding="async" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="600"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 23px;height: 12px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c0/Flag_of_Nova_Scotia.svg/23px-Flag_of_Nova_Scotia.svg.png" data-alt="Nova Scotia" data-width="23" data-height="12" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c0/Flag_of_Nova_Scotia.svg/35px-Flag_of_Nova_Scotia.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c0/Flag_of_Nova_Scotia.svg/46px-Flag_of_Nova_Scotia.svg.png 2x" data-class="thumbborder"> </span></a></span> <a href="/wiki/Nova_Scotia" title="Nova Scotia">Nova Scotia</a>
</td>
<td>7.0
</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align: left"><span class="flagicon"><a href="/wiki/Alberta" title="Alberta"><noscript><img alt="Alberta" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f5/Flag_of_Alberta.svg/23px-Flag_of_Alberta.svg.png" decoding="async" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" data-file-width="1000" data-file-height="500"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 23px;height: 12px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f5/Flag_of_Alberta.svg/23px-Flag_of_Alberta.svg.png" data-alt="Alberta" data-width="23" data-height="12" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f5/Flag_of_Alberta.svg/35px-Flag_of_Alberta.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f5/Flag_of_Alberta.svg/46px-Flag_of_Alberta.svg.png 2x" data-class="thumbborder"> </span></a></span> <a href="/wiki/Alberta" title="Alberta">Alberta</a>
</td>
<td>6.3
</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align: left"><span class="flagicon"><a href="/wiki/Manitoba" title="Manitoba"><noscript><img alt="Manitoba" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c4/Flag_of_Manitoba.svg/23px-Flag_of_Manitoba.svg.png" decoding="async" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" data-file-width="1000" data-file-height="500"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 23px;height: 12px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c4/Flag_of_Manitoba.svg/23px-Flag_of_Manitoba.svg.png" data-alt="Manitoba" data-width="23" data-height="12" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c4/Flag_of_Manitoba.svg/35px-Flag_of_Manitoba.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c4/Flag_of_Manitoba.svg/46px-Flag_of_Manitoba.svg.png 2x" data-class="thumbborder"> </span></a></span> <a href="/wiki/Manitoba" title="Manitoba">Manitoba</a>
</td>
<td>5.7
</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align: left"><span class="flagicon"><a href="/wiki/Saskatchewan" title="Saskatchewan"><noscript><img alt="Saskatchewan" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bb/Flag_of_Saskatchewan.svg/23px-Flag_of_Saskatchewan.svg.png" decoding="async" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" data-file-width="992" data-file-height="496"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 23px;height: 12px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bb/Flag_of_Saskatchewan.svg/23px-Flag_of_Saskatchewan.svg.png" data-alt="Saskatchewan" data-width="23" data-height="12" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bb/Flag_of_Saskatchewan.svg/35px-Flag_of_Saskatchewan.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bb/Flag_of_Saskatchewan.svg/46px-Flag_of_Saskatchewan.svg.png 2x" data-class="thumbborder"> </span></a></span> <a href="/wiki/Saskatchewan" title="Saskatchewan">Saskatchewan</a>
</td>
<td>5.5
</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align: left"><span class="flagicon"><a href="/wiki/Quebec" title="Quebec"><noscript><img alt="Quebec" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5f/Flag_of_Quebec.svg/23px-Flag_of_Quebec.svg.png" decoding="async" width="23" height="15" class="thumbborder" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="800"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 23px;height: 15px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5f/Flag_of_Quebec.svg/23px-Flag_of_Quebec.svg.png" data-alt="Quebec" data-width="23" data-height="15" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5f/Flag_of_Quebec.svg/35px-Flag_of_Quebec.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5f/Flag_of_Quebec.svg/45px-Flag_of_Quebec.svg.png 2x" data-class="thumbborder"> </span></a></span> <a href="/wiki/Quebec" title="Quebec">Quebec</a>
</td>
<td>5.4
</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align: left"><span class="flagicon"><a href="/wiki/Ontario" title="Ontario"><noscript><img alt="Ontario" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/88/Flag_of_Ontario.svg/23px-Flag_of_Ontario.svg.png" decoding="async" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" data-file-width="2400" data-file-height="1200"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 23px;height: 12px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/88/Flag_of_Ontario.svg/23px-Flag_of_Ontario.svg.png" data-alt="Ontario" data-width="23" data-height="12" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/88/Flag_of_Ontario.svg/35px-Flag_of_Ontario.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/88/Flag_of_Ontario.svg/46px-Flag_of_Ontario.svg.png 2x" data-class="thumbborder"> </span></a></span> <a href="/wiki/Ontario" title="Ontario">Ontario</a>
</td>
<td>5.6
</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align: left"><span class="flagicon"><a href="/wiki/British_Columbia" title="British Columbia"><noscript><img alt="British Columbia" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b8/Flag_of_British_Columbia.svg/23px-Flag_of_British_Columbia.svg.png" decoding="async" width="23" height="14" class="thumbborder" data-file-width="1000" data-file-height="600"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 23px;height: 14px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b8/Flag_of_British_Columbia.svg/23px-Flag_of_British_Columbia.svg.png" data-alt="British Columbia" data-width="23" data-height="14" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b8/Flag_of_British_Columbia.svg/35px-Flag_of_British_Columbia.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b8/Flag_of_British_Columbia.svg/46px-Flag_of_British_Columbia.svg.png 2x" data-class="thumbborder"> </span></a></span> <a href="/wiki/British_Columbia" title="British Columbia">British Columbia</a>
</td>
<td>4.4
</td></tr><tr style="background:#ffc;"><td style="text-align: left" data-sort-value="ZZZZZZ"><span class="flagicon"><a href="/wiki/Canada" title="Canada"><noscript><img alt="Canada" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d9/Flag_of_Canada_%28Pantone%29.svg/23px-Flag_of_Canada_%28Pantone%29.svg.png" decoding="async" width="23" height="12" class="thumbborder" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="600"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 23px;height: 12px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d9/Flag_of_Canada_%28Pantone%29.svg/23px-Flag_of_Canada_%28Pantone%29.svg.png" data-alt="Canada" data-width="23" data-height="12" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d9/Flag_of_Canada_%28Pantone%29.svg/35px-Flag_of_Canada_%28Pantone%29.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d9/Flag_of_Canada_%28Pantone%29.svg/46px-Flag_of_Canada_%28Pantone%29.svg.png 2x" data-class="thumbborder"> </span></a></span> <b>Canada (national)</b>
</td>
<td>5.6
</td></tr></tbody></table><h3 class="in-block"><span class="mw-headline" id="Export_trade">Export trade</span><span class="mw-editsection"><a href="/w/index.php?title=Economy_of_Canada&action=edit&section=4" title="Edit section: Export trade" data-section="4" class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element mw-ui-icon-minerva-edit-enabled edit-page mw-ui-icon-flush-right">Edit</a></span></h3>
<div role="note" class="hatnote navigation-not-searchable">See also: <a href="/wiki/List_of_the_largest_trading_partners_of_Canada" title="List of the largest trading partners of Canada">List of the largest trading partners of Canada</a></div>
<p>Export trade from Canada measured in US dollars. In 2018, Canada exported over US$450 billion.<sup id="cite_ref-scw_53-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-scw-53">[51]</a></sup></p>
<table class="sortable wikitable" style="text-align: right"><tbody><tr><th>Partner
</th>
<th>Value
</th>
<th>Fraction
</th></tr><tr><td><a href="/wiki/United_States" title="United States">United States</a>
</td>
<td>$338.2 billion
</td>
<td>75.0%
</td></tr><tr><td><a href="/wiki/China" title="China">China</a>
</td>
<td>$21.3 billion
</td>
<td>4.7%
</td></tr><tr><td><a href="/wiki/United_Kingdom" title="United Kingdom">United Kingdom</a>
</td>
<td>$12.6 billion
</td>
<td>2.8%
</td></tr><tr><td><a href="/wiki/Japan" title="Japan">Japan</a>
</td>
<td>$10.0 billion
</td>
<td>2.2%
</td></tr><tr><td><a href="/wiki/Mexico" title="Mexico">Mexico</a>
</td>
<td>$6.3 billion
</td>
<td>1.4%
</td></tr><tr><td><a href="/wiki/South_Korea" title="South Korea">South Korea</a>
</td>
<td>$4.5 billion
</td>
<td>1.0%
</td></tr><tr><td><a href="/wiki/Germany" title="Germany">Germany</a>
</td>
<td>$3.7 billion
</td>
<td>0.8%
</td></tr><tr><td><a href="/wiki/Netherlands" title="Netherlands">Netherlands</a>
</td>
<td>$3.7 billion
</td>
<td>0.8%
</td></tr><tr><td><a href="/wiki/India" title="India">India</a>
</td>
<td>$3.3 billion
</td>
<td>0.7%
</td></tr><tr><td><a href="/wiki/Hong_Kong" title="Hong Kong">Hong Kong</a>
</td>
<td>$3.0 billion
</td>
<td>0.7%
</td></tr><tr><td><a href="/wiki/Belgium" title="Belgium">Belgium</a>
</td>
<td>$2.9 billion
</td>
<td>0.6%
</td></tr><tr><td><a href="/wiki/France" title="France">France</a>
</td>
<td>$2.7 billion
</td>
<td>0.6%
</td></tr><tr><td><a href="/wiki/Italy" title="Italy">Italy</a>
</td>
<td>$2.3 billion
</td>
<td>0.5%
</td></tr><tr><td><a href="/wiki/Norway" title="Norway">Norway</a>
</td>
<td>$1.9 billion
</td>
<td>0.4%
</td></tr><tr><td><a href="/wiki/Brazil" title="Brazil">Brazil</a>
</td>
<td>$1.7 billion
</td>
<td>0.4%
</td></tr></tbody></table><h3 class="in-block"><span class="mw-headline" id="Import_trade">Import trade</span><span class="mw-editsection"><a href="/w/index.php?title=Economy_of_Canada&action=edit&section=5" title="Edit section: Import trade" data-section="5" class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element mw-ui-icon-minerva-edit-enabled edit-page mw-ui-icon-flush-right">Edit</a></span></h3>
<p>Import trade in 2017 measured in US dollars.<sup id="cite_ref-msu_54-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-msu-54">[52]</a></sup></p>
<table class="sortable wikitable" style="text-align: right"><tbody><tr><th>Partner
</th>
<th>Value
</th>
<th>Fraction
</th></tr><tr><td><a href="/wiki/United_States" title="United States">United States</a>
</td>
<td>$222.0 billion
</td>
<td>51.3%
</td></tr><tr><td><a href="/wiki/China" title="China">China</a>
</td>
<td>$54.7 billion
</td>
<td>12.7%
</td></tr><tr><td><a href="/wiki/Mexico" title="Mexico">Mexico</a>
</td>
<td>$27.4 billion
</td>
<td>6.3%
</td></tr><tr><td><a href="/wiki/Germany" title="Germany">Germany</a>
</td>
<td>$13.8 billion
</td>
<td>3.2%
</td></tr><tr><td><a href="/wiki/Japan" title="Japan">Japan</a>
</td>
<td>$13.5 billion
</td>
<td>3.1%
</td></tr><tr><td><a href="/wiki/United_Kingdom" title="United Kingdom">United Kingdom</a>
</td>
<td>$6.9 billion
</td>
<td>1.6%
</td></tr><tr><td><a href="/wiki/South_Korea" title="South Korea">South Korea</a>
</td>
<td>$6.7 billion
</td>
<td>1.5%
</td></tr><tr><td><a href="/wiki/Italy" title="Italy">Italy</a>
</td>
<td>$6.3 billion
</td>
<td>1.5%
</td></tr><tr><td><a href="/wiki/France" title="France">France</a>
</td>
<td>$4.8 billion
</td>
<td>1.1%
</td></tr><tr><td><a href="/wiki/Vietnam" title="Vietnam">Vietnam</a>
</td>
<td>$3.9 billion
</td>
<td>0.9%
</td></tr></tbody></table></section><h2 class="section-heading" onclick="javascript:mfTempOpenSection(2)"><div class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element indicator mw-ui-icon-small mw-ui-icon-flush-left"></div><span class="mw-headline" id="Measuring_productivity">Measuring productivity</span><span class="mw-editsection"><a href="/w/index.php?title=Economy_of_Canada&action=edit&section=6" title="Edit section: Measuring productivity" data-section="6" class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element mw-ui-icon-minerva-edit-enabled edit-page mw-ui-icon-flush-right">Edit</a></span></h2><section class="mf-section-2 collapsible-block" id="mf-section-2">
<p>Productivity measures are key indicators of economic performance and a key source of economic growth and competitiveness. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)'s<sup id="cite_ref-55" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-55">[notes 1]</a></sup> <i>Compendium of Productivity Indicators</i>,<sup id="cite_ref-OECDcompend2012_56-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-OECDcompend2012-56">[53]</a></sup> published annually, presents a broad overview of productivity levels and growth in member nations, highlighting key measurement issues. It analyses the role of "productivity as the main driver of economic growth and convergence" and the "contributions of labour, capital and MFP in driving economic growth".<sup id="cite_ref-OECDcompend2012_56-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-OECDcompend2012-56">[53]</a></sup> According to the definition above "MFP is often interpreted as the contribution to economic growth made by factors such as technical and organisational innovation" (OECD 2008,11). Measures of productivity include <a href="/wiki/Gross_Domestic_Product" class="mw-redirect" title="Gross Domestic Product">Gross Domestic Product</a> (GDP)(OECD 2008,11) and <a href="/wiki/Multifactor_productivity" class="mw-redirect" title="Multifactor productivity">multifactor productivity</a>.
</p>
<h3 class="in-block"><span class="mw-headline" id="Multifactor_productivity">Multifactor productivity</span><span class="mw-editsection"><a href="/w/index.php?title=Economy_of_Canada&action=edit&section=7" title="Edit section: Multifactor productivity" data-section="7" class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element mw-ui-icon-minerva-edit-enabled edit-page mw-ui-icon-flush-right">Edit</a></span></h3>
<p>Another productivity measure, used by the OECD, is the long-term trend in multifactor productivity (MFP) also known as <a href="/wiki/Total_factor_productivity" title="Total factor productivity">total factor productivity</a> (TFP). This indicator assesses an economy's "underlying productive capacity ('potential output'), itself an important measure of the growth possibilities of economies and of inflationary pressures". MFP measures the residual growth that cannot be explained by the rate of change in the services of labour, capital and intermediate outputs, and is often interpreted as the contribution to economic growth made by factors such as technical and organisational innovation. (OECD 2008,11)
</p><p>According to the OECD's annual economic survey of Canada in June 2012, Canada has experienced weak growth of multi-factor productivity (MFP) and has been declining further since 2002. One of the ways MFP growth is raised is by boosting innovation and Canada's innovation indicators such as business R&D and patenting rates were poor. Raising MFP growth is "needed to sustain rising living standards, especially as the population ages".<sup id="cite_ref-OECD2012_57-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-OECD2012-57">[54]</a></sup></p>
</section><h2 class="section-heading" onclick="javascript:mfTempOpenSection(3)"><div class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element indicator mw-ui-icon-small mw-ui-icon-flush-left"></div><span class="mw-headline" id="Bank_of_Canada">Bank of Canada</span><span class="mw-editsection"><a href="/w/index.php?title=Economy_of_Canada&action=edit&section=8" title="Edit section: Bank of Canada" data-section="8" class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element mw-ui-icon-minerva-edit-enabled edit-page mw-ui-icon-flush-right">Edit</a></span></h2><section class="mf-section-3 collapsible-block" id="mf-section-3">
<p>The mandate of the central bank—the <a href="/wiki/Bank_of_Canada" title="Bank of Canada">Bank of Canada</a> is to conduct monetary policy that "preserves the value of money by keeping inflation low and stable".<sup id="cite_ref-58" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-58">[55]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-Monetary_Policy_Report_2015_07_59-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Monetary_Policy_Report_2015_07-59">[56]</a></sup></p>
<h3 class="in-block"><span class="mw-headline" id="Monetary_Policy_Report">Monetary Policy Report</span><span class="mw-editsection"><a href="/w/index.php?title=Economy_of_Canada&action=edit&section=9" title="Edit section: Monetary Policy Report" data-section="9" class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element mw-ui-icon-minerva-edit-enabled edit-page mw-ui-icon-flush-right">Edit</a></span></h3>
<p>The Bank of Canada issues its bank rate announcement through its <a href="/w/index.php?title=Monetary_Policy_Report_(Canada)&action=edit&redlink=1" class="new" title="Monetary Policy Report (Canada) (page does not exist)">Monetary Policy Report</a> which is released eight times a year.<sup id="cite_ref-Monetary_Policy_Report_2015_07_59-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Monetary_Policy_Report_2015_07-59">[56]</a></sup> The <a href="/wiki/Bank_of_Canada" title="Bank of Canada">Bank of Canada</a>, a federal crown corporation, has the responsibility of Canada's monetary system.<sup id="cite_ref-Blake_2007_60-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Blake_2007-60">[57]</a></sup> Under the <a href="/wiki/Inflation_targeting" title="Inflation targeting">inflation-targeting</a> monetary policy that has been the cornerstone of Canada's monetary and fiscal policy since the early 1990s, the Bank of Canada sets an inflation target<sup id="cite_ref-Monetary_Policy_Report_2015_07_59-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Monetary_Policy_Report_2015_07-59">[56]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-inflation-targeting_2010_61-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-inflation-targeting_2010-61">[58]</a></sup> The inflation target was set at 2 per cent, which is the midpoint of an inflation range of 1 to 3 per cent. They established a set of inflation-reduction targets to keep inflation "low, stable and predictable" and to foster "confidence in the value of money", contribute to Canada's sustained growth, employment gains and improved standard of living.<sup id="cite_ref-Monetary_Policy_Report_2015_07_59-3" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Monetary_Policy_Report_2015_07-59">[56]</a></sup></p><p>In a January 9, 2019 statement on the release of the Monetary Policy Report, Bank of Canada Governor <a href="/wiki/Stephen_S._Poloz" class="mw-redirect" title="Stephen S. Poloz">Stephen S. Poloz</a> summarized major events since the October report, such as "negative economic consequences" of the <a href="/wiki/China%E2%80%93United_States_trade_war_(2018%E2%80%93present)" class="mw-redirect" title="China–United States trade war (2018–present)">US-led trade war with China</a>. In response to the ongoing trade war "bond yields have fallen, yield curves have flattened even more and stock markets have repriced significantly" in "global financial markets". In Canada, low oil prices will impact Canada's "macroeconomic outlook". Canada's housing sector is not stabilizing as quickly as anticipated.<sup id="cite_ref-BoC_Poloz_20190109_62-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-BoC_Poloz_20190109-62">[59]</a></sup></p>
<h3 class="in-block"><span class="mw-headline" id="Inflation_targeting">Inflation targeting</span><span class="mw-editsection"><a href="/w/index.php?title=Economy_of_Canada&action=edit&section=10" title="Edit section: Inflation targeting" data-section="10" class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element mw-ui-icon-minerva-edit-enabled edit-page mw-ui-icon-flush-right">Edit</a></span></h3>
<p>During the period that <a href="/wiki/John_Crow" title="John Crow">John Crow</a> was Governor of the Bank of Canada—1987 to 1994— there was a worldwide <a href="/wiki/Early_1990s_recession" title="Early 1990s recession">recession</a> and the bank rate rose to around 14% and unemployment topped 11%.<sup id="cite_ref-Blake_2007_60-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Blake_2007-60">[57]</a></sup> Although since that time inflation-targeting has been adopted by "most advanced-world central banks",<sup id="cite_ref-beyond_inflation-targeting_2011_63-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-beyond_inflation-targeting_2011-63">[60]</a></sup> in 1991 it was innovative and Canada was an early adopter when the then-Finance Minister <a href="/wiki/Michael_Wilson_(Canadian_politician)" title="Michael Wilson (Canadian politician)">Michael Wilson</a> approved the Bank of Canada's first inflation-targeting in the 1991 federal budget.<sup id="cite_ref-beyond_inflation-targeting_2011_63-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-beyond_inflation-targeting_2011-63">[60]</a></sup> The inflation target was set at 2 per cent.<sup id="cite_ref-Monetary_Policy_Report_2015_07_59-4" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Monetary_Policy_Report_2015_07-59">[56]</a></sup> Inflation is measured by the total <a href="/wiki/Consumer_price_index" title="Consumer price index">consumer price index</a> (CPI). In 2011 the Government of Canada and the Bank of Canada extended Canada's inflation-control target to December 31, 2016.<sup id="cite_ref-Monetary_Policy_Report_2015_07_59-5" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Monetary_Policy_Report_2015_07-59">[56]</a></sup> The Bank of Canada uses three unconventional instruments to achieve the inflation target: "a conditional statement on the future path of the policy rate", <a href="/wiki/Quantitative_easing" title="Quantitative easing">quantitative easing</a>, and <a href="/wiki/Credit_easing" class="mw-redirect" title="Credit easing">credit easing</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-MPR_2009_64-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-MPR_2009-64">[61]</a></sup></p><p>As a result, interest rates and inflation eventually came down along with the value of the Canadian dollar.<sup id="cite_ref-Blake_2007_60-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Blake_2007-60">[57]</a></sup> From 1991 to 2011 the inflation-targeting regime kept "price gains fairly reliable".<sup id="cite_ref-beyond_inflation-targeting_2011_63-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-beyond_inflation-targeting_2011-63">[60]</a></sup></p><p>Following the <a href="/wiki/Financial_crisis_of_2007%E2%80%9308" title="Financial crisis of 2007–08">Financial crisis of 2007–08</a> the narrow focus of inflation-targeting as a means of providing stable growth in the Canadian economy was questioned. By 2011, the then-Bank of Canada Governor <a href="/wiki/Mark_Carney" title="Mark Carney">Mark Carney</a> argued that the central bank's mandate would allow for a more flexible inflation-targeting in specific situations where he would consider taking longer "than the typical six to eight quarters to return inflation to 2 per cent".<sup id="cite_ref-beyond_inflation-targeting_2011_63-3" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-beyond_inflation-targeting_2011-63">[60]</a></sup></p><p>On July 15, 2015, the <a href="/wiki/Bank_of_Canada" title="Bank of Canada">Bank of Canada</a> announced that it was lowering its target for the overnight rate by another one-quarter percentage point, to 0.5 per cent<sup id="cite_ref-Bank_of_Canada_2015_July_65-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Bank_of_Canada_2015_July-65">[62]</a></sup> "to try to stimulate an economy that appears to have failed to rebound meaningfully from the oil shock woes that dragged it into decline in the first quarter".<sup id="cite_ref-IMF_2015_07_66-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-IMF_2015_07-66">[63]</a></sup> According to the Bank of Canada announcement, in the first quarter of 2015, the total <a href="/wiki/Consumer_price_index" title="Consumer price index">Consumer price index</a> (CPI) inflation was about 1 per cent. This reflects "year-over-year price declines for consumer energy products". Core inflation in the first quarter of 2015 was about 2 per cent with an underlying trend in inflation at about 1.5 to 1.7 per cent.<sup id="cite_ref-Bank_of_Canada_2015_July_65-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Bank_of_Canada_2015_July-65">[62]</a></sup></p><p>In response to the Bank of Canada's July 15, 2015 rate adjustment, Prime Minister <a href="/wiki/Stephen_Harper" title="Stephen Harper">Stephen Harper</a> explained that the economy was "being dragged down by forces beyond Canadian borders such as  global oil prices, the European debt crisis, and China's economic slowdown" which has made the global economy "fragile".<sup id="cite_ref-reuters_2015_67-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-reuters_2015-67">[64]</a></sup></p><p>The <a href="/wiki/Chinese_stock_market" class="mw-redirect" title="Chinese stock market">Chinese stock market</a> had lost about US$3 trillion of wealth by July 2015 when panicked investors sold stocks, which created declines in the <a href="/wiki/Commodities_markets" class="mw-redirect" title="Commodities markets">commodities markets</a>, which in turn negatively impacted resource-producing countries like Canada.<sup id="cite_ref-boom2recession_2015_68-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-boom2recession_2015-68">[65]</a></sup></p><p>The Bank's main priority has been to keep inflation at a moderate level.<sup id="cite_ref-69" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-69">[66]</a></sup> As part of that strategy, interest rates were kept at a low level for almost seven years. Since September 2010, the key interest rate (overnight rate) was 0.5%. Since September 2010, the key interest rate (overnight rate) was 0.5%. In mid 2017, inflation remained below the Bank's 2% target, (at 1.6%)<sup id="cite_ref-70" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-70">[67]</a></sup> mostly because of reductions in the cost of energy, food and automobiles; as well, the economy was in a continuing spurt with a predicted GDP growth of 2.8 percent by year end.<sup id="cite_ref-71" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-71">[68]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-72" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-72">[69]</a></sup> Early on 12 July 2017, the bank issued a statement that the benchmark rate would be increased to 0.75%.
</p>
</section><h2 class="section-heading" onclick="javascript:mfTempOpenSection(4)"><div class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element indicator mw-ui-icon-small mw-ui-icon-flush-left"></div><span class="mw-headline" id="Key_industries">Key industries</span><span class="mw-editsection"><a href="/w/index.php?title=Economy_of_Canada&action=edit&section=11" title="Edit section: Key industries" data-section="11" class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element mw-ui-icon-minerva-edit-enabled edit-page mw-ui-icon-flush-right">Edit</a></span></h2><section class="mf-section-4 collapsible-block" id="mf-section-4">
<p>In 2017, the Canadian economy had the following relative weighting by industry, as percentage value of GDP:<sup id="cite_ref-industrygdp_73-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-industrygdp-73">[70]</a></sup></p>
<table class="wikitable"><tbody><tr><th>Industry</th>
<th>Share of GDP
</th></tr><tr><td>Real estate and rental and leasing</td>
<td>13.01%
</td></tr><tr><td>Manufacturing</td>
<td>10.37%
</td></tr><tr><td>Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction</td>
<td>8.21%
</td></tr><tr><td>Finance and insurance</td>
<td>7.07%
</td></tr><tr><td>Construction</td>
<td>7.07%
</td></tr><tr><td>Health care and social assistance</td>
<td>6.63%
</td></tr><tr><td>Public administration</td>
<td>6.28%
</td></tr><tr><td>Wholesale trade</td>
<td>5.78%
</td></tr><tr><td>Retail trade</td>
<td>5.60%
</td></tr><tr><td>Professional, scientific and technical services</td>
<td>5.54%
</td></tr><tr><td>Educational services</td>
<td>5.21%
</td></tr><tr><td>Transportation and warehousing</td>
<td>4.60%
</td></tr><tr><td>Information and cultural industries</td>
<td>3.00%
</td></tr><tr><td>Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services</td>
<td>2.46%
</td></tr><tr><td>Utilities</td>
<td>2.21%
</td></tr><tr><td>Accommodation and food services</td>
<td>2.15%
</td></tr><tr><td>Other services (except public administration)</td>
<td>1.89%
</td></tr><tr><td>Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting</td>
<td>1.53%
</td></tr><tr><td>Arts, entertainment and recreation</td>
<td>0.77%
</td></tr><tr><td>Management of companies and enterprises</td>
<td>0.62%
</td></tr></tbody></table><h3 class="in-block"><span class="mw-headline" id="Service_sector">Service sector</span><span class="mw-editsection"><a href="/w/index.php?title=Economy_of_Canada&action=edit&section=12" title="Edit section: Service sector" data-section="12" class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element mw-ui-icon-minerva-edit-enabled edit-page mw-ui-icon-flush-right">Edit</a></span></h3>
<p>The service sector in Canada is vast and multifaceted, employing about three quarters of Canadians and accounting for 70% of GDP.<sup id="cite_ref-auto_74-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-auto-74">[71]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-auto_74-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-auto-74">[71]</a></sup> The largest employer is the <a href="/wiki/Retail" title="Retail">retail</a> sector, employing almost 12% of Canadians.<sup id="cite_ref-75" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-75">[72]</a></sup> The retail industry is concentrated mainly in a small number of chain stores clustered together in <a href="/wiki/Shopping_mall" title="Shopping mall">shopping malls</a>. In recent years, there has been an increase in the number of <a href="/wiki/Big-box_store" title="Big-box store">big-box stores</a>, such as <a href="/wiki/Wal-Mart" class="mw-redirect" title="Wal-Mart">Wal-Mart</a> (of the United States), <a href="/wiki/Real_Canadian_Superstore" title="Real Canadian Superstore">Real Canadian Superstore</a>, and <a href="/wiki/Best_Buy" title="Best Buy">Best Buy</a> (of the United States). This has led to fewer workers in this sector and a migration of retail jobs to the suburbs.
</p>
<div class="thumb tright"><div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a href="/wiki/File:Vancouver_downtown.jpg" class="image"><noscript><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5e/Vancouver_downtown.jpg/220px-Vancouver_downtown.jpg" decoding="async" width="220" height="108" class="thumbimage" data-file-width="2691" data-file-height="1320"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 220px;height: 108px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5e/Vancouver_downtown.jpg/220px-Vancouver_downtown.jpg" data-alt="" data-width="220" data-height="108" data-class="thumbimage"> </span></a>  <div class="thumbcaption"><div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:Vancouver_downtown.jpg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div>The <a href="/wiki/Financial_District,_Vancouver" title="Financial District, Vancouver">Financial District</a> in <a href="/wiki/Downtown_Vancouver" title="Downtown Vancouver">Downtown Vancouver</a>. Canadian business services are largely concentrated in large urban areas of Canada.</div></div></div> 
<p>The second largest portion of the service sector is the business service and hire only a slightly smaller percentage of the population.<sup id="cite_ref-76" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-76">[73]</a></sup> This includes the <a href="/wiki/Financial_services" title="Financial services">financial services</a>, <a href="/wiki/Real_estate" title="Real estate">real estate</a>, and communications industries. This portion of the economy has been rapidly growing in recent years. It is largely concentrated in the major urban centres, especially <a href="/wiki/Toronto" title="Toronto">Toronto</a>, <a href="/wiki/Montreal" title="Montreal">Montreal</a> and <a href="/wiki/Vancouver" title="Vancouver">Vancouver</a> (see <a href="/wiki/Banking_in_Canada" title="Banking in Canada">Banking in Canada</a>).
</p><p>The education and health sectors are two of Canada's largest, but both are largely under the influence of the government. The health care industry has been quickly growing, and is the third largest in Canada. Its rapid growth has led to problems for governments who must find money to fund it.
</p><p>Canada has an important <a href="/wiki/High_tech" title="High tech">high tech</a> industry, and a burgeoning film, television, and entertainment industry creating content for local and international consumption (see <a href="/wiki/Media_in_Canada" class="mw-redirect" title="Media in Canada">Media in Canada</a>).<sup id="cite_ref-77" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-77">[74]</a></sup> <a href="/wiki/Tourism_in_Canada" title="Tourism in Canada">Tourism</a> is of ever increasing importance, with the vast majority of international visitors coming from the United States. Casino gaming is currently the fastest-growing component of the Canadian tourism industry, contributing $5 billion in profits for Canadian governments and employing 41,000 Canadians as of 2001.<sup id="cite_ref-78" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-78">[75]</a></sup></p>
<h3 class="in-block"><span class="mw-headline" id="Manufacturing">Manufacturing</span><span class="mw-editsection"><a href="/w/index.php?title=Economy_of_Canada&action=edit&section=13" title="Edit section: Manufacturing" data-section="13" class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element mw-ui-icon-minerva-edit-enabled edit-page mw-ui-icon-flush-right">Edit</a></span></h3>
<div class="thumb tright"><div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a href="/wiki/File:Ford_Oakville_Assembly.JPG" class="image"><noscript><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fe/Ford_Oakville_Assembly.JPG/220px-Ford_Oakville_Assembly.JPG" decoding="async" width="220" height="147" class="thumbimage" data-file-width="3456" data-file-height="2304"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 220px;height: 147px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fe/Ford_Oakville_Assembly.JPG/220px-Ford_Oakville_Assembly.JPG" data-alt="" data-width="220" data-height="147" data-class="thumbimage"> </span></a>  <div class="thumbcaption"><div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:Ford_Oakville_Assembly.JPG" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div><a href="/wiki/Ford_Motor_Company" title="Ford Motor Company">Ford</a>'s <a href="/wiki/Oakville_Assembly" title="Oakville Assembly">Oakville Assembly</a> in the <a href="/wiki/Greater_Toronto_Area" title="Greater Toronto Area">Greater Toronto Area</a>. Central Canada is home to several auto factories of the major American and Japanese automakers.</div></div></div>
<p>The <a href="/wiki/Three-sector_model" title="Three-sector model">general pattern of development</a> for wealthy nations was a transition from a raw material production based economy to a manufacturing based one, and then to a service based economy. At its World War II peak in 1944, Canada's manufacturing sector accounted for 29% of GDP,<sup id="cite_ref-mfggdp_79-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-mfggdp-79">[76]</a></sup> declining to 10.37% in 2017.<sup id="cite_ref-industrygdp_73-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-industrygdp-73">[70]</a></sup> Canada has not suffered as greatly as most other rich, industrialized nations from the pains of the relative decline in the importance of manufacturing since the 1960s.<sup id="cite_ref-mfggdp_79-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-mfggdp-79">[76]</a></sup> A 2009 study by <a href="/wiki/Statistics_Canada" title="Statistics Canada">Statistics Canada</a> also found that, while manufacturing declined as a relative percentage of GDP from 24.3% in the 1960s to 15.6% in 2005, manufacturing volumes between 1961 and 2005 kept pace with the overall growth in the volume index of GDP.<sup id="cite_ref-80" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-80">[77]</a></sup> Manufacturing in Canada was especially hit hard by the <a href="/wiki/Financial_crisis_of_2007%E2%80%9308" title="Financial crisis of 2007–08">financial crisis of 2007–08</a>. As of 2017, manufacturing accounts for 10% of Canada's GDP,<sup id="cite_ref-industrygdp_73-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-industrygdp-73">[70]</a></sup> a relative decline of more than 5% of GDP since 2005.
</p><p>Central Canada is home to <a href="/wiki/Branch_plant" class="mw-redirect" title="Branch plant">branch plants</a> to all the major American and Japanese automobile makers and many parts factories owned by Canadian firms such as <a href="/wiki/Magna_International" title="Magna International">Magna International</a> and <a href="/wiki/Linamar" title="Linamar">Linamar Corporation</a>.
</p>
<h4 class="in-block"><span class="mw-headline" id="Steel">Steel</span><span class="mw-editsection"><a href="/w/index.php?title=Economy_of_Canada&action=edit&section=14" title="Edit section: Steel" data-section="14" class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element mw-ui-icon-minerva-edit-enabled edit-page mw-ui-icon-flush-right">Edit</a></span></h4>
<div class="thumb tright"><div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a href="/wiki/File:HamiltonNorthEndIndustrialA.JPG" class="image"><noscript><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ea/HamiltonNorthEndIndustrialA.JPG/220px-HamiltonNorthEndIndustrialA.JPG" decoding="async" width="220" height="165" class="thumbimage" data-file-width="2272" data-file-height="1704"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 220px;height: 165px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ea/HamiltonNorthEndIndustrialA.JPG/220px-HamiltonNorthEndIndustrialA.JPG" data-alt="" data-width="220" data-height="165" data-class="thumbimage"> </span></a>  <div class="thumbcaption"><div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:HamiltonNorthEndIndustrialA.JPG" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div><a href="/wiki/Dofasco" title="Dofasco">ArcelorMittal Dofasco</a>, view from Burlington Street</div></div></div>
<p>Canada was the world's nineteenth-largest steel exporter in 2018. In year-to-date 2019 (through March), further referred to as YTD 2019, Canada exported 1.39 million metric tons of steel, a 22 percent decrease from 1.79 million metric tons in YTD 2018. Canada's exports represented about 1.5 percent of all steel exported globally in 2017, based on available data. By volume, Canada's 2018 steel exports represented just over one-tenth the volume of the world's largest exporter, China. In value terms, steel represented 1.4 percent of the total goods Canada exported in 2018. The growth in exports in the decade since 2009 has been 29%. The largest producers in 2018 were <a href="/wiki/ArcelorMittal" title="ArcelorMittal">ArcelorMittal</a>, <a href="/wiki/Essar_Steel_Algoma" class="mw-redirect" title="Essar Steel Algoma">Essar Steel Algoma</a>, and the first of those alone accounted for roughly half of Canadian steel production through its two subsidiaries. The top two markets for Canada's exports were its <a href="/wiki/NAFTA" class="mw-redirect" title="NAFTA">NAFTA</a> partners, and by themselves accounted for 92 percent of exports by volume. Canada sent 83 percent of its steel exports to the United States in YTD 2019. The gap between domestic demand and domestic production increased to -2.4 million metric tons, up from -0.2 million metric tons in YTD 2018. In YTD 2019, exports as a share of production deceased to 41.6 percent from 53 percent in YTD 2018.<sup id="cite_ref-usdoc_81-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-usdoc-81">[78]</a></sup></p>
<h3 class="in-block"><span class="mw-headline" id="Energy">Energy</span><span class="mw-editsection"><a href="/w/index.php?title=Economy_of_Canada&action=edit&section=15" title="Edit section: Energy" data-section="15" class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element mw-ui-icon-minerva-edit-enabled edit-page mw-ui-icon-flush-right">Edit</a></span></h3>
<div role="note" class="hatnote navigation-not-searchable">See also: <a href="/wiki/Petroleum_production_in_Canada" class="mw-redirect" title="Petroleum production in Canada">Petroleum production in Canada</a></div>
<div class="thumb tright"><div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a href="/wiki/File:SyncrudeWoodBuffalo.JPG" class="image"><noscript><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/48/SyncrudeWoodBuffalo.JPG/220px-SyncrudeWoodBuffalo.JPG" decoding="async" width="220" height="165" class="thumbimage" data-file-width="3648" data-file-height="2736"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 220px;height: 165px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/48/SyncrudeWoodBuffalo.JPG/220px-SyncrudeWoodBuffalo.JPG" data-alt="" data-width="220" data-height="165" data-class="thumbimage"> </span></a>  <div class="thumbcaption"><div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:SyncrudeWoodBuffalo.JPG" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div><a href="/wiki/Syncrude" title="Syncrude">Syncrude</a>'s Mildred Lake plant site at the <a href="/wiki/Athabasca_oil_sands" title="Athabasca oil sands">Athabasca oil sands</a> in <a href="/wiki/Alberta" title="Alberta">Alberta</a>.</div></div></div>
<p>Canada is one of the few developed nations that is a net exporter of energy—in 2009 net exports of energy products amounted to 2.9% of GDP. Most important are the large oil and gas resources centred in Alberta and the Northern Territories, but also present in neighbouring <a href="/wiki/British_Columbia" title="British Columbia">British Columbia</a> and <a href="/wiki/Saskatchewan" title="Saskatchewan">Saskatchewan</a>. The vast <a href="/wiki/Athabasca_oil_sands" title="Athabasca oil sands">Athabasca oil sands</a> give Canada the world's third largest reserves of oil after Saudi Arabia and Venezuela according to <a href="/wiki/USGS" class="mw-redirect" title="USGS">USGS</a>. In British Columbia and <a href="/wiki/Quebec" title="Quebec">Quebec</a>, as well as Ontario, Saskatchewan, Manitoba and the Labrador region, hydroelectric power is an inexpensive and relatively environmentally friendly source of abundant energy. In part because of this, Canada is also one of the world's highest per capita consumers of energy.<sup id="cite_ref-82" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-82">[79]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-83" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-83">[80]</a></sup> Cheap energy has enabled the creation of several important industries, such as the large <a href="/wiki/Aluminium" title="Aluminium">aluminum</a> industries in British Columbia<sup id="cite_ref-84" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-84">[81]</a></sup> and Quebec.<sup id="cite_ref-85" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-85">[82]</a></sup></p><p>Historically, an important issue in Canadian politics is the interplay between the oil and energy industry in <a href="/wiki/Western_Canada" title="Western Canada">Western Canada</a> and the industrial heartland of Southern Ontario. Foreign investment in Western oil projects has fueled <a href="/wiki/Canada" title="Canada">Canada</a>'s rising dollar. This has raised the price of Ontario's manufacturing exports and made them less competitive, a problem similar to the <a href="/wiki/Dutch_disease" title="Dutch disease">decline of the manufacturing sector in the Netherlands</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-86" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-86">[83]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-87" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-87">[84]</a></sup> Also, Ontario has relatively fewer native sources of power. However, it is cheaper for Alberta to ship its oil to the western United States than to eastern Canada. The eastern Canadian ports thus import significant quantities of oil from overseas, and Ontario makes significant use of <a href="/wiki/Nuclear_power_in_Canada" title="Nuclear power in Canada">nuclear power</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-88" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-88">[85]</a></sup></p><p>The <a href="/wiki/National_Energy_Policy" class="mw-redirect" title="National Energy Policy">National Energy Policy</a> of the early 1980s attempted to force Alberta to sell low-priced oil to eastern Canada. This policy proved deeply divisive, and quickly lost its importance as oil prices collapsed in the mid-1980s. One of the most controversial sections of the <a href="/wiki/Canada%E2%80%93United_States_Free_Trade_Agreement" title="Canada–United States Free Trade Agreement">Canada–United States Free Trade Agreement</a> of 1988 was a promise that Canada would never charge the United States more for energy than fellow Canadians.
</p>
<h3 class="in-block"><span class="mw-headline" id="Agriculture">Agriculture</span><span class="mw-editsection"><a href="/w/index.php?title=Economy_of_Canada&action=edit&section=16" title="Edit section: Agriculture" data-section="16" class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element mw-ui-icon-minerva-edit-enabled edit-page mw-ui-icon-flush-right">Edit</a></span></h3>
<div class="thumb tright"><div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a href="/wiki/File:InlandGrainTerminal.jpg" class="image"><noscript><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/23/InlandGrainTerminal.jpg/220px-InlandGrainTerminal.jpg" decoding="async" width="220" height="130" class="thumbimage" data-file-width="2148" data-file-height="1269"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 220px;height: 130px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/23/InlandGrainTerminal.jpg/220px-InlandGrainTerminal.jpg" data-alt="" data-width="220" data-height="130" data-class="thumbimage"> </span></a>  <div class="thumbcaption"><div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:InlandGrainTerminal.jpg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div>An inland grain terminal along the <a href="/wiki/Yellowhead_Highway" title="Yellowhead Highway">Yellowhead Highway</a> in <a href="/wiki/Saskatchewan" title="Saskatchewan">Saskatchewan</a>.</div></div></div>
<div role="note" class="hatnote navigation-not-searchable">Main article: <a href="/wiki/Agriculture_in_Canada" title="Agriculture in Canada">Agriculture in Canada</a></div>
<p>Canada is also one of the world's largest suppliers of agricultural products, particularly of wheat and other grains.<sup id="cite_ref-89" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-89">[86]</a></sup> Canada is a major exporter of agricultural products, to the United States and Asia. As with all other developed nations the proportion of the population and GDP devoted to agriculture fell dramatically over the 20th century. The agriculture and agri-food manufacturing sector created $49.0 billion to Canada's GDP in 2015, accounting for 2.6% of total GDP.<sup id="cite_ref-90" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-90">[87]</a></sup></p><p>As with other developed nations, the Canadian agriculture industry receives significant government subsidies and supports. However, Canada has been a strong supporter of reducing market influencing subsidies through the <a href="/wiki/World_Trade_Organization" title="World Trade Organization">World Trade Organization</a>. In 2000, Canada spent approximately CDN$4.6 billion on supports for the industry. Of this, $2.32 billion was classified under the WTO designation of "green box" support, meaning it did not directly influence the market, such as money for research or disaster relief. All but $848.2 million were subsidies worth less than 5% of the value of the crops they were provided for.
</p>
</section><h2 class="section-heading" onclick="javascript:mfTempOpenSection(5)"><div class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element indicator mw-ui-icon-small mw-ui-icon-flush-left"></div><span class="mw-headline" id="Free-trade_agreements">Free-trade agreements</span><span class="mw-editsection"><a href="/w/index.php?title=Economy_of_Canada&action=edit&section=17" title="Edit section: Free-trade agreements" data-section="17" class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element mw-ui-icon-minerva-edit-enabled edit-page mw-ui-icon-flush-right">Edit</a></span></h2><section class="mf-section-5 collapsible-block" id="mf-section-5">
<div role="note" class="hatnote navigation-not-searchable">Main article: <a href="/wiki/Free-trade_agreements_of_Canada" class="mw-redirect" title="Free-trade agreements of Canada">Free-trade agreements of Canada</a></div>
<div class="thumb tright"><div class="thumbinner" style="width:277px;"><a href="/wiki/File:FTAs_with_Canada.svg" class="image"><noscript><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/43/FTAs_with_Canada.svg/275px-FTAs_with_Canada.svg.png" decoding="async" width="275" height="141" class="thumbimage" data-file-width="1104" data-file-height="566"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 275px;height: 141px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/43/FTAs_with_Canada.svg/275px-FTAs_with_Canada.svg.png" data-alt="" data-width="275" data-height="141" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/43/FTAs_with_Canada.svg/413px-FTAs_with_Canada.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/43/FTAs_with_Canada.svg/550px-FTAs_with_Canada.svg.png 2x" data-class="thumbimage"> </span></a>  <div class="thumbcaption"><div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:FTAs_with_Canada.svg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div><div class="legend" style="-webkit-column-break-inside: avoid;page-break-inside: avoid;break-inside: avoid-column"><span class="legend-color" style="display:inline-block; width:1.5em; height:1.5em; margin:1px 0; border:1px solid black; background-color: #000; color:black; font-size:100%; text-align:center;"> </span> Canada</div><div class="legend" style="-webkit-column-break-inside: avoid;page-break-inside: avoid;break-inside: avoid-column"><span class="legend-color" style="display:inline-block; width:1.5em; height:1.5em; margin:1px 0; border:1px solid black; background-color: #393; color:black; font-size:100%; text-align:center;"> </span> Free-trade areas</div></div></div></div>
<h3 class="in-block"><span class="mw-headline" id="Free-trade_agreements_in_force">Free-trade agreements in force</span><span class="mw-editsection"><a href="/w/index.php?title=Economy_of_Canada&action=edit&section=18" title="Edit section: Free-trade agreements in force" data-section="18" class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element mw-ui-icon-minerva-edit-enabled edit-page mw-ui-icon-flush-right">Edit</a></span></h3>
<dl><dd>Source:<sup id="cite_ref-91" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-91">[88]</a></sup></dd></dl><ul><li><a href="/wiki/Canada%E2%80%93U.S._Free_Trade_Agreement" class="mw-redirect" title="Canada–U.S. Free Trade Agreement">Canada–U.S. Free Trade Agreement</a> (Signed 12 October 1987, entered into force 1 January 1989, later superseded by NAFTA)</li>
<li><a href="/wiki/North_American_Free_Trade_Agreement" title="North American Free Trade Agreement">North American Free Trade Agreement</a> (Entered into force 1 January 1994, includes Canada, U.S. and Mexico)</li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Canada%E2%80%93Israel_Free_Trade_Agreement" title="Canada–Israel Free Trade Agreement">Canada–Israel Free Trade Agreement</a> (Entered into force 1 January 1997, modernization ongoing)</li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Canada%E2%80%93Chile_Free_Trade_Agreement" title="Canada–Chile Free Trade Agreement">Canada–Chile Free Trade Agreement</a> (Entered into force 5 July 1997)</li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Canada%E2%80%93Costa_Rica_Free_Trade_Agreement" title="Canada–Costa Rica Free Trade Agreement">Canada–Costa Rica Free Trade Agreement</a> (Entered into force 1 November 2002, modernization ongoing)</li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Canada%E2%80%93European_Free_Trade_Association_Free_Trade_Agreement" title="Canada–European Free Trade Association Free Trade Agreement">Canada–European Free Trade Association Free Trade Agreement</a> (Iceland, Norway, Switzerland and Liechtenstein; entered into force 01-Jul-2009)</li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Canada%E2%80%93Peru_Free_Trade_Agreement" title="Canada–Peru Free Trade Agreement">Canada–Peru Free Trade Agreement</a> (Entered into force 1 August 2009)</li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Canada%E2%80%93Colombia_Free_Trade_Agreement" title="Canada–Colombia Free Trade Agreement">Canada–Colombia Free Trade Agreement</a> (Signed 21 November 2008, entered into force 15 August 2011; Canada's ratification of this FTA had been dependent upon Colombia's ratification of the "Agreement Concerning Annual Reports on Human Rights and Free Trade Between Canada and the Republic of Colombia" signed on 27 May 2010)</li>
<li>Canada–Jordan Free Trade Agreement (Signed on 28 June 2009, entered into force 1 October 2012)</li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Canada%E2%80%93Panama_Free_Trade_Agreement" title="Canada–Panama Free Trade Agreement">Canada–Panama Free Trade Agreement</a> (Signed on 14 May 2010, entered into force 1 April 2013)</li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Canada%E2%80%93South_Korea_Free_Trade_Agreement" class="mw-redirect" title="Canada–South Korea Free Trade Agreement">Canada–South Korea Free Trade Agreement</a> (Signed on 11 March 2014, entered into force 1 January 2015)</li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Canada%E2%80%93Ukraine_Free_Trade_Agreement" title="Canada–Ukraine Free Trade Agreement">Canada–Ukraine Free Trade Agreement</a> (concluded 14 July 2015, entered into force 1 August 2017)</li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Comprehensive_and_Progressive_Agreement_for_Trans-Pacific_Partnership" title="Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership">Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership</a> (signed 8 March 2018, entered into force 30 December 2018)</li></ul><h3 class="in-block"><span class="mw-headline" id="Free-trade_agreements_concluded">Free-trade agreements concluded</span><span class="mw-editsection"><a href="/w/index.php?title=Economy_of_Canada&action=edit&section=19" title="Edit section: Free-trade agreements concluded" data-section="19" class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element mw-ui-icon-minerva-edit-enabled edit-page mw-ui-icon-flush-right">Edit</a></span></h3>
<dl><dd>Source:<sup id="cite_ref-Canada's_Free_Trade_Agreements_92-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Canada's_Free_Trade_Agreements-92">[89]</a></sup></dd></dl><ul><li><a href="/wiki/Trans-Pacific_Partnership" title="Trans-Pacific Partnership">Trans-Pacific Partnership</a> (concluded 5 October 2015, superseded by CPTPP)</li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Comprehensive_Economic_and_Trade_Agreement" title="Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement">Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement</a> (concluded 5 August 2014)</li>
<li><a href="/wiki/United_States%E2%80%93Mexico%E2%80%93Canada_Agreement" title="United States–Mexico–Canada Agreement">United States–Mexico–Canada Agreement</a> (to supersede NAFTA, concluded 30 November 2018)</li></ul><h3 class="in-block"><span class="mw-headline" id="Ongoing_free-trade_agreements_negotiations">Ongoing free-trade agreements negotiations</span><span class="mw-editsection"><a href="/w/index.php?title=Economy_of_Canada&action=edit&section=20" title="Edit section: Ongoing free-trade agreements negotiations" data-section="20" class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element mw-ui-icon-minerva-edit-enabled edit-page mw-ui-icon-flush-right">Edit</a></span></h3>
<dl><dd>Source:<sup id="cite_ref-Canada's_Free_Trade_Agreements_92-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Canada's_Free_Trade_Agreements-92">[89]</a></sup></dd></dl><p>Canada is negotiating bilateral FTAs with the following countries respectively trade blocs:
</p>
<ul><li>Caribbean Community (<a href="/wiki/CARICOM" class="mw-redirect" title="CARICOM">CARICOM</a>)</li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Guatemala" title="Guatemala">Guatemala</a>, <a href="/wiki/Nicaragua" title="Nicaragua">Nicaragua</a> and <a href="/wiki/El_Salvador" title="El Salvador">El Salvador</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Dominican_Republic" title="Dominican Republic">Dominican Republic</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/India" title="India">India</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Japan" title="Japan">Japan</a><sup id="cite_ref-93" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-93">[90]</a></sup></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Morocco" title="Morocco">Morocco</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Singapore" title="Singapore">Singapore</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Andean_Community" title="Andean Community">Andean Community</a> (FTA's are already in force with Peru and Colombia)</li></ul><p>Canada has been involved in negotiations to create the following regional trade blocks:
</p>
<ul><li>Canada and Central American Free Trade Agreement</li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Free_Trade_Area_of_the_Americas" title="Free Trade Area of the Americas">Free Trade Area of the Americas</a> (FTAA)</li></ul></section><h2 class="section-heading" onclick="javascript:mfTempOpenSection(6)"><div class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element indicator mw-ui-icon-small mw-ui-icon-flush-left"></div><span class="mw-headline" id="Political_issues">Political issues</span><span class="mw-editsection"><a href="/w/index.php?title=Economy_of_Canada&action=edit&section=21" title="Edit section: Political issues" data-section="21" class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element mw-ui-icon-minerva-edit-enabled edit-page mw-ui-icon-flush-right">Edit</a></span></h2><section class="mf-section-6 collapsible-block" id="mf-section-6">
<h3 class="in-block"><span class="mw-headline" id="Relations_with_the_U.S.">Relations with the U.S.</span><span class="mw-editsection"><a href="/w/index.php?title=Economy_of_Canada&action=edit&section=22" title="Edit section: Relations with the U.S." data-section="22" class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element mw-ui-icon-minerva-edit-enabled edit-page mw-ui-icon-flush-right">Edit</a></span></h3>
<div role="note" class="hatnote navigation-not-searchable">Main article: <a href="/wiki/Canada%E2%80%93United_States_trade_relations" title="Canada–United States trade relations">Canada–United States trade relations</a></div>
<p>Canada and the United States share a common trading relationship. Canada's job market continues to perform well along with the US, reaching a 30-year low in the unemployment rate in December 2006, following 14 consecutive years of employment growth.<sup id="cite_ref-94" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-94">[91]</a></sup></p>
<div class="thumb tright"><div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a href="/wiki/File:Flags-of-usa-and-canada.jpg" class="image"><noscript><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/11/Flags-of-usa-and-canada.jpg/220px-Flags-of-usa-and-canada.jpg" decoding="async" width="220" height="214" class="thumbimage" data-file-width="1012" data-file-height="984"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 220px;height: 214px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/11/Flags-of-usa-and-canada.jpg/220px-Flags-of-usa-and-canada.jpg" data-alt="" data-width="220" data-height="214" data-class="thumbimage"> </span></a>  <div class="thumbcaption"><div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:Flags-of-usa-and-canada.jpg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div>Flags of Canada and the United States</div></div></div>
<p>The United States is by far Canada's largest trading partner, with more than $1.7 billion <a href="/wiki/Canadian_dollar" title="Canadian dollar">CAD</a> in trade per day in 2005.<sup id="cite_ref-95" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-95">[92]</a></sup> In 2009, 73% of Canada's exports went to the United States, and 63% of Canada's imports were from the United States.<sup id="cite_ref-96" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-96">[93]</a></sup> Trade with Canada makes up 23% of the United States' exports and 17% of its imports.<sup id="cite_ref-97" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-97">[94]</a></sup>  By comparison, in 2005 this was more than U.S. trade with all countries in the <a href="/wiki/European_Union" title="European Union">European Union</a> combined,<sup id="cite_ref-98" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-98">[95]</a></sup> and well over twice U.S. trade with all the countries of <a href="/wiki/Latin_America" title="Latin America">Latin America</a> combined.<sup id="cite_ref-99" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-99">[96]</a></sup>  Just the two-way trade that crosses the <a href="/wiki/Ambassador_Bridge" title="Ambassador Bridge">Ambassador Bridge</a> between <a href="/wiki/Michigan" title="Michigan">Michigan</a> and <a href="/wiki/Ontario" title="Ontario">Ontario</a> equals all U.S. exports to <a href="/wiki/Japan" title="Japan">Japan</a>. Canada's importance to the United States is not just a border-state phenomenon: Canada is the leading export market for 35 of 50 U.S. states, and is the United States' largest foreign supplier of energy.
</p><p>Bilateral trade increased by 52% between 1989, when the U.S.–Canada Free Trade Agreement (FTA) went into effect, and 1994, when the <a href="/wiki/North_American_Free_Trade_Agreement" title="North American Free Trade Agreement">North American Free Trade Agreement</a> (NAFTA) superseded it.<sup class="noprint Inline-Template Template-Fact" style="white-space:nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Citation_needed" title="Wikipedia:Citation needed"><span title="This claim needs references to reliable sources. (September 2007)">citation needed</span></a></i>]</sup> Trade has since increased by 40%. NAFTA continues the FTA's moves toward reducing trade barriers and establishing agreed-upon trade rules. It also resolves some long-standing bilateral irritants and liberalizes rules in several areas, including agriculture, services, energy, financial services, investment, and government procurement. NAFTA forms the largest trading area in the world, embracing the 405 million people of the three North American countries.
</p><p>The largest component of U.S.–Canada trade is in the <a href="/wiki/Commodity" title="Commodity">commodity</a> sector.
</p><p>The U.S. is Canada's largest agricultural export market, taking well over half of all Canadian food exports.<sup id="cite_ref-100" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-100">[97]</a></sup> Nearly two-thirds of Canada's forest products, including <a href="/wiki/Pulp_(paper)" title="Pulp (paper)">pulp</a> and <a href="/wiki/Paper" title="Paper">paper</a>, are exported to the United States; 72% of Canada's total <a href="/wiki/Newsprint" title="Newsprint">newsprint</a> production also is exported to the U.S.
</p><p>At <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20060411203756/http://www.nrcan.gc.ca/statistics/energy/default.html">$73.6</a> billion in 2004, U.S.-Canada trade in <a href="/wiki/Energy_development" title="Energy development">energy</a> is the largest U.S. energy trading relationship, with the overwhelming majority ($66.7 billion) being exports from Canada. The primary components of U.S. energy trade with Canada are <a href="/wiki/Petroleum" title="Petroleum">petroleum</a>, <a href="/wiki/Natural_gas" title="Natural gas">natural gas</a>, and <a href="/wiki/Electricity" title="Electricity">electricity</a>. Canada is the United States' largest oil supplier and the fifth-largest energy producing country in the world. Canada provides about 16% of U.S. oil imports and 14% of total U.S. consumption of natural gas. The United States and Canada's national electricity grids are linked, and both countries share <a href="/wiki/Hydropower" title="Hydropower">hydropower</a> facilities on the western borders.
</p><p>While most of U.S.-Canada trade flows smoothly, there are occasionally bilateral trade disputes, particularly in the agricultural and cultural fields.<sup class="noprint Inline-Template Template-Fact" style="white-space:nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Citation_needed" title="Wikipedia:Citation needed"><span title="This claim needs references to reliable sources. (May 2007)">citation needed</span></a></i>]</sup> Usually these issues are resolved through bilateral consultative forums or referral to <a href="/wiki/World_Trade_Organization" title="World Trade Organization">World Trade Organization</a> (WTO) or NAFTA dispute resolution.<sup class="noprint Inline-Template Template-Fact" style="white-space:nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Citation_needed" title="Wikipedia:Citation needed"><span title="This claim needs references to reliable sources. (May 2007)">citation needed</span></a></i>]</sup> In May 1999, the U.S. and Canadian governments negotiated an agreement on <a href="/wiki/Magazine" title="Magazine">magazines</a> that provides increased access for the U.S. <a href="/wiki/Publishing" title="Publishing">publishing</a> industry to the Canadian market. The United States and Canada also have resolved several major issues involving <a href="/wiki/Fishery" title="Fishery">fisheries</a>. By common agreement, the two countries submitted a <a href="/wiki/Gulf_of_Maine" title="Gulf of Maine">Gulf of Maine</a> boundary dispute to the <a href="/wiki/International_Court_of_Justice" title="International Court of Justice">International Court of Justice</a> in 1981; both accepted the court's 12 October 1984 ruling which demarcated the territorial sea boundary. A current issue between the United States and Canada is the ongoing <a href="/wiki/US_-_Canada_softwood_lumber_dispute" class="mw-redirect" title="US - Canada softwood lumber dispute">softwood lumber dispute</a>, as the U.S. alleges that Canada unfairly subsidizes its forestry industry.<sup class="noprint Inline-Template Template-Fact" style="white-space:nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Citation_needed" title="Wikipedia:Citation needed"><span title="This claim needs references to reliable sources. (May 2007)">citation needed</span></a></i>]</sup></p><p>In 1990, the United States and Canada signed a bilateral Fisheries Enforcement Agreement, which has served to deter illegal fishing activity and reduce the risk of injury during fisheries enforcement incidents. The U.S. and Canada signed a <a href="/wiki/Pacific_Salmon" class="mw-redirect" title="Pacific Salmon">Pacific Salmon</a> Agreement in June 1999 that settled differences over implementation of the 1985 Pacific Salmon Treaty for the next decade.<sup id="cite_ref-101" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-101">[98]</a></sup></p><p>Canada and the United States signed an <a href="/wiki/Aviation" title="Aviation">aviation</a> agreement during <a href="/wiki/Bill_Clinton" title="Bill Clinton">Bill Clinton</a>'s visit to Canada in February 1995, and air traffic between the two countries has increased dramatically as a result. The two countries also share in operation of the <a href="/wiki/St._Lawrence_Seaway" class="mw-redirect" title="St. Lawrence Seaway">St. Lawrence Seaway</a>, connecting the <a href="/wiki/Great_Lakes" title="Great Lakes">Great Lakes</a> to the <a href="/wiki/Atlantic_Ocean" title="Atlantic Ocean">Atlantic Ocean</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-102" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-102">[99]</a></sup></p><p>The U.S remains Canada's largest foreign investor and the most popular destination for Canadian foreign investments.  In 2018, the stock of U.S. direct investment in Canada totaled $406 billion, while the stock of Canadian investment in the U.S totaled $595 billion, or 46% of the overall CDIA stock for 2018.<sup id="cite_ref-103" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-103">[100]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-104" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-104">[101]</a></sup> This made Canada the second largest investing country in the U.S for 2018<sup id="cite_ref-105" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-105">[102]</a></sup> US investments are primarily directed at Canada's <a href="/wiki/Mining" title="Mining">mining</a> and <a href="/wiki/Smelting" title="Smelting">smelting</a> industries, petroleum, chemicals, the manufacture of machinery and transportation equipment, and finance, while Canadian investment in the United States is concentrated in manufacturing, wholesale trade, real estate, petroleum, finance, and insurance and other services.<sup id="cite_ref-106" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-106">[103]</a></sup></p>
</section><h2 class="section-heading" onclick="javascript:mfTempOpenSection(7)"><div class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element indicator mw-ui-icon-small mw-ui-icon-flush-left"></div><span class="mw-headline" id="Debt_issue">Debt issue</span><span class="mw-editsection"><a href="/w/index.php?title=Economy_of_Canada&action=edit&section=23" title="Edit section: Debt issue" data-section="23" class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element mw-ui-icon-minerva-edit-enabled edit-page mw-ui-icon-flush-right">Edit</a></span></h2><section class="mf-section-7 collapsible-block" id="mf-section-7">
<div class="thumb tright"><div class="thumbinner" style="width:252px;"><a href="/wiki/File:Government_debt_gdp.png" class="image"><noscript><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5b/Government_debt_gdp.png/250px-Government_debt_gdp.png" decoding="async" width="250" height="150" class="thumbimage" data-file-width="2640" data-file-height="1584"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 250px;height: 150px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5b/Government_debt_gdp.png/250px-Government_debt_gdp.png" data-alt="" data-width="250" data-height="150" data-class="thumbimage"> </span></a>  <div class="thumbcaption"><div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:Government_debt_gdp.png" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div><a href="/wiki/Government_debt" title="Government debt">Government debt</a> as a percent of GDP by IMF (2018)</div></div></div>
<h3 class="in-block"><span class="mw-headline" id="Central_Government_Debt">Central Government Debt</span><span class="mw-editsection"><a href="/w/index.php?title=Economy_of_Canada&action=edit&section=24" title="Edit section: Central Government Debt" data-section="24" class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element mw-ui-icon-minerva-edit-enabled edit-page mw-ui-icon-flush-right">Edit</a></span></h3>
<p>The OECD reports the Central Government Debt as percentage of the GDP. In 2000 Canada's was 40.9 percent, in 2007 it was 25.2 percent, in 2008 it was 28.6 percent and by 2010 it was 36.1 percent.<sup id="cite_ref-OECDdebtGDP_107-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-OECDdebtGDP-107">[104]</a></sup> The OECD reports net financial liabilities measure used by the OECD, reports the net number at 25.2%, as of 2008,<sup id="cite_ref-OECDdebtGDP_107-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-OECDdebtGDP-107">[104]</a></sup> making Canada's total <a href="/wiki/Government_debt" title="Government debt">government debt</a> burden as the lowest in the G8. The gross number was 68% in 2011.<sup id="cite_ref-OECD_108-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-OECD-108">[105]</a></sup></p><p>The CIA World Factbook, updated weekly, measures financial liabilities by using gross general government debt, as opposed to net federal debt used by the OECD and the Canadian federal government. Gross general government debt includes both "intragovernmental debt and the debt of public entities at the sub-national level". For example, the CIA measured <a href="/wiki/Canadian_public_debt" title="Canadian public debt">Canada's public debt</a> as 84.1% of GDP in 2012 and 87.4% of GDP in 2011 making it 22nd in the world.<sup id="cite_ref-CIAWorldFact_109-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-CIAWorldFact-109">[106]</a></sup></p>
<h3 class="in-block"><span class="mw-headline" id="Household_Debt">Household Debt</span><span class="mw-editsection"><a href="/w/index.php?title=Economy_of_Canada&action=edit&section=25" title="Edit section: Household Debt" data-section="25" class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element mw-ui-icon-minerva-edit-enabled edit-page mw-ui-icon-flush-right">Edit</a></span></h3>
<p><a href="/wiki/Household_debt" title="Household debt">Household debt</a>, the amount of money that all adults in the household owe financial institutions, includes <a href="/wiki/Consumer_debt" title="Consumer debt">consumer debt</a> and <a href="/wiki/Mortgage_loan" title="Mortgage loan">mortgage loans</a>. In March 2015, the International Monetary Fund reported that Canada's high household debt was one of two vulnerable domestic areas in Canada's economy; the second is its overheated housing market.<sup id="cite_ref-IMF_2015_CA_110-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-IMF_2015_CA-110">[107]</a></sup></p><p>According to Statistics Canada, <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/t1/tbl1/en/tv.action?pid=1010011801">total household credit</a> as of July 2019 was CAD$2.2 trillion.<sup id="cite_ref-Statistics_Canada_111-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Statistics_Canada-111">[108]</a></sup> According to Philip Cross of the <a href="/wiki/Fraser_Institute" title="Fraser Institute">Fraser Institute</a>, in May 2015, while the Canadian household debt-to-income ratio is similar to that in the US, however lending standards in Canada are tighter than those in the United States to protect against high-risk borrowers taking out unsustainable debt.<sup id="cite_ref-Fraser2015_112-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Fraser2015-112">[109]</a></sup></p>
</section><h2 class="section-heading" onclick="javascript:mfTempOpenSection(8)"><div class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element indicator mw-ui-icon-small mw-ui-icon-flush-left"></div><span class="mw-headline" id="Mergers_and_Acquisition">Mergers and Acquisition</span><span class="mw-editsection"><a href="/w/index.php?title=Economy_of_Canada&action=edit&section=26" title="Edit section: Mergers and Acquisition" data-section="26" class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element mw-ui-icon-minerva-edit-enabled edit-page mw-ui-icon-flush-right">Edit</a></span></h2><section class="mf-section-8 collapsible-block" id="mf-section-8">
<div role="note" class="hatnote navigation-not-searchable">See also: <a href="/wiki/List_of_largest_companies_of_Canada" class="mw-redirect" title="List of largest companies of Canada">List of largest companies of Canada</a></div>
<p>Since 1985 63,755 deals in- and outbound Canada have been announced.<sup class="noprint Inline-Template" style="white-space:nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Manual_of_Style/Dates_and_numbers#Chronological_items" title="Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Dates and numbers"><span title="The time period mentioned near this tag is ambiguous. (March 2018)">when?</span></a></i>]</sup> This cummulates to an overall value of 3700.5 bil. USD.<sup id="cite_ref-IMAA-Institute_113-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-IMAA-Institute-113">[110]</a></sup> Almost 50% of the targets of Canadian companies (outbound deals) have a parent company in the US. Inbound deals are 82% percent from the US.
</p><p>Here is a list of the biggest deals in Canadian history:<sup id="cite_ref-IMAA-Institute_113-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-IMAA-Institute-113">[110]</a></sup></p>
<table class="wikitable"><tbody><tr><th scope="col">Rank
</th>
<th scope="col">Date announced
</th>
<th scope="col">Acquiror name
</th>
<th scope="col">Acquiror nation
</th>
<th scope="col">Target name
</th>
<th scope="col">Target nation
</th>
<th scope="col">Value (in bil. USD)
</th></tr><tr><td>1
</td>
<td>01.26.2000
</td>
<td>Spin-off
</td>
<td>Canada
</td>
<td>Nortel Networks Corp
</td>
<td>Canada
</td>
<td>59.97
</td></tr><tr><td>2
</td>
<td>06.20.2000
</td>
<td>Vivendi SA
</td>
<td>France
</td>
<td>Seagram Co Ltd
</td>
<td>Canada
</td>
<td>40.43
</td></tr><tr><td>3
</td>
<td>07.12.2007
</td>
<td>Rio Tinto Canada Holdings Inc
</td>
<td>Canada
</td>
<td>Alcan Inc
</td>
<td>Canada
</td>
<td>37.63
</td></tr><tr><td>4
</td>
<td>09.06.2016
</td>
<td>Enbridge Inc
</td>
<td>Canada
</td>
<td>Spectra Energy Corp
</td>
<td>United States
</td>
<td>28.29
</td></tr><tr><td>5
</td>
<td>12.03.2014
</td>
<td>Enbridge Income Fund
</td>
<td>Canada
</td>
<td>Enbridge Inc-Liquids
</td>
<td>Canada
</td>
<td>24.79
</td></tr><tr><td>6
</td>
<td>05.11.2008
</td>
<td>Shareholders
</td>
<td>Canada
</td>
<td>Cenovus Energy Inc
</td>
<td>Canada
</td>
<td>20.26
</td></tr><tr><td>7
</td>
<td>07.23.2012
</td>
<td>CNOOC Canada Holding Ltd
</td>
<td>Canada
</td>
<td>Nexen Inc
</td>
<td>Canada
</td>
<td>19.12
</td></tr><tr><td>8
</td>
<td>05.15.2006
</td>
<td>Xstrata PLC
</td>
<td>Switzerland
</td>
<td>Falconbridge Ltd
</td>
<td>Canada
</td>
<td>17.40
</td></tr><tr><td>9
</td>
<td>08.11.2006
</td>
<td>Cia Vale do Rio Doce SA
</td>
<td>Brazil
</td>
<td>Inco Ltd
</td>
<td>Canada
</td>
<td>17.15
</td></tr><tr><td>10
</td>
<td>03.23.2009
</td>
<td>Suncor Energy Inc
</td>
<td>Canada
</td>
<td>Petro-Canada
</td>
<td>Canada
</td>
<td>15.58
</td></tr><tr><td>11
</td>
<td>07.29.2008
</td>
<td>Teck Cominco Ltd
</td>
<td>Canada
</td>
<td>Fording Canadian Coal Trust
</td>
<td>Canada
</td>
<td>13.60
</td></tr></tbody></table></section><h2 class="section-heading" onclick="javascript:mfTempOpenSection(9)"><div class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element indicator mw-ui-icon-small mw-ui-icon-flush-left"></div><span class="mw-headline" id="See_also">See also</span><span class="mw-editsection"><a href="/w/index.php?title=Economy_of_Canada&action=edit&section=27" title="Edit section: See also" data-section="27" class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element mw-ui-icon-minerva-edit-enabled edit-page mw-ui-icon-flush-right">Edit</a></span></h2><section class="mf-section-9 collapsible-block" id="mf-section-9">
<ul><li><a href="/wiki/Canada%27s_Global_Markets_Action_Plan" title="Canada's Global Markets Action Plan">Canada's Global Markets Action Plan</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Comparison_of_Canadian_and_American_economies" title="Comparison of Canadian and American economies">Comparison of Canadian and American economies</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Economy_of_Alberta" title="Economy of Alberta">Economy of Alberta</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Economy_of_Ontario" title="Economy of Ontario">Economy of Ontario</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Economy_of_Quebec" title="Economy of Quebec">Economy of Quebec</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/Economy_of_Saskatchewan" title="Economy of Saskatchewan">Economy of Saskatchewan</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/History_of_the_petroleum_industry_in_Canada" title="History of the petroleum industry in Canada">History of the petroleum industry in Canada</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/List_of_Median_household_income_of_cities_in_Canada" class="mw-redirect" title="List of Median household income of cities in Canada">List of Median household income of cities in Canada</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/List_of_Commonwealth_of_Nations_countries_by_GDP" class="mw-redirect" title="List of Commonwealth of Nations countries by GDP">List of Commonwealth of Nations countries by GDP</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/List_of_Canadian_provinces_and_territories_by_gross_domestic_product" title="List of Canadian provinces and territories by gross domestic product">List of Canadian provinces and territories by gross domestic product</a></li>
<li><a href="/wiki/File:Flag_of_Canada.svg" class="image"><noscript><img alt="Flag of Canada.svg" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/c/cf/Flag_of_Canada.svg/16px-Flag_of_Canada.svg.png" decoding="async" width="16" height="8" class="noviewer" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="600"></noscript><span class="lazy-image-placeholder" style="width: 16px;height: 8px;" data-src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/c/cf/Flag_of_Canada.svg/16px-Flag_of_Canada.svg.png" data-alt="Flag of Canada.svg" data-width="16" data-height="8" data-srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/c/cf/Flag_of_Canada.svg/24px-Flag_of_Canada.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/c/cf/Flag_of_Canada.svg/32px-Flag_of_Canada.svg.png 2x" data-class="noviewer"> </span></a> <a href="/wiki/Portal:Canada" title="Portal:Canada">Canada portal</a></li></ul></section><h2 class="section-heading" onclick="javascript:mfTempOpenSection(10)"><div class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element indicator mw-ui-icon-small mw-ui-icon-flush-left"></div><span class="mw-headline" id="Notes">Notes</span><span class="mw-editsection"><a href="/w/index.php?title=Economy_of_Canada&action=edit&section=28" title="Edit section: Notes" data-section="28" class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element mw-ui-icon-minerva-edit-enabled edit-page mw-ui-icon-flush-right">Edit</a></span></h2><section class="mf-section-10 collapsible-block" id="mf-section-10">
<div class="reflist" style="list-style-type: decimal;">
<div class="mw-references-wrap"><ol class="references"><li id="cite_note-55"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-55">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">The OECD produces an annual report on member nations who share the goal of "contributing to the development of the world economy" by attaining the "highest sustainable economic growth and employment and a rising standard of living while maintaining financial stability."</span>
</li>
</ol></div></div>
<div class="reflist" style="list-style-type: decimal;">
<div class="mw-references-wrap"><ol class="references"><li id="cite_note-6"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-6">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">this figure is the Low Income Cut-Off, a calculation that results in higher figures than found in many comparable economies; Canada does not have an official poverty line</span>
</li>
<li id="cite_note-19"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-19">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">figures are for gross general government debt, as opposed to net federal debt; gross general government debt includes both intragovernmental debt and the debt of public entities at the sub-national level</span>
</li>
</ol></div></div>
<ul><li><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/t1/tbl1/en/tv.action?pid=3610043403">"Gross domestic product (GDP) at basic prices, by industry"</a>. <i>www150.statcan.gc.ca</i>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=unknown&rft.jtitle=www150.statcan.gc.ca&rft.atitle=Gross+domestic+product+%28GDP%29+at+basic+prices%2C+by+industry&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww150.statcan.gc.ca%2Ft1%2Ftbl1%2Fen%2Ftv.action%3Fpid%3D3610043403&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><style data-mw-deduplicate="TemplateStyles:r935243608">.mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}</style></li></ul></section><h2 class="section-heading" onclick="javascript:mfTempOpenSection(11)"><div class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element indicator mw-ui-icon-small mw-ui-icon-flush-left"></div><span class="mw-headline" id="References">References</span><span class="mw-editsection"><a href="/w/index.php?title=Economy_of_Canada&action=edit&section=29" title="Edit section: References" data-section="29" class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element mw-ui-icon-minerva-edit-enabled edit-page mw-ui-icon-flush-right">Edit</a></span></h2><section class="mf-section-11 collapsible-block" id="mf-section-11">
<div class="reflist columns references-column-width" style="-moz-column-width: 30em; -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">
<ol class="references"><li id="cite_note-1"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-1">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2019/01/weodata/weoselco.aspx?g=110&sg=All+countries+%2f+Advanced+economies">"World Economic Outlook Database, April 2019"</a>. <i>IMF.org</i>. <a href="/wiki/International_Monetary_Fund" title="International Monetary Fund">International Monetary Fund</a><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">September 29,</span> 2019</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=unknown&rft.jtitle=IMF.org&rft.atitle=World+Economic+Outlook+Database%2C+April+2019&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.imf.org%2Fexternal%2Fpubs%2Fft%2Fweo%2F2019%2F01%2Fweodata%2Fweoselco.aspx%3Fg%3D110%26sg%3DAll%2Bcountries%2B%252f%2BAdvanced%2Beconomies&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></span>
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<li id="cite_note-2"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-2">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://datahelpdesk.worldbank.org/knowledgebase/articles/906519-world-bank-country-and-lending-groups">"World Bank Country and Lending Groups"</a>. <i>datahelpdesk.worldbank.org</i>. <a href="/wiki/World_Bank" title="World Bank">World Bank</a><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">September 29,</span> 2019</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=unknown&rft.jtitle=datahelpdesk.worldbank.org&rft.atitle=World+Bank+Country+and+Lending+Groups&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fdatahelpdesk.worldbank.org%2Fknowledgebase%2Farticles%2F906519-world-bank-country-and-lending-groups&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></span>
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<li id="cite_note-3"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-3">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/191219/dq191219c-eng.htm?HPA=1&indid=4098-1&indgeo=0">"Canada's population estimates, third quarter 2019"</a>. <i>statcan.gc.ca</i>. <a href="/wiki/Statistics_Canada" title="Statistics Canada">Statistics Canada</a><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">January 17,</span> 2020</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=unknown&rft.jtitle=statcan.gc.ca&rft.atitle=Canada%27s+population+estimates%2C+third+quarter+2019&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww150.statcan.gc.ca%2Fn1%2Fdaily-quotidien%2F191219%2Fdq191219c-eng.htm%3FHPA%3D1%26indid%3D4098-1%26indgeo%3D0&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></span>
</li>
<li id="cite_note-IMFWEOCA-4"><span class="mw-cite-backlink">^ <a href="#cite_ref-IMFWEOCA_4-0"><sup><i><b>a</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-IMFWEOCA_4-1"><sup><i><b>b</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-IMFWEOCA_4-2"><sup><i><b>c</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-IMFWEOCA_4-3"><sup><i><b>d</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-IMFWEOCA_4-4"><sup><i><b>e</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-IMFWEOCA_4-5"><sup><i><b>f</b></i></sup></a></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2019/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=33&pr.y=15&sy=2016&ey=2021&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=156&s=NGDP_RPCH%2CNGDPD%2CPPPGDP%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPPC%2CPCPIPCH&grp=0&a=">"World Economic Outlook Database, October 2019"</a>. <i>IMF.org</i>. <a href="/wiki/International_Monetary_Fund" title="International Monetary Fund">International Monetary Fund</a><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">October 15,</span> 2019</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=unknown&rft.jtitle=IMF.org&rft.atitle=World+Economic+Outlook+Database%2C+October+2019&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.imf.org%2Fexternal%2Fpubs%2Fft%2Fweo%2F2019%2F02%2Fweodata%2Fweorept.aspx%3Fpr.x%3D33%26pr.y%3D15%26sy%3D2016%26ey%3D2021%26scsm%3D1%26ssd%3D1%26sort%3Dcountry%26ds%3D.%26br%3D1%26c%3D156%26s%3DNGDP_RPCH%252CNGDPD%252CPPPGDP%252CNGDPDPC%252CPPPPC%252CPCPIPCH%26grp%3D0%26a%3D&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></span>
</li>
<li id="cite_note-CIAWFCA-5"><span class="mw-cite-backlink">^ <a href="#cite_ref-CIAWFCA_5-0"><sup><i><b>a</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-CIAWFCA_5-1"><sup><i><b>b</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-CIAWFCA_5-2"><sup><i><b>c</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-CIAWFCA_5-3"><sup><i><b>d</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-CIAWFCA_5-4"><sup><i><b>e</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-CIAWFCA_5-5"><sup><i><b>f</b></i></sup></a></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ca.html">"The World Factbook"</a>. <i>CIA.gov</i>. <a href="/wiki/Central_Intelligence_Agency" title="Central Intelligence Agency">Central Intelligence Agency</a><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">October 8,</span> 2019</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=unknown&rft.jtitle=CIA.gov&rft.atitle=The+World+Factbook&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cia.gov%2Flibrary%2Fpublications%2Fthe-world-factbook%2Fgeos%2Fca.html&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></span>
</li>
<li id="cite_note-7"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-7">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">OECD (2019). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190918094533/https://data.oecd.org/inequality/income-inequality.htm">"Income inequality (Indicator)"</a>. Archived from <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://data.oecd.org/inequality/income-inequality.htm">the original</a> on September 18, 2019<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">September 18,</span> 2019</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=unknown&rft.btitle=Income+inequality+%28Indicator%29&rft.date=2019&rft.au=OECD&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fdata.oecd.org%2Finequality%2Fincome-inequality.htm&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></span>
</li>
<li id="cite_note-8"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-8">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://hdr.undp.org/en/indicators/137506">"Human Development Index (HDI)"</a>. <i>hdr.undp.org</i>. <a href="/wiki/Human_Development_Report" title="Human Development Report">HDRO (Human Development Report Office)</a> <a href="/wiki/United_Nations_Development_Programme" title="United Nations Development Programme">United Nations Development Programme</a><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">December 11,</span> 2019</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=unknown&rft.jtitle=hdr.undp.org&rft.atitle=Human+Development+Index+%28HDI%29&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fhdr.undp.org%2Fen%2Findicators%2F137506&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></span>
</li>
<li id="cite_note-9"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-9">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://hdr.undp.org/en/content/table-3-inequality-adjusted-human-development-index-ihdi">"Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI)"</a>. <i>hdr.undp.org</i>. <a href="/wiki/Human_Development_Report" title="Human Development Report">HDRO (Human Development Report Office)</a> <a href="/wiki/United_Nations_Development_Programme" title="United Nations Development Programme">United Nations Development Programme</a><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">December 11,</span> 2019</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=unknown&rft.jtitle=hdr.undp.org&rft.atitle=Inequality-adjusted+Human+Development+Index+%28IHDI%29&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fhdr.undp.org%2Fen%2Fcontent%2Ftable-3-inequality-adjusted-human-development-index-ihdi&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></span>
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<li id="cite_note-LaborForce-10"><span class="mw-cite-backlink">^ <a href="#cite_ref-LaborForce_10-0"><sup><i><b>a</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-LaborForce_10-1"><sup><i><b>b</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-LaborForce_10-2"><sup><i><b>c</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-LaborForce_10-3"><sup><i><b>d</b></i></sup></a></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/t1/tbl1/en/tv.action?pid=1410028701">"Labour force characteristics, monthly, seasonally adjusted and trend-cycle, last 5 months"</a>. <i>statcan.gc.ca</i>. Statistics Canada<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">January 13,</span> 2020</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=unknown&rft.jtitle=statcan.gc.ca&rft.atitle=Labour+force+characteristics%2C+monthly%2C+seasonally+adjusted+and+trend-cycle%2C+last+5+months&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww150.statcan.gc.ca%2Ft1%2Ftbl1%2Fen%2Ftv.action%3Fpid%3D1410028701&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></span>
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<li id="cite_note-11"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-11">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://data.oecd.org/chart/5PyI">"Youth unemployment rate"</a>. <i>data.oecd.org</i>. OECD<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">February 2,</span> 2020</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=unknown&rft.jtitle=data.oecd.org&rft.atitle=Youth+unemployment+rate&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fdata.oecd.org%2Fchart%2F5PyI&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></span>
</li>
<li id="cite_note-12"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-12">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/191219/dq191219a-eng.htm">"Payroll employment, earnings and hours, September 2019"</a>. <i>Statistics Canada</i>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=unknown&rft.jtitle=Statistics+Canada&rft.atitle=Payroll+employment%2C+earnings+and+hours%2C+September+2019&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww150.statcan.gc.ca%2Fn1%2Fdaily-quotidien%2F191219%2Fdq191219a-eng.htm&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></span>
</li>
<li id="cite_note-World_Bank_and_International_Financial_Corporation-13"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-World_Bank_and_International_Financial_Corporation_13-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.doingbusiness.org/data/ExploreEconomies/canada">"Ease of Doing Business in Canada"</a>. Doingbusiness.org<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">November 24,</span> 2017</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=unknown&rft.btitle=Ease+of+Doing+Business+in+Canada&rft.pub=Doingbusiness.org&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.doingbusiness.org%2Fdata%2FExploreEconomies%2Fcanada&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></span>
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<li id="cite_note-26"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-26">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation book">Hall, Peter A.; Soskice, David (2001). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://books.google.com/?id=EU02HzYJeFsC&dq=canada+a+market+economy"><i>Varieties of Capitalism: The Institutional Foundations of Comparative Advantage</i></a>. <a href="/wiki/Oxford_University_Press" title="Oxford University Press">Oxford University Press</a>. p. 570. <a href="/wiki/International_Standard_Book_Number" title="International Standard Book Number">ISBN</a> <a href="/wiki/Special:BookSources/9780191647703" title="Special:BookSources/9780191647703"><bdi>9780191647703</bdi></a>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=book&rft.btitle=Varieties+of+Capitalism%3A+The+Institutional+Foundations+of+Comparative+Advantage&rft.pages=570&rft.pub=Oxford+University+Press&rft.date=2001&rft.isbn=9780191647703&rft.aulast=Hall&rft.aufirst=Peter+A.&rft.au=Soskice%2C+David&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fbooks.google.com%2F%3Fid%3DEU02HzYJeFsC%26dq%3Dcanada%2Ba%2Bmarket%2Beconomy&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></span>
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<li id="cite_note-28"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-28">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Anthony, Craig (September 12, 2016). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.investopedia.com/articles/markets-economy/090516/10-countries-most-natural-resources.asp">"10 Countries with the Most Natural Resources"</a>. <i><a href="/wiki/Investopedia" title="Investopedia">Investopedia</a></i>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=unknown&rft.jtitle=Investopedia&rft.atitle=10+Countries+with+the+Most+Natural+Resources&rft.date=2016-09-12&rft.aulast=Anthony&rft.aufirst=Craig&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.investopedia.com%2Farticles%2Fmarkets-economy%2F090516%2F10-countries-most-natural-resources.asp&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></span>
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<li id="cite_note-Kvint2010-30"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-Kvint2010_30-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation book">Vladimir Kvint (2010). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://books.google.com/books?id=GX6QAgAAQBAJ&pg=PA194"><i>The Global Emerging Market: Strategic Management and Economics</i></a>. Routledge. p. 194. <a href="/wiki/International_Standard_Book_Number" title="International Standard Book Number">ISBN</a> <a href="/wiki/Special:BookSources/978-1-135-85997-8" title="Special:BookSources/978-1-135-85997-8"><bdi>978-1-135-85997-8</bdi></a>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=book&rft.btitle=The+Global+Emerging+Market%3A+Strategic+Management+and+Economics&rft.pages=194&rft.pub=Routledge&rft.date=2010&rft.isbn=978-1-135-85997-8&rft.au=Vladimir+Kvint&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fbooks.google.com%2Fbooks%3Fid%3DGX6QAgAAQBAJ%26pg%3DPA194&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></span>
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<li id="cite_note-Dyment2010-31"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-Dyment2010_31-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation book">David Dyment (2010). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://books.google.com/books?id=JMRlDs_nkZcC&pg=PA78"><i>Doing the Continental: A New Canadian-American Relationship</i></a>. Dundurn. p. 78. <a href="/wiki/International_Standard_Book_Number" title="International Standard Book Number">ISBN</a> <a href="/wiki/Special:BookSources/978-1-55488-814-6" title="Special:BookSources/978-1-55488-814-6"><bdi>978-1-55488-814-6</bdi></a>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=book&rft.btitle=Doing+the+Continental%3A+A+New+Canadian-American+Relationship&rft.pages=78&rft.pub=Dundurn&rft.date=2010&rft.isbn=978-1-55488-814-6&rft.au=David+Dyment&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fbooks.google.com%2Fbooks%3Fid%3DJMRlDs_nkZcC%26pg%3DPA78&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></span>
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<li id="cite_note-RotbergCarment2018-32"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-RotbergCarment2018_32-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation book">Rotberg, Robert I.; Carment, David (2018). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://books.google.com/books?id=ujOoDwAAQBAJ&pg=PT12"><i>Canada's Corruption at Home and Abroad</i></a>. Taylor & Francis. p. 12. <a href="/wiki/International_Standard_Book_Number" title="International Standard Book Number">ISBN</a> <a href="/wiki/Special:BookSources/978-1-351-57924-7" title="Special:BookSources/978-1-351-57924-7"><bdi>978-1-351-57924-7</bdi></a>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=book&rft.btitle=Canada%27s+Corruption+at+Home+and+Abroad&rft.pages=12&rft.pub=Taylor+%26+Francis&rft.date=2018&rft.isbn=978-1-351-57924-7&rft.aulast=Rotberg&rft.aufirst=Robert+I.&rft.au=Carment%2C+David&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fbooks.google.com%2Fbooks%3Fid%3DujOoDwAAQBAJ%26pg%3DPT12&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></span>
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<li id="cite_note-33"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-33">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/pres08_e/pr520_e.htm">"Latest release"</a>. World Trade Organization. April 17, 2008. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20110605043028/http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/pres08_e/pr520_e.htm">Archived</a> from the original on June 5, 2011<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">May 23,</span> 2011</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=unknown&rft.btitle=Latest+release&rft.pub=World+Trade+Organization&rft.date=2008-04-17&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.wto.org%2Fenglish%2Fnews_e%2Fpres08_e%2Fpr520_e.htm&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></span>
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<li id="cite_note-34"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-34">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://globalization.kof.ethz.ch/">"Index of Globalization 2010"</a>. KOF. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20120531222435/http://globalization.kof.ethz.ch/">Archived</a> from the original on May 31, 2012<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">May 22,</span> 2012</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=unknown&rft.btitle=Index+of+Globalization+2010&rft.pub=KOF&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fglobalization.kof.ethz.ch%2F&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></span>
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<li id="cite_note-35"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-35">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.heritage.org/Index/">"Index of Economic Freedom"</a>. <a href="/wiki/The_Heritage_Foundation" title="The Heritage Foundation">The Heritage Foundation</a>-<a href="/wiki/The_Wall_Street_Journal" title="The Wall Street Journal">The Wall Street Journal</a>. 2013. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20130629215405/http://www.heritage.org/index/">Archived</a> from the original on June 29, 2013<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">June 27,</span> 2013</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=unknown&rft.btitle=Index+of+Economic+Freedom&rft.pub=The+Heritage+Foundation-The+Wall+Street+Journal&rft.date=2013&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.heritage.org%2FIndex%2F&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></span>
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<li id="cite_note-36"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-36">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://news.nationalpost.com/full-comment/jonathan-kay-the-key-to-canadas-economic-advantage-over-the-united-states-less-income-inequality">"Jonathan Kay: The key to Canada's economic advantage over the United States? Less income inequality"</a>. <i><a href="/wiki/National_Post" title="National Post">National Post</a></i>. December 13, 2012. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://arquivo.pt/wayback/20160515131854/http%3A//news.nationalpost.com/full%2Dcomment/jonathan%2Dkay%2Dthe%2Dkey%2Dto%2Dcanadas%2Deconomic%2Dadvantage%2Dover%2Dthe%2Dunited%2Dstates%2Dless%2Dincome%2Dinequality">Archived</a> from the original on May 15, 2016<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">December 14,</span> 2012</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=unknown&rft.jtitle=National+Post&rft.atitle=Jonathan+Kay%3A+The+key+to+Canada%27s+economic+advantage+over+the+United+States%3F+Less+income+inequality&rft.date=2012-12-13&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fnews.nationalpost.com%2Ffull-comment%2Fjonathan-kay-the-key-to-canadas-economic-advantage-over-the-united-states-less-income-inequality&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></span>
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<li id="cite_note-OECDBLI-37"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-OECDBLI_37-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation book">OECD (June 16, 2017). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://books.google.com/books?id=GEIoDwAAQBAJ&pg=PP3"><i>Better Policies Policies for Stronger and More Inclusive Growth in Canada</i></a>. OECD Publishing. pp. 3–. <a href="/wiki/International_Standard_Book_Number" title="International Standard Book Number">ISBN</a> <a href="/wiki/Special:BookSources/978-92-64-27794-6" title="Special:BookSources/978-92-64-27794-6"><bdi>978-92-64-27794-6</bdi></a>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=book&rft.btitle=Better+Policies+Policies+for+Stronger+and+More+Inclusive+Growth+in+Canada&rft.pages=3-&rft.pub=OECD+Publishing&rft.date=2017-06-16&rft.isbn=978-92-64-27794-6&rft.au=OECD&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fbooks.google.com%2Fbooks%3Fid%3DGEIoDwAAQBAJ%26pg%3DPP3&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></span>
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<li id="cite_note-38"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-38">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.world-exchanges.org/our-work/statistics">"Monthly Reports - World Federation of Exchanges"</a>. WFE.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=unknown&rft.btitle=Monthly+Reports+-+World+Federation+of+Exchanges&rft.pub=WFE&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.world-exchanges.org%2Four-work%2Fstatistics&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608">as of November 2018<sup class="plainlinks noexcerpt noprint asof-tag update" style="display:none;"><a class="external text" href="https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Economy_of_Canada&action=edit">[update]</a></sup></span>
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<li id="cite_note-39"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-39">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><a rel="nofollow" class="external autonumber" href="http://www.apcfnc.ca/en/fisheries/resources/Aboriginal%20Fisheries%20in%20Canada%20-%20Overview%20-Canadian%20Market%20Trends%20-%20David%20Millette.pdf">[2]</a> <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20130512061342/http://www.apcfnc.ca/en/fisheries/resources/Aboriginal%20Fisheries%20in%20Canada%20-%20Overview%20-Canadian%20Market%20Trends%20-%20David%20Millette.pdf">Archived</a> May 12, 2013, at the <a href="/wiki/Wayback_Machine" title="Wayback Machine">Wayback Machine</a></span>
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<li id="cite_note-40"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-40">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20120615073555/http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/aquaculture/ref/stats/aqua-ff-fc-2009-eng.htm">"Aquaculture Canada: Facts and Figures"</a>. Dfo-mpo.gc.ca. February 2, 2011. Archived from <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/aquaculture/ref/stats/aqua-ff-fc-2009-eng.htm">the original</a> on June 15, 2012<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">February 1,</span> 2013</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=unknown&rft.btitle=Aquaculture+Canada%3A+Facts+and+Figures&rft.pub=Dfo-mpo.gc.ca&rft.date=2011-02-02&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.dfo-mpo.gc.ca%2Faquaculture%2Fref%2Fstats%2Faqua-ff-fc-2009-eng.htm&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></span>
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<li id="cite_note-41"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-41">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20130507133215/http://www.theesa.ca/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/SECOR_ESAC_report_eng_2011.pdf">"Canada's Entertainment Software Industry In 2011 A Report Prepared For The Entertainment Software Association Of Canada"</a> <span class="cs1-format">(PDF)</span>. Archived from <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.theesa.ca/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/SECOR_ESAC_report_eng_2011.pdf">the original</a> <span class="cs1-format">(PDF)</span> on May 7, 2013<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">February 5,</span> 2016</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=unknown&rft.btitle=Canada%27s+Entertainment+Software+Industry+In+2011+A+Report+Prepared+For+The+Entertainment+Software+Association+Of+Canada&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.theesa.ca%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2011%2F08%2FSECOR_ESAC_report_eng_2011.pdf&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></span>
</li>
<li id="cite_note-autogenerated1-42"><span class="mw-cite-backlink">^ <a href="#cite_ref-autogenerated1_42-0"><sup><i><b>a</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-autogenerated1_42-1"><sup><i><b>b</b></i></sup></a></span> <span class="reference-text">Global Systems by David J Rees with Michael G Jones, Chapter 4, <link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"><a href="/wiki/International_Standard_Book_Number" title="International Standard Book Number">ISBN</a> <a href="/wiki/Special:BookSources/0-919913-74-1" title="Special:BookSources/0-919913-74-1">0-919913-74-1</a></span>
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<li id="cite_note-cia_factbook-43"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-cia_factbook_43-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Central Intelligence Agency (May 16, 2006). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ca.html">"The World Factbook: Canada"</a>. Central Intelligence Agency<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">May 6,</span> 2007</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=unknown&rft.btitle=The+World+Factbook%3A+Canada&rft.pub=Central+Intelligence+Agency&rft.date=2006-05-16&rft.au=Central+Intelligence+Agency&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cia.gov%2Flibrary%2Fpublications%2Fthe-world-factbook%2Fgeos%2Fca.html&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></span>
</li>
<li id="cite_note-44"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-44">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.forbes.com/global2000/list/">"The World's Largest Public Companies"</a>. <i><a href="/wiki/Forbes" title="Forbes">Forbes</a></i>. <q>U.S. companies account for the most members of the list, 565, followed by China and Hong Kong, which is home to 263 Global 2000 companies.</q></cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=article&rft.jtitle=Forbes&rft.atitle=The+World%E2%80%99s+Largest+Public+Companies&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.forbes.com%2Fglobal2000%2Flist%2F&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></span>
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<li id="cite_note-www40.statcan.gc.ca-45"><span class="mw-cite-backlink">^ <a href="#cite_ref-www40.statcan.gc.ca_45-0"><sup><i><b>a</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-www40.statcan.gc.ca_45-1"><sup><i><b>b</b></i></sup></a></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20111102044929/http://www40.statcan.gc.ca/l01/cst01/gblec04-eng.htm">"Exports of goods on a balance-of-payments basis, by product"</a>. Statistics Canada. Archived from <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www40.statcan.gc.ca/l01/cst01/gblec04-eng.htm">the original</a> on November 2, 2011.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=unknown&rft.btitle=Exports+of+goods+on+a+balance-of-payments+basis%2C+by+product&rft.pub=Statistics+Canada&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww40.statcan.gc.ca%2Fl01%2Fcst01%2Fgblec04-eng.htm&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></span>
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<li id="cite_note-46"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-46">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20060618224937/http://www40.statcan.ca/l01/cst01/gblec02a.htm">"Imports, exports and trade balance of goods on a balance-of-payments basis, by country or country grouping"</a>. Statistics Canada. Archived from <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www40.statcan.ca/l01/cst01/gblec02a.htm">the original</a> on June 18, 2006.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=unknown&rft.btitle=Imports%2C+exports+and+trade+balance+of+goods+on+a+balance-of-payments+basis%2C+by+country+or+country+grouping&rft.pub=Statistics+Canada&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww40.statcan.ca%2Fl01%2Fcst01%2Fgblec02a.htm&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></span>
</li>
<li id="cite_note-47"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-47">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">Canada's Private to Public (Crown) Property Ratio is 60:40.<a href="/wiki/File:Top_20_Exporters_and_Importers_in_2006.gif" title="File:Top 20 Exporters and Importers in 2006.gif">2006 exports/imports</a></span>
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<li id="cite_note-gdpstats-48"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-gdpstats_48-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20110428131128/http://www40.statcan.gc.ca/l01/cst01/gdps04a-eng.htm">"Gross domestic product at basic prices, by industry (monthly)"</a>. Statistics Canada. Archived from <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www40.statcan.gc.ca/l01/cst01/gdps04a-eng.htm">the original</a> on April 28, 2011.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=unknown&rft.btitle=Gross+domestic+product+at+basic+prices%2C+by+industry+%28monthly%29&rft.pub=Statistics+Canada&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww40.statcan.gc.ca%2Fl01%2Fcst01%2Fgdps04a-eng.htm&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></span>
</li>
<li id="cite_note-49"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-49">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">Howlett, Michael and M. Ramesh. <i>Political Economy of Canada: An Introduction.</i> Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1992.</span>
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<li id="cite_note-50"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-50">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2018/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=88&pr.y=10&sy=1980&ey=2023&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=156&s=NGDP_RPCH,PPPGDP,PPPPC,PCPIPCH,LUR,GGXWDN_NGDP&grp=0&a=">"Report for Selected Countries and Subjects"</a><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">September 7,</span> 2018</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=unknown&rft.btitle=Report+for+Selected+Countries+and+Subjects&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.imf.org%2Fexternal%2Fpubs%2Fft%2Fweo%2F2018%2F01%2Fweodata%2Fweorept.aspx%3Fpr.x%3D88%26pr.y%3D10%26sy%3D1980%26ey%3D2023%26scsm%3D1%26ssd%3D1%26sort%3Dcountry%26ds%3D.%26br%3D1%26c%3D156%26s%3DNGDP_RPCH%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CPCPIPCH%2CLUR%2CGGXWDN_NGDP%26grp%3D0%26a%3D&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></span>
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<li id="cite_note-IMF_2015_CA-110"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-IMF_2015_CA_110-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation">"2015 Report of the International Monetary Fund", <i>International Monetary Fund</i>, March 9, 2015</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=article&rft.jtitle=International+Monetary+Fund&rft.atitle=2015+Report+of+the+International+Monetary+Fund&rft.date=2015-03-09&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></span>
</li>
<li id="cite_note-Statistics_Canada-111"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-Statistics_Canada_111-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite id="CITEREFStatistics_Canada2019" class="citation">Statistics Canada (July 2019), <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/t1/tbl1/en/tv.action?pid=1010011801"><i>Credit measures, Bank of Canada (x 1,000,000)</i></a><span class="reference-accessdate">, retrieved <span class="nowrap">September 15,</span> 2019</span></cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=book&rft.btitle=Credit+measures%2C+Bank+of+Canada+%28x+1%2C000%2C000%29&rft.date=2019-07&rft.au=Statistics+Canada&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww150.statcan.gc.ca%2Ft1%2Ftbl1%2Fen%2Ftv.action%3Fpid%3D1010011801&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></span>
</li>
<li id="cite_note-Fraser2015-112"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-Fraser2015_112-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite id="CITEREFPhilip_Cross2015" class="citation">Philip Cross (May 2015), <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.fraserinstitute.org/uploadedFiles/fraser-ca/Content/research-news/research/publications/longer-term-perspective-on-canadas-household-debt.pdf"><i>A Longer-term Perspective on Canada's Household Debt</i></a> <span class="cs1-format">(PDF)</span><span class="reference-accessdate">, retrieved <span class="nowrap">August 7,</span> 2015</span></cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=book&rft.btitle=A+Longer-term+Perspective+on+Canada%27s+Household+Debt&rft.date=2015-05&rft.au=Philip+Cross&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.fraserinstitute.org%2FuploadedFiles%2Ffraser-ca%2FContent%2Fresearch-news%2Fresearch%2Fpublications%2Flonger-term-perspective-on-canadas-household-debt.pdf&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"><sup class="noprint Inline-Template"><span style="white-space: nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Link_rot" title="Wikipedia:Link rot"><span title=" Dead link since December 2016">permanent dead link</span></a></i>]</span></sup></span>
</li>
<li id="cite_note-IMAA-Institute-113"><span class="mw-cite-backlink">^ <a href="#cite_ref-IMAA-Institute_113-0"><sup><i><b>a</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-IMAA-Institute_113-1"><sup><i><b>b</b></i></sup></a></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://imaa-institute.org/m-and-a-canada/">"M&A Canada - Mergers & Acquisitions Statistics"</a>. <i>IMAA-Institute</i><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">February 22,</span> 2018</span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=article&rft.jtitle=IMAA-Institute&rft.atitle=M%26A+Canada+-+Mergers+%26+Acquisitions+Statistics&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fimaa-institute.org%2Fm-and-a-canada%2F&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></span>
</li>
</ol></div>
</section><h2 class="section-heading" onclick="javascript:mfTempOpenSection(12)"><div class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element indicator mw-ui-icon-small mw-ui-icon-flush-left"></div><span class="mw-headline" id="Further_reading">Further reading</span><span class="mw-editsection"><a href="/w/index.php?title=Economy_of_Canada&action=edit&section=30" title="Edit section: Further reading" data-section="30" class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element mw-ui-icon-minerva-edit-enabled edit-page mw-ui-icon-flush-right">Edit</a></span></h2><section class="mf-section-12 collapsible-block" id="mf-section-12">
<div role="note" class="hatnote navigation-not-searchable">Main article: <a href="/wiki/Bibliography_of_Canadian_economic_history" class="mw-redirect" title="Bibliography of Canadian economic history">Bibliography of Canadian economic history</a></div>
<style data-mw-deduplicate="TemplateStyles:r886047268">.mw-parser-output .refbegin{font-size:90%;margin-bottom:0.5em}.mw-parser-output .refbegin-hanging-indents>ul{list-style-type:none;margin-left:0}.mw-parser-output .refbegin-hanging-indents>ul>li,.mw-parser-output .refbegin-hanging-indents>dl>dd{margin-left:0;padding-left:3.2em;text-indent:-3.2em;list-style:none}.mw-parser-output .refbegin-100{font-size:100%}</style><div class="refbegin reflist columns references-column-width" style="-moz-column-width: 30em; -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em;">
<ul><li>Howlett, Michael and M. Ramesh. <i>Political Economy of Canada: An Introduction.</i> Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1992.</li>
<li>Wallace, Iain, <i>A Geography of the Canadian Economy.</i> Don Mills: Oxford University Press, 2002.</li>
<li><cite class="citation"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://books.google.com/books?id=tvLuZ2iQAqkC&printsec=frontcover&dq=OECD+economic+survey.+Canada%22+2010#v=onepage&q&f=true">"OECD Economic Surveys: Canada 2010"</a>, <i>Organización para la Cooperación y Desarrollo Económicos</i>, Paris : OECD economic surveys, 2010, <a href="/wiki/International_Standard_Book_Number" title="International Standard Book Number">ISBN</a> <a href="/wiki/Special:BookSources/978-92-64-08325-7" title="Special:BookSources/978-92-64-08325-7"><bdi>978-92-64-08325-7</bdi></a></cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=article&rft.jtitle=Organizaci%C3%B3n+para+la+Cooperaci%C3%B3n+y+Desarrollo+Econ%C3%B3micos&rft.atitle=OECD+Economic+Surveys%3A+Canada+2010&rft.date=2010&rft.isbn=978-92-64-08325-7&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fbooks.google.com%2Fbooks%3Fid%3DtvLuZ2iQAqkC%26printsec%3Dfrontcover%26dq%3DOECD%2Beconomic%2Bsurvey.%2BCanada%2522%2B2010%23v%3Donepage%26q%26f%3Dtrue&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></li>
<li><cite id="CITEREFBaldwin2003" class="citation">Baldwin, John Russel (2003), <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://books.google.com/?id=4V9Xx-6B2ZIC&lpg=PA1&dq=nel.%20Innovation%20and%20Knowledge%20Creation%20in%20an%20Open%20Economy%3A%20Canadian%20Industry%20and%20International%20Implications&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=true"><i>Innovation and knowledge creation in an open economy</i></a>, Cambridge University Press, <a href="/wiki/International_Standard_Book_Number" title="International Standard Book Number">ISBN</a> <a href="/wiki/Special:BookSources/0-521-81086-8" title="Special:BookSources/0-521-81086-8"><bdi>0-521-81086-8</bdi></a></cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=book&rft.btitle=Innovation+and+knowledge+creation+in+an+open+economy&rft.pub=Cambridge+University+Press&rft.date=2003&rft.isbn=0-521-81086-8&rft.aulast=Baldwin&rft.aufirst=John+Russel&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fbooks.google.com%2F%3Fid%3D4V9Xx-6B2ZIC%26lpg%3DPA1%26dq%3Dnel.%2520Innovation%2520and%2520Knowledge%2520Creation%2520in%2520an%2520Open%2520Economy%253A%2520Canadian%2520Industry%2520and%2520International%2520Implications%26pg%3DPP1%23v%3Donepage%26q%26f%3Dtrue&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></li>
<li><cite class="citation book">Easterbrook, William Thomas; Aitken, Hugh G. J (1988). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://books.google.com/books?id=QjmE2bSRzEUC&lpg=PP1&dq=Economic%20History%20of%20Canada&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=true"><i>Canadian Economic History</i></a>. University of Toronto Press. <a href="/wiki/International_Standard_Book_Number" title="International Standard Book Number">ISBN</a> <a href="/wiki/Special:BookSources/0-8020-6696-8" title="Special:BookSources/0-8020-6696-8"><bdi>0-8020-6696-8</bdi></a>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=book&rft.btitle=Canadian+Economic+History&rft.pub=University+of+Toronto+Press&rft.date=1988&rft.isbn=0-8020-6696-8&rft.aulast=Easterbrook&rft.aufirst=William+Thomas&rft.au=Aitken%2C+Hugh+G.+J&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fbooks.google.com%2Fbooks%3Fid%3DQjmE2bSRzEUC%26lpg%3DPP1%26dq%3DEconomic%2520History%2520of%2520Canada%26pg%3DPP1%23v%3Donepage%26q%26f%3Dtrue&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></li>
<li><cite id="CITEREFHessingMichael_Howlett,_Tracy_Summerville2005" class="citation">Hessing, Melody; Michael Howlett, Tracy Summerville (2005), <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://books.google.com/books?id=_qHF160KzwgC&lpg=PP1&dq=Canadian%20Economy&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=true"><i>Canadian natural resource and environmental policy</i></a>, UBC Press, <a href="/wiki/International_Standard_Book_Number" title="International Standard Book Number">ISBN</a> <a href="/wiki/Special:BookSources/9780774851459" title="Special:BookSources/9780774851459"><bdi>9780774851459</bdi></a></cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=book&rft.btitle=Canadian+natural+resource+and+environmental+policy&rft.pub=UBC+Press&rft.date=2005&rft.isbn=9780774851459&rft.aulast=Hessing&rft.aufirst=Melody&rft.au=Michael+Howlett%2C+Tracy+Summerville&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fbooks.google.com%2Fbooks%3Fid%3D_qHF160KzwgC%26lpg%3DPP1%26dq%3DCanadian%2520Economy%26pg%3DPP1%23v%3Donepage%26q%26f%3Dtrue&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></li>
<li><cite id="CITEREFKealey1995" class="citation">Kealey, Gregory S (1995), <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://books.google.com/books?id=RGnUhCZAW9MC&lpg=PA159&dq=The%20History%20of%20Canadian%20Business&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=true"><i>Workers and Canadian history</i></a>, McGill-Queen's University Press, <a href="/wiki/International_Standard_Book_Number" title="International Standard Book Number">ISBN</a> <a href="/wiki/Special:BookSources/0-7735-1352-3" title="Special:BookSources/0-7735-1352-3"><bdi>0-7735-1352-3</bdi></a></cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=book&rft.btitle=Workers+and+Canadian+history&rft.pub=McGill-Queen%27s+University+Press&rft.date=1995&rft.isbn=0-7735-1352-3&rft.aulast=Kealey&rft.aufirst=Gregory+S&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fbooks.google.com%2Fbooks%3Fid%3DRGnUhCZAW9MC%26lpg%3DPA159%26dq%3DThe%2520History%2520of%2520Canadian%2520Business%26pg%3DPP1%23v%3Donepage%26q%26f%3Dtrue&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></li>
<li><cite id="CITEREFLevi2009" class="citation">Levi, Michael A (2009), <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://books.google.com/books?id=cj2wJGhT-2QC&lpg=PP1&dq=Oil%20sands&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=true"><i>The Canadian oil sands : energy security vs. climate change</i></a>, Council on Foreign Relations, Center for Geoeconomic Studies, <a href="/wiki/International_Standard_Book_Number" title="International Standard Book Number">ISBN</a> <a href="/wiki/Special:BookSources/978-0-87609-429-7" title="Special:BookSources/978-0-87609-429-7"><bdi>978-0-87609-429-7</bdi></a></cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=book&rft.btitle=The+Canadian+oil+sands+%3A+energy+security+vs.+climate+change&rft.pub=Council+on+Foreign+Relations%2C+Center+for+Geoeconomic+Studies&rft.date=2009&rft.isbn=978-0-87609-429-7&rft.aulast=Levi&rft.aufirst=Michael+A&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fbooks.google.com%2Fbooks%3Fid%3Dcj2wJGhT-2QC%26lpg%3DPP1%26dq%3DOil%2520sands%26pg%3DPP1%23v%3Donepage%26q%26f%3Dtrue&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></li>
<li><cite id="CITEREFLipseyAlice_Nakamura,_Canada._Industry_Canada2006" class="citation">Lipsey, Richard G; <a href="/wiki/Alice_Nakamura" title="Alice Nakamura">Alice Nakamura</a>, Canada. Industry Canada (2006), <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://books.google.com/books?id=_0-jUlslCOgC&lpg=PA266&dq=Canadian%20Economy&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=true"><i>Services industries and the knowledge-based economy</i></a>, University of Calgary Press, <a href="/wiki/International_Standard_Book_Number" title="International Standard Book Number">ISBN</a> <a href="/wiki/Special:BookSources/1-55238-149-8" title="Special:BookSources/1-55238-149-8"><bdi>1-55238-149-8</bdi></a></cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=book&rft.btitle=Services+industries+and+the+knowledge-based+economy&rft.pub=University+of+Calgary+Press&rft.date=2006&rft.isbn=1-55238-149-8&rft.aulast=Lipsey&rft.aufirst=Richard+G&rft.au=Alice+Nakamura%2C+Canada.+Industry+Canada&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fbooks.google.com%2Fbooks%3Fid%3D_0-jUlslCOgC%26lpg%3DPA266%26dq%3DCanadian%2520Economy%26pg%3DPP1%23v%3Donepage%26q%26f%3Dtrue&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></li>
<li><cite id="CITEREFPomfret1981" class="citation">Pomfret, Richard (1981), <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://books.google.com/books?id=tYCexdAOLi0C&lpg=PR7&dq=Canadian%20Economy&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=true">"The Economic Development of Canada"</a>, <i>revised 2005</i>, Routledge, <a href="/wiki/International_Standard_Book_Number" title="International Standard Book Number">ISBN</a> <a href="/wiki/Special:BookSources/978-0-415-37976-2" title="Special:BookSources/978-0-415-37976-2"><bdi>978-0-415-37976-2</bdi></a></cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=article&rft.jtitle=revised+2005&rft.atitle=The+Economic+Development+of+Canada&rft.date=1981&rft.isbn=978-0-415-37976-2&rft.aulast=Pomfret&rft.aufirst=Richard&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fbooks.google.com%2Fbooks%3Fid%3DtYCexdAOLi0C%26lpg%3DPR7%26dq%3DCanadian%2520Economy%26pg%3DPP1%23v%3Donepage%26q%26f%3Dtrue&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></li>
<li><cite id="CITEREFQuarterLaurie_Mook,_Ann_Armstrong2009" class="citation">Quarter, Jack; Laurie Mook, Ann Armstrong (2009), <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://books.google.com/books?id=QGbaI3ilv2sC&lpg=PP1&dq=Canadian%20Economy&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=true"><i>Understanding the Social Economy: A Canadian Perspective</i></a>, University of Toronto Press, <a href="/wiki/International_Standard_Book_Number" title="International Standard Book Number">ISBN</a> <a href="/wiki/Special:BookSources/978-0-8020-9695-1" title="Special:BookSources/978-0-8020-9695-1"><bdi>978-0-8020-9695-1</bdi></a></cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=book&rft.btitle=Understanding+the+Social+Economy%3A+A+Canadian+Perspective&rft.pub=University+of+Toronto+Press&rft.date=2009&rft.isbn=978-0-8020-9695-1&rft.aulast=Quarter&rft.aufirst=Jack&rft.au=Laurie+Mook%2C+Ann+Armstrong&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fbooks.google.com%2Fbooks%3Fid%3DQGbaI3ilv2sC%26lpg%3DPP1%26dq%3DCanadian%2520Economy%26pg%3DPP1%23v%3Donepage%26q%26f%3Dtrue&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></li>
<li><cite id="CITEREFTavidze2007" class="citation">Tavidze, Albert (2007), <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://books.google.com/books?id=hWv3ZvmesVoC&lpg=PA3&dq=Canadian%20Economy&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=true"><i>Progress in Economics Research, Volume 12</i></a>, Gardners Books, <a href="/wiki/International_Standard_Book_Number" title="International Standard Book Number">ISBN</a> <a href="/wiki/Special:BookSources/978-1-60021-720-3" title="Special:BookSources/978-1-60021-720-3"><bdi>978-1-60021-720-3</bdi></a></cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=book&rft.btitle=Progress+in+Economics+Research%2C+Volume+12&rft.pub=Gardners+Books&rft.date=2007&rft.isbn=978-1-60021-720-3&rft.aulast=Tavidze&rft.aufirst=Albert&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fbooks.google.com%2Fbooks%3Fid%3DhWv3ZvmesVoC%26lpg%3DPA3%26dq%3DCanadian%2520Economy%26pg%3DPP1%23v%3Donepage%26q%26f%3Dtrue&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEconomy+of+Canada" class="Z3988"></span><link rel="mw-deduplicated-inline-style" href="mw-data:TemplateStyles:r935243608"></li></ul></div>
</section><h2 class="section-heading" onclick="javascript:mfTempOpenSection(13)"><div class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element indicator mw-ui-icon-small mw-ui-icon-flush-left"></div><span class="mw-headline" id="External_links">External links</span><span class="mw-editsection"><a href="/w/index.php?title=Economy_of_Canada&action=edit&section=31" title="Edit section: External links" data-section="31" class="mw-ui-icon mw-ui-icon-element mw-ui-icon-minerva-edit-enabled edit-page mw-ui-icon-flush-right">Edit</a></span></h2><section class="mf-section-13 collapsible-block" id="mf-section-13">
<table role="presentation" class="mbox-small plainlinks sistersitebox" style="background-color:#f9f9f9;border:1px solid #aaa;color:#000"><tbody><tr>
<td class="mbox-text plainlist">Wikimedia Commons has media related to <i><b><a href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Economy_of_Canada" class="extiw" title="commons:Category:Economy of Canada"><span style="">Economy of Canada</span></a></b></i>.</td></tr></tbody></table><ul><li><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.statcan.gc.ca/eng/start">Statistics Canada</a></li>
<li><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.fin.gc.ca/">Department of Finance Canada</a></li>
<li><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.bankofcanada.ca/">Bank of Canada</a></li>
<li><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.oecd.org/canada/">Canada - OECD</a></li>
<li><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ca.html">Canada profile</a> at the <a href="/wiki/CIA_World_Factbook" class="mw-redirect" title="CIA World Factbook">CIA World Factbook</a></li>
<li><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.worldbank.org/en/country/canada">Canada profile</a> at <a href="/wiki/The_World_Bank" class="mw-redirect" title="The World Bank">The World Bank</a></li>
<li><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://wits.worldbank.org/CountryProfile/en/Country/CAN/Year/LTST/TradeFlow/EXPIMP/Partner/by-country">Canada Exports and Imports</a></li></ul> 





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